Electoral history of Robert Muldoon

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This is a summary of the electoral history of Robert Muldoon, Prime Minister of New Zealand (1975–84), Leader of the National Party (1974–84), and Member of Parliament for Tamaki (1960–91).

Parliamentary elections[edit]

1954 election[edit]

1954 general election: Mount Albert[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Warren Freer 8,441 57.81 +5.59
National Robert Muldoon 5,215 35.72
Social Credit Walter Crispin 943 6.45
Majority 3,226 22.09 +17.65
Turnout 14,599 92.22 +1.66
Registered electors 15,830

1957 election[edit]

General election, 1957: Waitemata[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Norman King 8,771 53.52 +6.99
National Robert Muldoon 6,580 40.15
Social Credit Byrt Jordan 1,036 6.32 -3.09
Majority 2,191 13.37 +10.89
Turnout 16,387 94.83 +3.20
Registered electors 17,280

1960 election[edit]

General election, 1960: Tamaki[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Robert Muldoon 8,728 53.58
Labour Bob Tizard 7,580 46.54 -4.07
Social Credit Eric Ernest McGowan 352 2.16
Communist Rita Smith 77 0.47
Majority 1,148 7.04
Turnout 16,287 89.85 -6.22
Registered electors 18,125

1963 election[edit]

General election, 1963: Tamaki[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Robert Muldoon 9,645 59.10 +5.52
Labour Norman Finch 5,891 36.09
Social Credit Joseph F. Richards 382 2.34
Liberal Robert Arthur Allen 307 1.88
Communist Donald McEwan 94 0.57
Majority 3,754 23.00 +15.96
Turnout 16,319 92.97 +3.12
Registered electors 17,552

1966 election[edit]

General election, 1966: Tamaki[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Robert Muldoon 9,248 55.37 -3.73
Labour Kevin Ryan 6,421 38.44
Social Credit Keith Harold Arthur Branch 1,032 6.17
Majority 2,827 16.92 -6.08
Turnout 16,701 85.64 -7.33
Registered electors 19,501

1969 election[edit]

General election, 1969: Tamaki[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Robert Muldoon 11,513 65.14 +9.77
Labour Alfred David Bolton 5,425 30.69
Social Credit Keith Harold Arthur Branch 496 2.80 -3.37
Independent Gladys May Thorpy 239 1.35
Majority 6,088 34.44 +17.52
Turnout 17,673 90.70 +5.06
Registered electors 19,485

1972 election[edit]

General election, 1972: Tamaki[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Robert Muldoon 10,146 57.77 -7.37
Labour Allan Henry Hedger 5,556 31.63
Values Graeme Raymond Jessup 876 4.98
Social Credit James Robinson 714 4.06
Socialist Unity Bill Andersen 108 0.61
Socialist Party Ernest William Higdon 83 0.47
Independent National George Mullenger 48 0.27
New Democratic Ian Upton 31 0.17
Majority 4,590 26.13 -8.31
Turnout 17,562 90.99 -0.29
Registered electors 19,301

1975 election[edit]

General election, 1975: Tamaki[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Robert Muldoon 11,836 62.38 +4.61
Labour Tim Kaye 5,101 26.88
Values Brent Impey 1,258 6.63
Social Credit David Stevens 725 3.82
Socialist Unity Bill Andersen 39 0.20 -0.41
Socialist Party Ernest William Higdon 12 0.06 -0.41
Majority 6,735 35.50 +9.37
Turnout 18,971 84.30 -6.69
Registered electors 22,502

1978 election[edit]

General election, 1978: Tamaki[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Robert Muldoon 11,814 56.69 -5.69
Labour Audie Cooke-Pennefather 5,504 26.41
Social Credit Les Tasker 2,360 11.32
Values J Woolnough 791 3.79
Progressive National D Harden 276 1.32
Socialist Unity Bill Andersen 62 0.29 +0.09
Independent P T P Grace 22 0.10
United A H Greig 8 0.03
Majority 6,310 30.28 -5.22
Turnout 20,837 68.33 -15.97
Registered electors 30,491

1981 election[edit]

General election, 1981: Tamaki[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Robert Muldoon 11,543 53.51 -3.18
Labour Richard Northey 6,390 29.62
Social Credit John Stevens 3,449 15.98
Socialist Unity Bill Andersen 188 0.87 +0.58
Majority 5,153 23.88 -6.40
Turnout 21,570 88.56 +20.23
Registered electors 24,356

1984 election[edit]

General election, 1984: Tamaki[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Robert Muldoon 10,414 46.35 -7.16
Labour Robin Tulloch 6,656 29.62
NZ Party John Hodgson 4,545 20.23
Social Credit Eddie Hagen 616 2.74
Values Brett Cunningham 93 0.41
Independent S Hall 89 0.39
Independent D B Butler 51 0.22
Majority 3,758 16.72 -7.16
Turnout 22,464 91.29 +2.73
Registered electors 24,607

1987 election[edit]

General election, 1987: Tamaki[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Robert Muldoon 10,466 52.03 +5.68
Labour Carl Harding 8,519 42.35
Democrats Richard John Pittams 668 3.32
NZ Party D T Roberts 343 1.70
Values Bruce Symondson 119 0.59
Majority 1,947 9.67 -7.05
Turnout 20,115 84.79 -6.50
Registered electors 23,721

1990 election[edit]

1990 general election: Tamaki[5][6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Robert Muldoon 12,191 58.93 +6.90
Labour Malcolm Johnston 4,599 22.23
Green Richard Green 2,633 12.73
NewLabour Bill Logue 789 3.81
McGillicuddy Serious Craig Thomas Young 183 0.88
Democrats Craig Douglas Thomas 134 0.65
Social Credit Charles Thomas Willoughby 67 0.32
Independent Matthew Ford Elliot 49 0.23
Independent Victor Bryers 44 0.21
Majority 7,592 36.70 +27.03
Turnout 20,689 85.65 -0.86
Registered electors 24,154

Leadership elections[edit]

1972 leadership election[edit]

Name Votes Percentage
Jack Marshall 26 59.10%
Robert Muldoon 18 40.90%

1984 leadership election[edit]

Name Votes Percentage
Jim McLay 22 62.85%
Jim Bolger 8 22.85%
Robert Muldoon 5 14.28%

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Norton 1988, p. 280.
  2. ^ Norton 1988, pp. 379.
  3. ^ a b c d Norton 1988, pp. 353.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Norton 1988, pp. 354.
  5. ^ Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1990.
  6. ^ Gustafson, Barry (2000), His way: a biography of Robert Muldoon, Auckland University Press, pp. 464–465, retrieved 8 March 2014

References[edit]

  • Norton, Clifford (1988). New Zealand Parliamentary Election Results 1946–1987: Occasional Publications No 1, Department of Political Science. Wellington: Victoria University of Wellington. ISBN 0-475-11200-8.