Education in Niger
Education in Niger, like that in other developing nations, particularly in the Sahelian region of Africa, faces challenges from poverty and poor access to schools. Although education is compulsory between the ages of seven and fifteen, Niger has one of the lowest literacy rates in the world.
Organization of formal education
The education system of Niger is organized as such:
- Pre-school (préscolaire)
- Primary school (enseignement primaire) (6 years)
- Secondary school (enseignement secondaire)
- 1st cycle (4 years)
- 2nd cycle (3 years)
- Higher education
- University: license (3 years), master's (2 years), doctorate (3 years)
- Technical institutes: DUT (University Technical Diploma Diplôme Universitaire de Technologie (2 years)
Primary education is composed of six grades:
- C.I. (Cours d’Initiation or Initiation Class)
- C.P. (Cours Préparatoire or Preparatory Class)
- C.E.1 (Cours Élémentaire 1 or Elementary Class 1)
- C.E.2 (Cours Élémentaire 2 or Elementary Class 2)
- CM1 (Cours Moyen 1 or Middle Class 1)
- CM2 (Cours Moyen 2 or Middle Class 2)
Names of classes starting with CP come from the French system. CI was added to "initiate" students to the French language, which is the language of education in most schools.
Completion of primary school is sanctioned by a national exam. Successful candidates at the exam are awarded a certificate of completion of primary education or CFEPD (abbreviated from the French certificat de fin d'études du premier degré). The World Bank cites the UNESCO Institute for Statistics' current estimate of primary school enrollment at 71%, though this figure is inflated because it counts the many overage children who are still in primary school.
Some schools in Niger are trying a new approach to bring more girls into classrooms. However, there remains a disparity between the enrollment of boys and girls: from 51.57% and 48.43% in the first year for boys and girls, respectively. The enrollment decreases to 46.31% for girls by the end of primary school based on 2010 statistics.
There are five universities in Niger. The first and biggest, the Abdou Moumouni University in Niamey was founded as the University of Niamey in 1974. The Islamic University of Niger in Say was opened in 1986. In 2008, two public universities, the University of Zinder in Zinder and University of Maradi in Maradi were created. In 2010, the University of Tahoua or Universite de Tahoua was created in Tahoua. In 2014, it was announced that four additional universities will be created in Agadez, Diffa, Dosso and Tillaberi.
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