Economy of Rajasthan

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Economy of Rajasthan
Rajasthan Assembly.jpg
Statistics
PopulationIncrease 80,651,410 (2021 est.)[2]
68,548,437 (2011)[3]
GDP10.20 lakh crore (US$140 billion) (2019–20)[4]
GDP rank8th
GDP growth
5% (2019-20 est.)[5]
GDP per capita
118,159 (US$1,700) (2019–20)[4]
GDP per capita rank
21st
GDP by sector
Agriculture 25%
Industry 28%
Services 47% (2019–20)[5]
Population below poverty line
Positive decrease 14.71% in poverty (2018-19)[6]
Increase 0.629 [7]
Labour force by occupation
Agriculture 44%
Industry 8%
Services 47% (2015)[5]
Unemployment5% (2017-18)[5]
Public finances
33.1% of GSDP (2020–21 est.)[5]
-33,923 crore (US$−4.8 billion) (3% of GSDP) (2020–21 est.)[5]
Revenues1.80 lakh crore (US$25 billion) (2020–21 est.)[5]
Expenses2.26 lakh crore (US$32 billion) (2020–21 est.)[5]

All values, unless otherwise stated, are in US dollars.
Bajra field

Rajasthan is a mineral-rich state and has a diversified economy having agriculture, mining and tourism as its main engines of growth. The state mines produce gold, silver, sandstone, limestone, marble, rock phosphate, copper and lignite. It is the second-largest producer of cement and contributes one tenth of the salt produced in India.[8]

Agriculture[edit]

4 KLM Village
Mustard fields in a village of Rajasthan

Wheat[9] and barley are cultivated in large areas, as are pulses, sugarcane, and oilseeds. Cotton and tobacco are cash crops. Rajasthan is among the largest producers of edible oils in India and the second largest producer of oilseeds. Rajasthan is also the biggest wool-producing state in India. There are mainly two crop seasons Kharif and Rabi. The main source of irrigation is wells and tanks. The Indira Gandhi Canal irrigates northwestern Rajasthan.

Rajasthan is the largest producer of rapeseed, bajra, mustard and wool in India and the second largest producer of oilseeds and spices and milk. Rajasthan is third largest producer of soya bean and coarse cereals in India.[10]

Rajasthan is also the leading producer of milk in North India. Saras milk product brand of Rajasthan Co-operative Milk Producer Union has its outlets in Jaipur and New Delhi.

Industries[edit]

Rajasthan is 12th leading investment destination in India after Maharashtra, Gujarat, Delhi, West Bengal, etc. because of its environment, law and order situation, infrastructure, investment climate and favourable population density.[citation needed] Areas facing NCR such as Bhiwadi are now popular with automobile and manufacturing companies.[citation needed] Many of the small scale suppliers and vendors have opted to shift inside Rajasthan border from Gurgaon in Haryana because of power shortage and infrastructure issues there.[citation needed]. But persistent law and order problem in far-away industrial belt is a growing cause of concern.

Rajasthan State Industrial Development and Investment Corporation provides facilities for development. Rajasthan is now the preferred destination for IT companies,[citation needed] & North India's largest integrated IT park is located in Jaipur and is named as Mahindra World City Jaipur covering nearly 3,000 acres (12 km2) of land. Some of the companies operating in Rajasthan include Infosys, Genpact, Wipro, Truworth, Deusche Bank, NEI, MICO, Honda Siel Cars, Coca-Cola, Gillete etc.

Mining[edit]

Rajasthan is pre-eminent in quarrying and mining in India. Hindustan Zinc, headquartered in Udaipur, Rajasthan is India's only and world's leading integrated zinc, lead and silver producer. With its large scale operations of smelting and mining in various districts of Rajasthan, the company has contributed to the socio-economic development of the state.[citation needed] The state is the largest source of cement. Rajasthan is the largest cement-producing state of India. It has rich salt deposits at Sambhar, copper mines at Khetri and zinc mines at Dariba and Zawar. This is a chart of output of major minerals of Rajasthan.

Mineral National Share
Wollastonite 100%
Jasper 100%
Zinc concentrate 99%
Fluorite 96%
Gypsum 93%
Marble 90%
Asbestos 89%
Soapstone 87%
Lead concentrate 80%
Phosphate rock 75%
Ball clay 71%
Calcite 70%
Sandstone 70%
Flaggy limestone 70%
Feldspar 70%

Tourism[edit]

Tourism is flourishing in Rajasthan.[citation needed] The palaces of Jaipur, lakes of Udaipur, and desert forts of Jodhpur, Bikaner & Jaisalmer are among the most common destinations for tourists. Tourism accounts for sixteen percent [11] of the state's domestic product. Many old and neglected palaces and forts have been converted into heritage hotels. Tourism has increased employment in the hospitality sector.

Handicrafts[edit]

A spin-off of tourism has been the growth of the handicrafts industry. Bassi and Molella villages in Chittorgarh are well known for their wooden and clay handicraft items respectively. Blue pottery of Jaipur and ustta Kalan of Bikaner are also famous around the globe.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Rajasthan Assembly". People. Retrieved 13 July 2020.
  2. ^ http://www.populationu.com/in/rajasthan-population
  3. ^ http://censusindia.gov.in/2011census/censusinfodashboard/stock/profiles/en/IND008_Rajasthan.pdf
  4. ^ a b "MOSPI Net State Domestic Product, Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of India". Retrieved 7 April 2020.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h "Rajasthan Budget Analysis 2020-21". PRS Legislative Research. Retrieved 2 March 2020.
  6. ^ "SDGs India Index web". Retrieved 13 July 2020.
  7. ^ {{https://hdi.globaldatalab.org/areadata/shdi/
  8. ^ "Economy of Rajasthan". Mapsofindia.com. Retrieved 2016-08-07.
  9. ^ Share on FacebookShare on Twitter (2016-03-20). "Rajasthan tops in wheat production - Times of India". Timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 2016-08-07.
  10. ^ "Macro overview of Economy of Rajasthan". Just Wiki. 2016-07-11. Archived from the original on 2016-08-18. Retrieved 2016-08-07.
  11. ^ "Rajasthan Economy". business.mapsofindia.com. Retrieved 2017-01-10.