East Surrey (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of East Surrey in Surrey
Location of Surrey within England
|Electorate||77,145 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Caterham, Whyteleafe, Warlingham, Lingfield, Woldingham, Godstone, Horley, Oxted, Limpsfield, Tatsfield|
|Member of Parliament||Claire Coutinho (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||eastern parts of: Reigate (Surrey S.E.)|
Wimbledon (Surrey N.E.)
|Number of members||Two|
|Type of constituency||County constituency|
|Replaced by||in the metropolis:|
to the south
Reigate or S.E. division (included Godstone and other southern areas of the later East Surrey creation)
Wimbledon or N.E. division (included Caterham, Chelsham, Farleigh, Whyteleafe and Warlingham of the later East Surrey creation)
|Created from||Bletchingley, Gatton and Surrey|
|During its existence contributed to new seat(s) of:||Mid Surrey (in 1868)|
East Surrey is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2019 by Claire Coutinho of the Conservative party since 2019 . Its record is that of a Conservative safe seat based on time and opposition. It has elected a Conservative Party MP on an absolute majority since the seat's establishment, in 1918, and its greatest share of the vote for any opposition candidate was 33.75% in February 1974.[n 2]
- 1 Boundaries
- 2 Constituency profile
- 3 History
- 4 Members of Parliament
- 5 Elections
- 5.1 Elections in the 2010s
- 5.2 Elections in the 2000s
- 5.3 Elections in the 1990s
- 5.4 Elections in the 1980s
- 5.5 Elections in the 1970s
- 5.6 Elections in the 1960s
- 5.7 Elections in the 1950s
- 5.8 Election in the 1940s
- 5.9 Elections in the 1930s
- 5.10 Elections in the 1920s
- 5.11 Elections in the 1910s
- 5.12 Elections in the 1880s
- 5.13 Elections in the 1870s
- 5.14 Elections in the 1860s
- 5.15 Elections in the 1850s
- 5.16 Elections in the 1840s
- 6 See also
- 7 Notes and references
- 8 Sources
1832–1868: The Hundreds of Brixton, Kingston, Reigate, Tandridge and Wallington.
1868–1885: The Hundred of Tandridge, and so much of the Hundred of Wallington as included and lay to the east of the parishes of Croydon and Sanderstead, and so much of the Hundred of Brixton as included and lay to the east of the parishes of Streatham, Clapham and Lambeth.
For period to 1918 see completely new single-member Wimbledon and Reigate seats, also termed N.E. and S.E. Divisions of Surrey.
1918–1950: The Urban Districts of Caterham, and Coulsdon and Purley, and the Rural District of Godstone.
1950–1974: The Urban Districts of Caterham and Warlingham, and Coulsdon and Purley.
1974–1983: The Urban District of Caterham and Warlingham, and the Rural District of Godstone.
1983–1997: The District of Tandridge. (Equivalent to the above)
1997–2010: The District of Tandridge, and the Borough of Reigate and Banstead wards of Horley East and Horley West.
2010–present: As above plus Horley Central.
East Surrey is a well-connected inner Home Counties seat, combining the town of Horley with Surrey's residual District Tandridge (as opposed to Boroughs which the other 10 parts have been created) which is made up of Caterham and modest commuter settlements, farming and retirement homes. Horley is one of two towns adjoining London Gatwick Airport and part of Reigate and Banstead borough. The area borders the London Borough of Croydon to the north, the county of Kent to the east, and the county of West Sussex to the south.
The northern part of the seat is inside the M25 motorway — Caterham, Whyteleafe and Warlingham form green-buffered, elevated commuter belt, with good rail connections to Central London and well-connected by all modes of transport to Croydon. Elsewhere, the seat is more rural and includes a low part of the Greensand Ridge and features woodland and many golf courses.
The Conservatives have prevented any opposition party achieving more than 33.75% of the vote since 1974; including at the 1997 and 2001 United Kingdom general elections when opposition was greatest nationally in Conservative safe seats.
Most local wards are won by the Conservatives with the Liberal Democrats often picking up seats somewhere in the dual-council system, particularly in Whyteleafe or Caterham Valley. As is typical in seats of this kind, the Labour vote is typically very modest. The party finished in third place at the elections between 1959 and 2015. In 2017 the party's candidate polled second, in a poorer showing for the Liberal Democrats and the party's "Corbyn Surge". The early twenty-first century saw UKIP poll approximately as strongly as Lib Dems historically. The area saw a majority vote in favour of Brexit in the 2016 EU Referendum; whereas the sitting MP Sam Gyimah opposed Brexit.
