|Cultural origins||Late 1960s|
Electronic rock is a music genre that involves a combination of rock music and electronic music, featuring instruments typically found within both genres. It originates from the late 1960s, when rock bands began incorporating electronic instrumentation into their music. Electronic rock acts usually fuse elements from other music styles, including punk rock, industrial rock, hip hop, techno, and synth-pop, which has helped spur subgenres such as indietronica, dance-punk, and electroclash.
Being a fusion of rock and electronic, electronic rock features instruments found in both genres, such as synthesizers, mellotrons, tape music techniques, electric guitars and drums. Some electronic rock artists, however, often eschew guitar in favor of using technology to emulate a rock sound. Vocals are typically mellow or upbeat, but instrumentals are also common in the genre.
A trend of rock bands that incorporated electronic sounds began during the late 1960s. According to critic Simon Reynolds, examples included the United States of America, White Noise, and Gong. Other early acts to blend synthesizers and musique concrète's tape music techniques with rock instrumentation included Silver Apples, Fifty Foot Hose, Syrinx, Lothar and the Hand People, Beaver & Krause and Tonto's Expanding Head Band. Many such 1960s acts blended psychedelic rock with avant-garde academic or underground influences.
In the 1970s, German "krautrock" bands such as Neu!, Kraftwerk, Can, and Amon Düül challenged rock boundaries by incorporating electronic instrumentation. Since the late 2000s, electronic rock has become increasingly popular.
Subgenres and other terms
The term "progressive rock" (or "prog rock") was originally coined in the 1960s for music that would otherwise be described as "electronic rock," but the definition of "prog" later narrowed into a specific set of musical conventions - as opposed to a sensibility involving forward-thinking or experimental approaches.
Electronic rock is also associated with industrial rock, synth-pop, dance-punk, indietronica, and new wave, with electroclash, new rave, post-punk revival, post-rock, considered as subgenres. Sometimes, certain other electronic subgenres are fused with rock, like trance and techno, leading to the use of the terms trance rock and techno rock, respectively.
Heavy metal, a major subgenre of rock, is sometimes mixed with electronic and its subgenres, inspiring terms such as electronic metal, synth-metal, electronic dance metal, trance metal and techno metal.[text–source integrity?]
- Electronic Rock : On the History of Rock Music. ISBN 9783653979206. Retrieved November 24, 2017.
- Kearney, Mary Celeste (July 13, 2017). Gender and Rock. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780190297695. Retrieved November 24, 2017 – via Google Books.
- Macan, Edward (November 24, 1997). Rocking the Classics: English Progressive Rock and the Counterculture. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780195098877. Retrieved November 24, 2017 – via Google Books.
- "The ABC's of…Electronic Rock in the Studio: The Doors to Depeche Mode & LCD Soundsystem - SonicScoop". November 19, 2013. Retrieved November 24, 2017.
- Reynolds, Simon (21 April 2007). "King of the Cosmos". The Observer. Retrieved 4 January 2020.
- Reynolds, Simon. "Synthedelia: Psychedelic Electronic Music in the 1960s". Red Bull Music Academy. Retrieved 5 January 2020.
- Demby, Eric. "OLD NEU! Albums Finally Coming Stateside". MTV News. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
- Robinson, Emily (2017). The Language of Progressive Politics in Modern Britain. Palgrave Macmillan UK. p. 117. ISBN 978-1-137-50664-1.
- Buckley, Peter (24 November 2017). The Rough Guide to Rock. Rough Guides. ISBN 9781858284576. Retrieved 24 November 2017 – via Google Books.
- Prophet, Elizabeth Clare; Press, Summit University (November 24, 1989). Year of Prophecy. Summit University Press. ISBN 9780916766962. Retrieved November 24, 2017 – via Google Books.
- Felix, Dr. Stanford (2010). The Complete Idiot's Guide Music Dictionary. DK Publishing. p. 257. ISBN 978-1-101-19809-4.
- Rip It Up and Start Again: Post Punk 1978–1984. Simon Reynolds. Faber and Faber Ltd, April 2005, ISBN 0-571-21569-6 (U.S. Edition: Penguin, February 2006, ISBN 0-14-303672-6)
- "10 Current Artists That Effortlessly Blend Metal With Other Genres - Page 2 of 2 - Metal Injection". November 2, 2016. Retrieved November 24, 2017.
- "IS ELECTRONIC DANCE METAL THE NEXT BIG THING??? - MetalSucks". September 19, 2012. Retrieved November 24, 2017.
- "30 Second guide to: Trance Metal". 14 December 2012. Retrieved November 24, 2017.
- "Unearthing The Electronic Metal Underground". Retrieved November 24, 2017.