Mantion–Meax languages

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Mantion–Meax
East Bird's Head
Geographic
distribution
Papua
Linguistic classificationWest Papuan?
  • (extended) East Bird's Head
    • Mantion–Meax
Subdivisions
  • Mantion
  • Meax
Glottologeast1459[1]
East Bird's Head languages.png
East Bird's Head languages (in red)

The Mantion–Meax or (South)East Bird's Head languages are a language family of three languages in the "Bird's Head Peninsula" of western New Guinea, spoken by all together 20,000 people.

Classification[edit]

East Bird's Head stock (3 languages)

Pronouns[edit]

The pronouns Ross reconstructs for the proto-language (Usher's Southeast Bird's Head) are:

Number
Person Singular Plural
exclusive inclusive
1st *da, *di- *meme, *me- *mimi, *mi-
2nd *ba, *bi- *ia, *i-
3rd *e, *- *rua, *ri-

Basic vocabulary[edit]

Lexical similarities among East Bird's Head languages (Meyah, Moskona, Sougb, Hatam, Mansim) listed in Holton & Klamer (2018):[2]

East Bird's Head family basic vocabulary
gloss Meyah Moskona Sougb Hatam Mansim
‘bird’ mem mem ba hab waw
‘louse’ mej mej mem mem
‘one’ egens erges hom gom wom
‘night’ motu mot loba mmun
‘I’ didif dif dan dani danu

Additional East Bird's Head basic vocabulary quoted by Holton & Klamer (2018)[2] from Miedema & Reesink (2004: 34) and (Reesink 2005: 202), showing diverse non-cognate vocabulary across different branches:[3][4]

Additional East Bird's Head basic vocabulary
gloss Meyah Moskona Sougb Hatam
arm/hand etma etma s(i)ra ndab
leg/foot aki egak/oko ohora mig
house mod mod tu ig
good oufa ojfa eigouh kei
dog mes mes mihi nsien
pig mek mek hwej nab
chicken mongkukar memkoar berougb guri
louse mej mej mem mem
water/river mei mij uhu nyei
banana meni nej wida

The following basic vocabulary words are from the Trans-New Guinea database:[5]

gloss Manikion Meyah Meyah (Akrin dialect) Meyah (Mumbrani dialect) Meyah (Etskebi dialect) Meyah (Miun dialect) Meyah (Anason dialect) Moskona Moskona (Merdey dialect)
head mogt ibirfa méwifa miːfa méwèr èwit iwir ibre biwèr
hair mokodi feji méwifesi miːfèsyi meyfreits iwirèfes iwirèreys feja biwèrfesyé
eye ma-i resi itec yetèts mitèt eytet(s) mèntèt mèteys iteja bitèts
tooth mokta bufon mufon mufon bufon(afon) fon mefon ifon mu(o)fuon
leg mohoti-muʔ maki maki maːki meyak ipèk ikak igaka daki
louse kuta mec mèːt mè(i)t(s) meys mais meys meyds mèts
dog mehi mes mès mès mèt(y) mèyt mèt mès
pig hweij mek mèk mèk -ui; mèk-us mèk mèk mèːk mèk
bird ba mem mèm mèm mèm mèm meːm mem mèm
egg moʔwuʔ ofou òfeu afo(i) ofo(i) mémafu(i) afeː efiː ofug ofow
blood mokuhi mugufu okguwu m(u)fora -axof aguf agof ifugwa oxwofi
bone mori mofora acfora (m)ogu(e) afar or c(a)fon ikofa ofora
skin mos mofos a(o)wos muos menkar afuots awuot(y) mosho muos
tree sako merga mèga òkàwu(n) merga apow akow mergowoho okow
man giji nuna dusnok mona iːs isosk isnok eris runa
sun idesi; igda mowa mowa mauwa mauw mouw mauwa mau mou
water tohu mei mey mey miː mey miy mei mey
fire smow mowoxo maːx maːx merax maːx merax merah mèrax
stone idahabu mamu mamu mami mox(w)om mekom maukom mamo muosgoni
name moxo mofoka dufòkah mufaka bou(y)ok ifap iwuok iwoko buoka
eat eth etmar mit miːt mièt mit menèt itmar bitmar
one hom ergens èrgèns èrgèns èrgèns afims arfins erges èrgèns
two huay ergek ègeka èrgèk argak afik èrfik ergak ergak

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "East Bird's Head". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. ^ a b Holton, Gary; Klamer, Marian (2018). "The Papuan languages of East Nusantara and the Bird's Head". In Palmer, Bill (ed.). The Languages and Linguistics of the New Guinea Area: A Comprehensive Guide. The World of Linguistics. 4. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. pp. 569–640. ISBN 978-3-11-028642-7.
  3. ^ Miedema, Jelle and Ger P. Reesink. 2004. One Head, Many Faces: New perspectives on the Bird’s Head Peninsula of New Guinea. Leiden: KITLV.
  4. ^ Reesink, Ger P. 2005. West Papuan languages: roots and development. In: Pawley et al. (eds.) 185–218.
  5. ^ Greenhill, Simon (2016). "TransNewGuinea.org - database of the languages of New Guinea". Retrieved 2020-11-05.

Further reading[edit]

  • Reesink, Ger P. (2002). "The Eastern Bird's Head Languages Compared". In Ger P. Reesink (ed.). Languages of the Eastern Bird's Head. Pacific Linguistics. 524. Canberra: Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, Australian National University. pp. 1–44. hdl:1885/146144.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)

External links[edit]