Victorian dual-member constituency 1832-1885
The 13th century-created, dual-member constituency for the county took in over a third of today's Greater London and its population far exceeded the average for a county. It was recognised as needing or meriting four MPs, so division, under the Great Reform Act, 1832.
- Reigate (its double representation halved, which kept a narrow franchise and completely abolished 1868).
- Lambeth, to be subdivided in 1885.
- Southwark, to be subdivided in 1885.
Often known as the Eastern Division of Surrey or Surrey Eastern, its enfranchised adult male property owners elected two MPs by bloc vote (a voter has a vote for each current vacancy). Notable, clockwise from north, outer reaches were Southwark, Rotherhithe, Addington, Lingfield, Charlwood, Buckland, Surrey, Cheam, Kingston upon Thames and Richmond (see map, top right).
The area was split in two, doubling representation, under the Second Reform Act, starting from the 1868 general election; the area was still under-represented as shown by the setting up of a net increase of 14 metropolitan seats in 1885.
The Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 went much further than the 1832 Act towards equal representation around the country. It here reflected growth in the county's population. Thus for elections from 1885 dual-member West, Mid Surrey and East Surrey dissipated to allow the creation of 16 rather than just 2 metropolitan Surrey seats (Lambeth and Southwark which saw subdivision) and these "county" seats:
- The North-Western or Chertsey Division (usually recorded as Chertsey, Surrey N.W. or North-West) - included Woking and Egham
- The South-Western or Guildford Division (as style shown above) - included Godalming, Farnham and surrounds
- The South-Eastern or Reigate Division (as style shown above) - included Dorking sessional division save for two parishes in No. 4.
- The Mid or Epsom Division (as style shown above) - included Kingston's southern and eastern sessional division components
- The Kingston Division (invariably Kingston or Kingston-upon-Thames) - included Richmond
- The North-Eastern or Wimbledon Division (as style shown above) - included sessional division of Croydon except its core and north in the Metropolis; plus Caterham, Chelsham, Farley, Warlingham.
Seat created in 1918
In 1918 the constituency was re-established in dwarf form, taking rural and nascent very suburban parts of South East Surrey ("Reigate") and North East Surrey ("Wimbledon"), and for the first time electing only one MP. It covered from the south of Croydon to the Kent and West Sussex borders. It was to remain entred on Lingfield, Oxted, Limpsfield, Godstone, Caterham and Woldingham.
In 1950 East Surrey lost Addington parish on the eastern fringe of Croydon to the 1918-formed Croydon South seat, and its southern half to Reigate. In 1974 the north-west of the area became part of Croydon South, reflecting the 1965 transfer of Purley and Coulsdon to the London Borough of Croydon in the new Greater London which then replaced the London County Council. The seat regained essentially the same land as it had lost to Reigate in 1950. Its MP until 1974, William Clark, won the new Croydon South in that year's February election. Clark's successor, Sir Geoffrey Howe, later became Chancellor of the Exchequer and Foreign Secretary in Margaret Thatcher's cabinet.
Members of Parliament
|Election||First member||1st Party||Main home||Second member||2nd Party||Main home|
|1832||John Ivatt Briscoe||Whig||Botleys, Chertsey||Aubrey Beauclerk||Radical||St Leonards Lodge (Leonardslee), Horsham, Sussex and|
Ardglass Castle, County Down
|1835||Richard Alsager (see below)||Conservative||Unknown house, Upper Tooting|
|1837||Henry Kemble||Conservative||Grove Hill, Camberwell|
|1841 by-election||Edmund Antrobus||Conservative||Antrobus Hall, Cheshire and|
Amesbury Abbey, Wiltshire
|1847||Peter Locke King||Whig||Brooklands, Weybridge and
38 Dover Street, St James's
|Thomas Alcock||Whig||Ringwood Lodge, Redhill/Reigate|
|1865||Charles Buxton||Liberal||Foxwarren Park in West Surrey|
|1871 by-election||James Watney||Conservative||Haling Park, Beddington, Croydon and|
Thorney House, Palace Gate, Kensington
|1874||William Grantham||Conservative||100 Eaton Square, Westminster and|
Barcombe Place, Sussex
Cpt. Richard Alsager (elected 1835, re-elected 1837, died 17 January 1841) made 15 contributions reaching Hansard, spanning 1835 to 1839 only. His home was in and he died at Upper Tooting, at the time one of 23 directors of Globe Insurance. He was one also of the Imperial Gas Light and Coke Company. His will passed less than the headline bracket of £30,000, its executor was Elizabeth Beatrice, his widow.
