Edward Villiers (Master of the Mint)
Sir Edward Villiers
Portrait of Sir Edward Villiers by Gortzius Geldorp
Kingdom of England
|Died||7 September, 1626 (aged 40–41)|
Collegiate Church of St Mary Youghal, Ireland
|Spouse(s)||Barbara St. John|
|Father||Sir George Villiers|
|Occupation||Politician and Knight|
Edward Villiers, born about 1585, was the second son of Sir George Villiers by his first wife, Audrey Saunders (d.1587), the daughter and heir of William Saunders (d. 14 July 1582) of Harrington, Northamptonshire by Frances Zouche, the daughter of William Zouche of Bulwick, Northamptonshire, son of John Zouche, 7th Baron Zouche (c.1440-1527) of Harringworth, who fought for Richard III at Bosworth.
He had an elder brother, Sir William Villiers (d. 12 June 1629), created a baronet in 1619, who married Rebecca Roper, daughter and co-heir of Robert Roper, esquire, by Elizabeth Nott, the daughter of William Nott, esquire, of Thames Ditton; and three sisters, Elizabeth Villiers (d.1654), who married John Boteler, 1st Baron Boteler of Brantfield; Anne Villiers, who married Sir William Washington, brother of Lawrence Washington, ancestor of George Washington; and Frances Villiers, who died without issue.
By his father's second marriage he was a half-brother of James I's favourite, George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham; John Villiers, 1st Viscount Purbeck; and Christopher Villiers, 1st Earl of Anglesey.
Villiers was knighted on 7 September 1616. In October 1617, he succeeded Sir Richard Martin as Master of the Mint (until 1623), and in November 1618 he became comptroller of the Court of Wards. From 1623 until his death he was Warden of the Mint.
On 30 December 1620 Villiers was elected as one of the members of parliament for Westminster. In the same month he was sent to Frederick V, Elector Palatine. to say that assistance would be given to him, but only on condition that he entered into an agreement to relinquish the crown of Bohemia. Villiers returned before May and took his seat in parliament, but was in that month temporarily excluded from the house for attempting to speak on the question of a patent, in which he was personally interested (the gold and silver patent in which Villiers had invested £4,000 in 1617, and from which he derived an income of £500 annually). His conduct was vindicated in the inquiry by the House of Lords in June, and Villiers was allowed to resume his seat in the Commons. In September he was again sent to the Elector Frederick, then serving with the Dutch army, to persuade him to withdraw from it and submit to the Holy Roman Emperor. On 23 September 1622 he was granted a lease of the customs and subsidies on gold and silver thread on condition of surrendering the mastership of the mint, but the latter office was restored to him in July 1624. He was re-elected as a member of parliament for Westminster on 22 January 1624 to sit in what became known as the Happy Parliament, and on 25 April 1625 to sit in the Useless Parliament. In August 1625 he asked the Commons to prevent a dissolution by desisting from their attack on his half-brother Buckingham.
Meanwhile, James I, in January 1625, appointed Villiers Lord President of Munster; the appointment was confirmed by Charles I on 6 May, and in August Villiers went to Ireland to assume his duties. He held the post little over a year, and was absent for several months during that period.
Marriage and issue
Villiers married, circa 1612, Barbara St John, daughter of Sir John St John (c. 1552-1594) of Lydiard Tregoze, Wiltshire and Lucy Hungerford (1560-1598), daughter of Sir Walter Hungerford (c.1526-1596) of Farleigh Castle, Somerset, by Anne Dormer (1525-1603), by whom he had ten children. Villiers' wife was the niece of Oliver St John, created Viscount Grandison on 3 January 1612. Grandison had no issue, and Villier's half-brother, Buckingham, arranged for Villiers and his sons to inherit the Grandison title.
Villier's eldest son William Villiers, who succeeded as 2nd Viscount Grandison in 1630, and was father of Barbara Villiers, Duchess of Cleveland, mistress of Charles II. Villiers's second and third sons, John Villiers and George Villiers, succeeded as 3rd and 4th Viscounts Grandison. His fourth son, Sir Edward Villiers, was the father of Edward Villiers, 1st Earl of Jersey.
Villiers's widow, Barbara, died in 1672.
- Thrush 2004.
- Howard 1868, p. 159.
- Metcalfe 1887, p. 45.
- Handley 2004.
- Waters 1878, pp. 588, 595.
- Cokayne 1912, p. 229.
- Burke 1852, p. 42.
- Pollard 1899, pp. 324–325
- "Master of the Mint". Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 14 January 2012.
- Ashton 2004.
- A Who’s Who of Tudor Women: Hi-Hy, compiled by Kathy Lynn Emerson to update and correct Wives and Daughters: The Women of Sixteenth-Century England (1984) Archived 26 December 2014 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 27 August 2013.
- Ashton, D.J. (2004). "Hungerford, Walter, Baron Hungerford of Heytesbury (1503–1540)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/14183. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Burke, John Bernard (1852). A Visitation of the Seats and Arms of the Noblemen and Gentlemen of Great Britain. I. London: Henry Colburn. p. 42. Retrieved 26 August 2013.
- Cokayne, George Edward (1912). The Complete Peerage, edited by Vicary Gibbs. II. London: St. Catherine Press. p. 229.
- Craig, John (1953). The Mint: A History of the London Mint from A.D. 287 to 1948. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. pp. 142–144. ASIN B0000CIHG7.
- Handley, Stuart (2004). "Villiers, John, Viscount Purbeck (1591?–1658)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/28299. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Howard, Joseph Jackson, ed. (1868). Miscellanea Genealogica et Heraldica. I. London: Hamilton Adams. p. 159. Retrieved 26 August 2013.
- Metcalfe, Walter C., ed. (1887). The Visitations of Northamptonshire Made in 1564 and 1618–19. London: Mitchell and Hughes. p. 45. Retrieved 26 August 2013.
- Thrush, Andrew (2004). "Villiers, Sir Edward (c.1585–1626)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/28288. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Waters, Robert Edmund Chester (1878). Genealogical Memoirs of the Extinct Family of Chester of Chicheley. II. London: Hamilton Adams. pp. 588, 595. Retrieved 26 August 2013.
- Burke's Peerage and Baronetage (1939), s.v. Jersey, Earl
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Pollard, Albert Frederick (1899). "Villiers, Edward (1585?-1626)". In Lee, Sidney (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography. 58. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 324–325.
- Will of William Saunders of Harrington, Northamptonshire , proved 14 May 1584, PROB 11/67/61, National Archives Retrieved 26 August 2013
Sir Richard Martin
| Master of the Mint
Sir Randal Cranfield
|Parliament of England|
Sir Humphrey May
| Member of Parliament for Westminster
With: Edmund Doubleday 1620
William Mann 1621–1625
Sir Robert Pye