El Junquito raid

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El Junquito raid
Part of the Crisis in Venezuela
Operation Gideon.png
Government forces fire with a rocket launcher at Óscar Pérez's hideout
Date15 January 2018 (2018-01-15)
Result Death of Óscar Alberto Pérez and others

Venezuelan government

Supported by:

Venezuelan rebels
Supported by:

  • Opposition civilians
Commanders and leaders
Nicolás Maduro
Néstor Reverol
Vladimir Padrino López
Óscar Alberto Pérez  
≈500 13
Casualties and losses
3 dead, 8 injured 7 dead, 6 arrested

The El Junquito raid (Spanish: Enfrentamiento en El Junquito), whose official codename was Operation Gideon (Spanish: Operación Gedeón) also referred to as El Junquito massacre,[1][2] was a police and military raid that occurred on 15 January 2018 in El Junquito, Capital District, Venezuela, which resulted in the death of rebel Óscar Alberto Pérez and members of his movement.


2017 Caracas helicopter attack[edit]

There was no collateral damage because it was planned and because we are not murderers like you, Mr. Nicolás Maduro, as well as you, Diosdado Cabello, they mourn every day in Venezuelan homes.

Óscar Pérez[3]

For years, Venezuela has suffered from a political and economic crisis following the presidency of Hugo Chávez and his successor Nicolás Maduro. Óscar Alberto Pérez has stated that, while working as a law enforcement agent, he witnessed deep levels of corruption within the Bolivarian Government's structure, experiencing the collaboration between state authorities and pro-government gangs known as the Colectivos in acts of theft and extortion while also observing the movement of cocaine by government officials with impunity. He singled out Néstor Reverol as an official who hampered his investigations into the matters.[4]

Pérez expressed in interviews how he had thought about incorporating his helicopter skills in a protest for some time.[4] Finally in mid-June 2017, Pérez's brother was murdered near Carabobo Park in Caracas. It was determined that his brother was stabbed to death while being robbed of his cell phone.[5][4]

Weeks later on the afternoon of 27 June 2017, a video was released showing men with assault rifles flanking Pérez, stating that "We are nationalists, patriots and institutionalists. This fight is not with the rest of the state forces, it is against the tyranny of this government".[6][7]

Hours after the video was released, Pérez was seen piloting a CICPC helicopter over the Supreme Tribunal of Justice with a banner on the side reading "350 Liberty", a reference to Article 350 of the constitution which states that "The people of Venezuela ... shall disown any regime, legislation or authority that violates democratic values, principles and guarantees or encroaches upon human rights".[8] While the helicopter was near the Supreme Court, gunfire was heard in the area.[8] President Maduro stated that a military rebellion had occurred while opposition officials said that the actions were staged so Maduro could justify a crackdown on those who oppose his government and the constituent assembly.[8]

National Guard barracks operation[edit]

On 18 December, Pérez successfully implemented "Operation Genesis", which resulted in the theft of 26 rifles and 3 automatic pistols from a command station of the National Guard in Los Teques, Miranda state. The surprise attack resulted in no deaths, with Pérez and about 50 other rebels gagging and tying up the National Guardsmen, ridiculing them for supporting the Bolivarian Government, asking "Why do you continue to defend drug traffickers, some real terrorists? ... Be worthy of the uniform you are wearing, you are irresponsible, traitors to the country for not doing something". The group then destroyed images of President Maduro and Hugo Chávez, Maduro's predecessor.[9][10]

President Maduro responded, stating "Wherever they appear, I have ordered the Armed Forces, 'Lead for the terrorist groups! Lead them, compadre!' ... zero tolerance with terrorist groups that threaten with weapons the peace of the Republic."[citation needed]


External video
video icon Authorities firing an RPG at Pérez's location on YouTube[11]

On 15 January 2018, the Venezuelan Army and the Venezuelan National Guard launched an operation after discovering the location of Pérez, who was held up in the El Junquito parish of Capital District.[11] Around 4:00 AM VST (8:00 AM UTC), about 500 troops were deployed to attack Pérez and his compatriots at their location.[12][13] Around 6:45 AM VST (10:45 AM UTC), Pérez released video stating that his group had been fired upon, though he mentioned that negotiations were underway.[13]