MPs since 1918
|1918||Sir Stuart Coats, Bt||Conservative|
|Feb 1974||Geoffrey Howe||Conservative||Later Lord Howe of Aberavon; Cabinet minister 1979–1990|
|1992||Peter Ainsworth||Conservative||Opposition frontbencher (1998–2009)|
|2010||Sam Gyimah||Conservative||Government frontbencher under David Cameron and Theresa May|
|2019||Liberal Democrats||Conservative whip removed in September 2019 and joined the Liberal Democrats as a result|
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrats||Alexander Ehmann||11,584||19.4||8.9|
|Monster Raving Loony||Martin Hogbin||521||0.9||N/A|
|Liberal Democrats||David Lee||6,197||10.5||+1.2|
|Liberal Democrats||David Lee||5,189||9.2||-16.6|
|Liberal Democrats||David Lee||14,133||25.9||+2.0|
|Monster Raving Loony||Martin Hogbin||422||0.8||New|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrats||Jeremy Pursehouse||11,738||23.8||-0.6|
|Legalise Cannabis||Winston Matthews||410||0.8||+0.8|
|Liberal Democrats||Jeremy Pursehouse||11,503||24.4||+1.9|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrats||Belinda Ford||12,296||22.5||-4.4|
|Natural Law||Susan Bartrum||173||0.3|
This constituency underwent boundary changes between the 1992 and 1997 general elections and thus change in share of vote is based on a notional calculation.
|Liberal Democrats||Robert L. Tomlin||12,111||25.4||+1.4|
|Labour||Gill M. Roles||5,075||10.6||+0.2|
|Green||Ian T. Kilpatrick||819||1.7||−0.6|
Elections in the 1980s
Elections in the 1970s
|National Front||D. Smith||452||1.00|
|Liberal||Percy W. Meyer||11,749||20.36|
|Labour||Michael D. Simmons||10,186||17.65|
Elections in the 1960s
|Liberal||Michael R Lane||16,407||28.96|
|Liberal||Michael R Lane||16,049||28.21|
|Labour||James Stewart Cook||9,020||15.85|
Elections in the 1950s
|Labour||James C Hunt||10,102||17.79|
|Labour||Jean Graham Hall||12,567||25.21|
Election in the 1940s
|Labour||Henry Edward Weaver||17,708||30.36|
|Liberal||Donald Phillip Owen||9,495||16.28|
Elections in the 1930s
General Election 1939/40:
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;
- Conservative: Charles Emmott
|Labour||Henry Edward Weaver||9,025||21.09|
Elections in the 1920s
|Labour||Robert Oscar Mennell||5,152||16.0|
|Labour||Robert Oscar Mennell||3,249||16.9||n/a|
Elections in the 1910s
|Unionist win (new seat)|
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
Elections in the 1880s
|Liberal||William F Robinson||5,978||21.3||−0.6|
|Liberal||George Webb Medley||5,928||21.2||+0.7|
|Turnout||14,008 (est)||73.8 (est)||+6.2|
Elections in the 1870s
|Liberal||John Peter Gassiot||4,015||20.5||−5.6|
|Turnout||9,780 (est)||67.6 (est)||−1.5|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+5.6|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+5.6|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+12.4|
- Caused by Buxton's death.
Elections in the 1860s
|Turnout||7,550 (est)||69.1 (est)||+1.1|
|Turnout||6,739 (est)||68.0 (est)||+0.1|
Elections in the 1850s
|Turnout||4,990 (est)||67.9 (est)||N/A|
|Turnout||4,500 (est)||68.0 (est)||N/A|
Elections in the 1840s
|Whig gain from Conservative|
|Whig gain from Conservative|
- Caused by Alsager's death.
- 2005 United Kingdom general election result in Surrey
- List of Parliamentary constituencies in Surrey
Notes and references
- "Electorate figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Gyimah, Sam (2019-09-03). "Today I voted against the government in order to a stop no deal Brexit. I along with 20 colleagues have had the Conservative Whip removed. I will continue to fight for the interests of my constituents as their MP". @SamGyimah. Retrieved 2019-09-03.
- Savage, Michael (14 September 2019). "Sam Gyimah rejects 'populist Johnson' as he joins Lib Dems". The Guardian.
