Elections in Uttarakhand
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Elections for the Uttarakhand Legislative Assembly (Uttarakhand Vidhan Sabha) in Uttarakhand state, India are conducted in accordance with the Constitution of India. The legislative assembly of Uttarakhand creates laws regarding the conduct of local body elections unilaterally while any changes by the state legislature to the conduct of state level elections need to be approved by the Parliament of India. In addition, the state legislature may be dismissed by the Parliament according to Article 356 of the Indian Constitution and President's rule may be imposed.
Main political parties
The Bharatiya Janata Party and Indian National Congress have been the most popular parties in the state since its inception. Other influential parties include Bahujan Samaj Party, Samajwadi Party and Uttarakhand Kranti Dal.
Lok Sabha elections
It is worth noting that till the year 2000, Uttarakhand was a part of the undivided Uttar Pradesh.
|Election Year||Lok Sabha||Party-wise Details||Constituencies||Ref|
|Party||Seats||Dehradun||Garhwal||Tehri Garhwal||Almora||Nainital||Nainital–Udhamsingh Nagar||Haridwar|
|1951–52||1st Lok Sabha||INC||4||INC||INC||Independent||INC||INC||Did not exist||Did not exist|||
|1957||2nd Lok Sabha||INC||5||INC||INC||INC||INC||INC|
|1962||3rd Lok Sabha||INC||5||INC||INC||INC||INC||INC|
|1967||4th Lok Sabha||INC||4||Independent||INC||INC||INC||INC|
|1971||5th Lok Sabha||INC(R)||5||INC(R)||INC(R)||INC(R)||INC(R)||INC(R)|
|1977||6th Lok Sabha||JP||4||Constituency abolished||JP||JP||JP||JP||BLD|
|1980||7th Lok Sabha||INC(I)||3||JP(S)||INC(I)||INC(I)||INC(I)||JP(S)|
|1984||8th Lok Sabha||INC(I)||5||INC(I)||INC(I)||INC(I)||INC(I)||INC(I)|
|1989||9th Lok Sabha||INC(I)||3||JD||INC(I)||INC(I)||JD||INC(I)|
|1991||10th Lok Sabha||BJP||5||BJP||BJP||BJP||BJP||BJP|
|1996||11th Lok Sabha||BJP||3||AIIC(T)||BJP||BJP||AIIC(T)||BJP|
|1998||12th Lok Sabha||BJP||5||BJP||BJP||BJP||BJP||BJP|
|1999||13th Lok Sabha||BJP||4||BJP||BJP||BJP||INC||BJP|
|After the formation of Uttarakhand|
|2004||14th Lok Sabha||BJP||3||Constituency abolished||BJP||BJP||BJP||INC||Did not exist||SP|||
|2009||15th Lok Sabha||INC||5||INC||INC||INC||Constituency abolished||INC||INC|||
|2014||16th Lok Sabha||BJP||5||BJP||BJP||BJP||BJP||BJP|||
|2019||17th Lok Sabha||BJP||5||BJP||BJP||BJP||BJP||BJP|||
|Next||18th Lok Sabha||TBD||TBD||TBD||TBD||TBD||TBD||TBD|
Vidhan Sabha elections
|Election Year||Vidhan Sabha||Party-wise Details||Chief Minister||Party|
|2002||1st Vidhan Sabha||INC||36||INC|
|2007||2nd Vidhan Sabha||BJP||35||BJP|
|2012||3rd Vidhan Sabha||INC||32||INC|
|2017||4th Vidhan Sabha||BJP||57||BJP|
|Next||5th Vidhan Sabha||Total||70||TBD||TBD|
1st Assembly Election, 2002
2002 Uttarakhand Legislative Assembly elections were the first Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly) elections held in the state. The Indian National Congress emerged as the largest party with 36 seats in the 70-seat legislature whereas the Bharatiya Janata Party secured the second place with 19 seats. Veteran Congress leader N. D. Tiwari was chosen as the new Chief Minister.
2nd Assembly Election, 2007
2007 Uttarakhand state assembly elections were the second Vidhan Sabha elections held in the state. The Bharatiya Janata Party emerged as the single largest party with 35 seats in the 70-seat legislature. One seat short of forming a majority, the BJP had to rely on the support of the Uttarakhand Kranti Dal and three independents to form the government. Former Union Minister B. C. Khanduri became the new Chief Minister. The Indian National Congress was the official opposition, holding 21 seats.
3rd Assembly Election, 2012
2012 Uttarakhand state assembly elections were the third Vidhan Sabha elections held in the state. Uttarakhand had turned out incumbent governments in the first two elections held in the state since its formation. The ruling Bharatiya Janata Party fought the election under the leadership of its Chief Minister B. C. Khanduri. The main opposition Indian National Congress was led in the assembly by Harak Singh Rawat, but no Chief Ministerial candidate was named before the elections. The interim tenure of former Chief Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal, which was marked by large-scale corruption accusations, was likely to be the main election issue.
The elections took place on 30 January, with the results being announced on 6 March. In a closely contested election, the Indian National Congress emerged as the single largest party with 32 seats followed by the Bharatiya Janata Party with 31 seats. Notably the incumbent Chief minister B. C. Khanduri lost from his seat. Vijay Bahuguna was appointed as Chief minister despite him not being a member of the legislative assembly. He later won the by-election held to the Sitarganj constituency.
4th Assembly Election, 2017
2017 Uttarakhand state assembly elections were the fourth Vidhan Sabha elections held in the state. The Bharatiya Janata Party riding on the popularity of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, secured a landslide victory, winning 57 of the total 70 seats. The ruling Indian National Congress was reduced to a low of 11 seats, with the incumbent Chief Minister Harish Rawat himself losing from both the seats that he had contested from. Although the BJP had not projected anyone as its Chief ministerial candidate, Trivendra Singh Rawat was chosen as the new Chief Minister after the elections.