BTR-80As similar to the one used during the operation

By about 8:30 AM VST (12:30 PM UTC), a firefight between the two factions ensued.[13] Pérez and his team initially resisted the attack, though once he realized they were surrounded, Pérez attempted to surrender in order to spare the lives of the rebels as well as the family living in the home.[11] Around 9:07 AM VST (1:07 PM UTC), troops began to fire rocket-propelled grenades at the group's location.[13] Pérez then posted a video on the internet showing his face covered in blood stating that the police had not stopped attacking his group with snipers, grenades, grenade launchers and rocket-propelled grenades, with Pérez and others saying that authorities were only there on orders to kill them.[14][15][11] During the raid, Pérez contacted several people on his phone, calling his former boss at CICPC pleading that he send staff of the attorney general and the media to provide coverage of the raid and to grant him a route for a safe surrender.[11] Finally, a Russian-made BTR-80A was deployed to the area and arrived to the site around 11:45 VST (3:45 PM UTC), where it proceeded to fire at the rebel location.[13]

After hours of shooting, Pérez's group succumbed to the Venezuelan forces around 12:00 PM VST (4:00 PM UTC), with members of the group likely being executed by troops according to Bellingcat and Forensic Architecture.[1][12][13] Pérez and five of his men (Daniel Enrique Soto Torres, Abraham Lugo Ramos, Jairo Lugo Ramos, José Alejandro Díaz Pimentel, Abraham Israel Agostini) were shot dead while six others were arrested.[1] His death was confirmed by the Venezuelan Police one day later.[16] Pérez was reportedly observed in the morgue with three bullet wounds to the head,[17] with official death certificates showing a similar pattern of shots to the head among his fallen rebels.[13] Two days later, it was revealed that a pregnant woman and a child were also killed during the raid.[18]

The police and the Colectivos also suffered losses, with two officers killed and five injured while one member of a colectivo from 23 de Enero was killed.[1][13] The raid was described as highly unorganized, with Venezuelan troops being observed laughing and firing indiscriminately towards Pérez's, possibly causing friendly fire incidents.[13] Evidence was never revealed by the Venezuelan Government and the home where the rebels were discovered was quickly destroyed.[12][13]



Opposition demonstrators against the operation

The raid was met with outrage from the Venezuelan people and accusations of extrajudicial killing.[19][20]

Venezuelan President Nicolás Maduro applauded the operation, describing it as being an "order fulfilled" and said that "every group that is armed and financed to bring terrorism will suffer the same fate".[11] Some leading opposition figures including Maria Corina Machado, Antonio Ledezma and Luisa Ortega Díaz condemned his killing.[21]


The international media and some politicians and citizens all over the world defined what has happened in El Junquito as a massacre and harshly criticized Maduro and his government.

