Earl of Malmesbury
Earl of Malmesbury is a title in the Peerage of Great Britain. It was created in 1800 for the diplomat James Harris, 1st Baron Malmesbury. The son of the grammarian and politician James Harris, he served as Ambassador to Spain, Prussia, Russia and France and also represented Christchurch in the House of Commons. Harris had already been created Baron Malmesbury, of Malmesbury in the County of Wiltshire, in 1788, and was made Viscount FitzHarris, of Hurn Court in the County of Southampton, at the same time he was given the earldom. The earldom and viscountcy were the last creations in the peerage of Great Britain, future titles being made in the peerage of the United Kingdom which took effect three days later.
He was succeeded by his eldest son, the second Earl. He sat as Member of Parliament for Helston, Horsham, Heytesbury and Wilton. His eldest son, the third Earl, was a prominent Conservative politician. He served as Foreign Secretary in 1852 and from 1858 to 1859 and was also Lord Privy Seal and Leader of the House of Lords. Lord Malmesbury died childless and was succeeded by his nephew, the fourth Earl. He was the son of Admiral the Hon. Sir Edward Harris, second son of the second Earl.
His eldest son, the fifth Earl, served as a Lord-in-waiting (government whip in the House of Lords) from 1922 to 1924 in the Conservative administrations of Bonar Law and Stanley Baldwin and was later Chairman of the Hampshire County Council. He was succeeded by his only son, the sixth Earl. He was Lord Lieutenant of Hampshire from 1973 to 1982. As of 2010 the titles are held by his only son, the seventh Earl, who succeeded in 2000.
Two other members of the Harris family have also gained distinction. The aforementioned the Hon. Sir Edward Harris (1808–1888), second son of the second Earl, was an admiral in the Royal Navy, held several diplomatic posts and represented Christchurch in Parliament. The Right Reverend the Hon. Charles Amyand Harris (1813–1874), third son of the second Earl, was a clergyman and served as Bishop of Gibraltar from 1868 to 1873.
The present family seat is Greywell Hill House, near Farnham, Hampshire. The former seat was Heron Court (or Hern Court or Hurn Court) at Hurn, near Christchurch, Dorset (although within the historic county boundaries of Hampshire).
Earls of Malmesbury (1800)
- James Harris, 1st Earl of Malmesbury (1746–1820)
- James Edward Harris, 2nd Earl of Malmesbury (1778–1841)
- James Howard Harris, 3rd Earl of Malmesbury (1807–1889)
- Edward James Harris, 4th Earl of Malmesbury (1842–1899)
- James Edward Harris, 5th Earl of Malmesbury (1872–1950)
- William James Harris, 6th Earl of Malmesbury (1907–2000)
- James Carleton Harris, 7th Earl of Malmesbury (b. 1946)
The heir apparent is the present holder's eldest son James Hugh Carleton Harris, Viscount FitzHarris (b. 1970).
The heir apparent's heir apparent is his son Hon. James Michael Oswald Harris (b. 1999)
On 22 December 1716, Philip Wharton, 1st Duke of Wharton was created Duke of Northumberland, Marquess of Woburn, Earl of Malmesbury and Viscount Winchendon, all in the Jacobite Peerage of England. The peerages, such as they were, became extinct on his death on 1 June 1731.
|Ancestors of Earl of Malmesbury|
- "No. 15317". The London Gazette. 6 December 1788. p. 1375.
- "No. 13024". The London Gazette. 13 September 1788. p. 437.
- Melville de Massue de Ruvigny, The Jacobite Peerage, Baronetage, Knightage & Grants of Honour (Edinburgh: T.C. & E.C. Jack, 1904), 130-132
- Kidd, Charles & Williamson, David (editors). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage (1990 edition). New York: St Martin's Press, 1990.
- Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages [self-published source][better source needed]
- Stephen, Leslie; Lee, Sidney, eds. (1891). . Dictionary of National Biography. 25. London: Smith, Elder & Co.