- "The statutes of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. 2 & 3 William IV. Cap. LXIV. An Act to settle and describe the Divisions of Counties, and the Limits of Cities and Boroughs, in England and Wales, in so far as respects the Election of Members to serve in Parliament". London: His Majesty's statute and law printers. 1832. pp. 300–383. Retrieved 2017-07-27.
- "Representation of the People Act 1867" (PDF). Retrieved 2017-07-27.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "S" (part 6)
- Craig, F. W. S. (1989) . British parliamentary election results 1832–1885 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 465–466. ISBN 0-900178-26-4.
- Stooks Smith, Henry (1845). The Parliaments of England, from 1st George I., to the Present Time. Vol II: Oxfordshire to Wales Inclusive. London: Simpkin, Marshall, & Co. p. 65. Retrieved 28 May 2019 – via Google Books.
- Churton, Edward (1838). The Assembled Commons or Parliamentary Biographer: 1838. p. 38. Retrieved 22 December 2018 – via Google Books.
- "John Ivatt Briscoe". Legacies of British Slave-ownership. University College London. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
- "Pamphlet: A Letter on the Nature and Effects of the Tread-Wheel". British Library. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
- A Member of the Middle Temple (1838). The Assembled Commons or Parliamentary Biographer: With An Abstract of the Law of Election, and the Usages of Parliament. London: Scott, Webster, and Geary. pp. 38, 70 – via Google Books.
- Labour and Radical Politics: 1762–1937. Abingdon: Routledge. 2018. p. 47. ISBN 978-0-415-26570-6. Retrieved 28 May 2019 – via Google Books.
- Campbell, Flann (1993). "The Elusive Mr Ogilvie". Familia: Ulster Genealogical Review. Ulster Historical Foundation. 2 (9): 42. ISBN 0-901905-61-5. Retrieved 28 May 2019 – via Google Books.
- Churton, Edward (1836). The Assembled Commons or Parliamentary Biographer: 1836. p. 16. Retrieved 28 May 2019 – via Google Books.
- "The General Election". Morning Post. 24 July 1847. p. 3. Retrieved 18 August 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Bell's Weekly Messenger". 19 July 1847. p. 5. Retrieved 18 August 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Preston Chronicle (Preston, England), Saturday, January 23, 1841; Issue 1482. British Library Newspapers, Part I: 1800-1900
- The Examiner (London, England), Sunday, January 24, 1841; Issue 1721. British Library Newspapers, Part I: 1800-1900.
- Trewman's Exeter Flying Post or Plymouth and Cornish Advertiser (Exeter, England), Thursday, January 7, 1841; Issue 3919. British Library Newspapers, Part I: 1800-1900.
- The Morning Chronicle (London, England), Monday, April 5, 1841; Issue 22264. British Library Newspapers, Part I: 1800-1900
- Hampshire Telegraph and Sussex Chronicle etc (Portsmouth, England), Monday, March 1, 1841; Issue 2160. British Library Newspapers, Part I: 1800-1900.
- Major boundary changes to the constituency took place for this election
- "Surrey East parliamentary constituency – Election 2017". BBC News. 9 June 2017. Retrieved 20 June 2018.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Surrey East parliamentary constituency – Election 2017" – via www.bbc.co.uk.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- HALL, Her Honour Jean Graham’, Who Was Who, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc, 1920–2016; online edn, Oxford University Press, 2014 ; online edn, April 2014 accessed 22 Sept 2017[permanent dead link]
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–1949, FWS Craig
- Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832–1885 (e-book)
|url=(help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. p. 466. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
- "To The Electors of East Surrey". Croydon Guardian and Surrey County Gazette. 13 March 1880. p. 4. Retrieved 22 December 2017.
- "MEDLEY AND WEBB IMAGES AND BIOGRAPHICAL NOTES 3". Jamaican Family Search. Retrieved 22 December 2017.
- "East Surrey Election". Huddersfield Chronicle. 26 August 1871. p. 3. Retrieved 21 January 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Surrey Election". London Evening Standard. 3 November 1868. p. 1. Retrieved 18 March 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Surrey Election". Hampshire Advertiser. 7 November 1868. pp. 10–11. Retrieved 18 March 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Election result, 2010 BBC News
- Election result, 2005 BBC News
- Election results, 1997 – 2001 BBC News
- Election results, 1997 – 2001 Election Demon
- Election results, 1983 – 1992 Election Demon
- Election results, 1992 – 2010 The Guardian
- Election results, 1945 – 1979 Politics Resources
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
| Constituency represented by the Chancellor of the Exchequer