Some of the countries were: Brazil,[22][23][24] Colombia, with criticism from former President Andrés Pastrana,[25][26] United States, with angry comments from Senator Marco Rubio,[27] Guatemala,[28] Paraguay,[29] Uruguay,[30] Spain,[31][32] Bolivia's former president Jorge Quiroga,[33] and France.[34] Additionally, the main media in Italy (including Corriere della Sera, La Stampa, Repubblica, Il Giornale) reported the news of the "massacre" on the first page for a full week.[35]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d "Maduro y la "masacre de El Junquito"". Deutsche Welle (in Spanish). 19 January 2018. Retrieved 20 January 2018.
  2. ^ "A cuatro días de la masacre de El Junquito, familiares esperan que entreguen los cadáveres". La Patilla (in Spanish). 19 January 2018. Retrieved 20 January 2018.
  3. ^ "Reapareció Oscar Pérez, el piloto que atacó el Tribunal Supremo de Venezuela". Infobae (in Spanish). 4 July 2017. Retrieved 5 July 2017.
  4. ^ a b c "Venezuela's most-wanted rebel shared his story, just before being gunned down". The Independent. 25 January 2018.
  5. ^ González, Tahiana (2017-06-30). "Director de Muerte Suspendida: Óscar Pérez ayudaba a niños necesitados". El Nacional (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2018-01-18. Retrieved 2018-01-18.
  6. ^ Rincón, Arminda (25 October 2015). "Funcionario del Cicpc se convirtió en protagonista de una película". Diario Panorama. Archived from the original on 28 June 2017. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  7. ^ "Militar roba helicóptero y lanza granadas contra sede de TSJ de Venezuela". El Heraldo (in Spanish). 27 June 2017. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  8. ^ a b c "Maduro Says Helicopter Fired on Venezuela's Supreme Court". NBC 6 South Florida. 27 June 2017. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  9. ^ "Óscar Pérez se atribuyó robo de armas a cuartel de la GNB". El Universal. 19 December 2017. Retrieved 15 January 2018.
  10. ^ M. Camargo, Joan (18 December 2017). "Grupo comando se robó 26 fusiles de una comandancia de la GNB en Los Teques". El Universal. Archived from the original on 21 December 2017. Retrieved 15 January 2017.
  11. ^ a b c d e f Maria Delgado, Antonio (16 January 2018). "'The order is to kill you,' Venezuelan soldiers reportedly told rebel cop before firing". The Miami Herald. Retrieved 17 January 2018.
  12. ^ a b c "Investigación revela lo ocurrido durante las últimas horas de Óscar Pérez". Efecto Cocuyo (in Spanish). 13 May 2018. Retrieved 23 May 2018.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j ""¡Nos vamos a entregar! ¡No sigan disparando! ": Reconstruyendo las últimas horas de Óscar Pérez - bellingcat". Bellingcat. 13 May 2018. Retrieved 23 May 2018.
  14. ^ "SIERRA OSCAR SIERRA Venezuela - January 15, 2018". YouTube. Retrieved 18 January 2018.
  15. ^ "Police Killed A Man Who Stole A Helicopter. He Put The Whole Standoff On Instagram". Buzzfeed.com. Retrieved 18 January 2018.
  16. ^ Charner, Flora; Hernandez, Osmary; Barnes, Taylor (January 16, 2018). "Source: Rogue Venezuelan helicopter pilot killed by police". CNN. Retrieved January 16, 2018.
  17. ^ "Fueron presuntamente detenidos tres Dgcim por divulgar foto de Óscar Pérez sin vida". El Informador (in Spanish). 16 January 2018. Retrieved 18 January 2018.
  18. ^ Torres, Andrea. "Relatives of Venezuela's El Junquito siege victims demand..." Local 10. Retrieved 18 January 2018.
  19. ^ Torres, Andrea. "Venezuelan deposed chief prosecutor denounces 'extrajudicial..." www.Local10.com. Retrieved 18 January 2018.
  20. ^ "Rogue ex-cop Oscar Pérez, six others killed by police in Venezuela". PRI.org. Retrieved 18 January 2018.
  21. ^ "Quem é o policial e ator Óscar Pérez e o que se sabe da operação contra ele na Venezuela". terra.com.br. Retrieved 17 January 2018.
  22. ^ "NOVO 30 on Twitter". Retrieved 10 July 2018.
  24. ^ "Delegado Francischini". www.facebook.com. Retrieved 10 July 2018.
  25. ^ [url=http://sumarium.com/grupo-de-masones-de-ecuador-repudia-asesinato-de-su-hermano-oscar-perez/ Archived 2018-01-19 at the Wayback Machine Grupo de Masones de Ecuador repudia asesinato de su “hermano” Óscar Pérez]
  26. ^ "Acorralado y herido, piloto Óscar Perez denuncia en vivo que régimen de Maduro lo quiere matar". 15 January 2018. Retrieved 10 July 2018.
  27. ^ Web, El Nacional (17 January 2018). "Marco Rubio: Mataron a alguien que quería entregarse pacíficamente". Archived from the original on 18 January 2018. Retrieved 10 July 2018.
  28. ^ "Gloria Álvarez (@GloriaAlvarez85) - Twitter". twitter.com. Retrieved 10 July 2018.
  29. ^ "Masones de Paraguay denuncian "cruel y cobarde asesinato" de Óscar Pérez". Archived from the original on 19 January 2018. Retrieved 10 July 2018.
  30. ^ "Partido Colorado: Indignación y repudio ante el asesinato en Venezuela de Oscar Pérez". 18 January 2018. Retrieved 10 July 2018.
  31. ^ "El Pais: La Masacre de El Junquito". Retrieved 10 July 2018.
  32. ^ Web, El Nacional (18 January 2018). "Las últimas palabras de una de las asesinadas en la masacre de El Junquito". Retrieved 10 July 2018.
  33. ^ "A Nicolás Maduro le "espera una hamaca caliente en Cuba o en una celda fría en La Haya": expresidente boliviano Jorge Quiroga". NTN24. Archived from the original on 19 January 2018. Retrieved 10 July 2018.
  34. ^ "Le CEV a dénoncé un horrible massacre opérationnel contre Óscar Pérez". mediapress24.fr. Archived from the original on 19 January 2018. Retrieved 10 July 2018.
  35. ^ "Il primo massacro del 2018 in Venezuela". 16 January 2018. Retrieved 10 July 2018.