East Strickland languages

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East Strickland
Strickland River
Western Province and South Highlands Province, Papua New Guinea
Linguistic classificationPapuan Gulf ?
  • Strickland
    • East Strickland
East Strickland languages.svg
Map: The East Strickland languages of New Guinea
  The East Strickland languages
  Trans–New Guinea languages
  Other Papuan languages
  Austronesian languages

The East Strickland languages are a family of Trans–New Guinea languages in the classification of Malcolm Ross.


The East Strickland languages actually form a language continuum.[2] Shaw (1986) recognizes six languages, which are:[3]

The Central languages are clearly related.

Gobasi, Odoodee and Samo, but especially Gobasi, are also known as "Nomad".


Pronouns are:

sg du pl
1 *na, *ã *o-li, *a-la *oi
2 *nõ *nĩ-le *nĩ
3 *yõ *i-le *yã, *di


East Strickland reflexes of proto-Trans-New Guinea (pTNG) etyma are:[2]

Samo language:

  • (da)subu ‘ashes’ < *sumbu
  • si- ‘burn’ < *nj(a,e,i)-
  • na- ‘eat’ < *na-
  • magara ‘mouth’ < *maŋgat[a]
  • korofu ‘skin’ < *(ŋg,k)a(n,t)apu
  • mere(ma) ‘tongue’ < *me(l,n)e
  • mini ‘nose’ < *mundu

Bibo language:

  • (da)suf ‘ashes’ < *sumbu

Agala language:

  • fulu(ma) ali ‘to fly’ < *pululu-


  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "East Strickland". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. ^ a b Pawley, Andrew; Hammarström, Harald (2018). "The Trans New Guinea family". In Palmer, Bill (ed.). The Languages and Linguistics of the New Guinea Area: A Comprehensive Guide. The World of Linguistics. 4. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. pp. 21–196. ISBN 978-3-11-028642-7.
  3. ^ Shaw, Daniel. 1986. The Bosavi language family. In Papers in New Guinea Linguistics 24, 45-76. Canberra: Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, Australian National University. (Papers in New Guinea linguistics No. 24, 45-76).
  • Ross, Malcolm (2005). "Pronouns as a preliminary diagnostic for grouping Papuan languages". In Andrew Pawley; Robert Attenborough; Robin Hide; Jack Golson (eds.). Papuan pasts: cultural, linguistic and biological histories of Papuan-speaking peoples. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. pp. 15–66. ISBN 0858835622. OCLC 67292782.