|Rights by beneficiary|
|Other groups of rights|
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Common rights issues faced by elders include age-related job discrimination (such as forced age of retirement), lack of access to medical treatments because of age or age-related obstacles, societal perceptions of ability/disability due to age, and vulnerability to abuse, including financial, physical, psychological, social, and sexual because of diminished capacity and lack of access to/ability to use technology.
Elder rights movement
The concept of a unique set of needs and rights of the elderly started in 1930s during the Great Depression with the main focus being on the need for a national pension program to provide financial security to the no longer working elderly. Numerous rival plans (the Townsend Plan, the McClain Movement, the Ham and Eggs Movement) were made to address the issue. Eventually, as part of Franklin Delano Roosevelt's New Deal, the Social Security Act was passed to meet the need.
As the population aged and the aged grew wealthier throughout the second half of the twentieth century, their political influence increased. Organizations such as the American Association of Retired Persons and government bodies such as the Administration on Aging were created to meet their needs. Issues far beyond simple financial security became the focus – Maggie Kuhn, angered over her mandatory retirement at 65, launched the Gray Panthers. The National Elder Law Foundation was created out of concern that elderly might have unique legal needs. The 2006 reauthorization of the Older Americans Act included a project called Choices for Independence to develop consumer-directed community-based (as opposed to congregate segregated choices such as traditional nursing homes) long-term care options.
Milestones in elder rights development
|1920||Civil Service Retirement Act (US)||Retirement system for government employees|
|1935||Social Security Act (US)||Old Age Assistance/Old Age Survivors Insurance|
|1958||American Association of Retired Persons founded|
|1965||Older Americans Act (US)||Established the Administration on Aging|
|1970||Gray Panthers founded|
|1970||Age Concern England launched|
|1974||Age UK created|
|1994||National Elder Law Foundation founded (US)||Certifies attorneys for elder law practice|
|1999||International Year of Older Persons|
|2002||MIPAA - Madrid International Plan of Action on Aging||The global policy document regarding aging|
|2003||Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act (US)|
|2003||Scottish Senior Citizens Unity Party formed|
|2010||Affordable Care Act (US)|
|2011||UN Open Ended Working Group on Aging (OEWG)||The UN forum discussing elder rights|
Notable elder rights activists
- Ethel Percy Andrus – founder of AARP
- David Hobman – creator of Age Concern England
- Maggie Kuhn – founder of the Gray Panthers
- Gordon Lishman – creator of Age UK
- Helen Levitov Sobell
- John Swinburne – founder of the Scottish Senior Citizens Unity Party
- Valerie Taylor
- Francis Townsend – creator of the Townsend Plan
- Activist ageing
- Age Concern, banner title used by a number of NGOs around the world
- Elder abuse
- Elder law in India
- Elder law (United States)
- Nursing home residents' rights
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- "Protecting Elders' Rights". Caring for Your Parents. PBS. 2008.
- Walls, David. "Elders Rights Movement". Sonoma State University. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
- Pratt, Henry (1976). The Gray Lobby: Politics of Old Age. University of Chicago Press.
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- "About NELF". National Elder Law Foundation. Archived from the original on 20 May 2015. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
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- "Historical Evolution of Programs for Older Americans". US Dept of Health & Human Services. Archived from the original on 6 May 2013. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
- "AARP History". American Association of Retired Persons. Archived from the original on 5 September 2015. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
- "Madrid International Plan of Action on Ageing | United Nations For Ageing". www.un.org. Retrieved 2018-03-19.
- "United Nations Open-ended Working Group on strengthening the protection of the human rights of older persons". social.un.org. Retrieved 2018-03-19.
- "Ethel Andrus". National Women's History Museum. Archived from the original on 23 January 2012. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
- Barker, Jonathan. "David Hobman:Energetic reformer who changed society's perception of older people". The Guardian. Retrieved 13 May 2015.