Engineering education in India

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Ind of engineers in the world. In India, there are numerous engineering colleges imparting undergraduate and graduate courses in engineering, applied engineering and sciences. The National Institutes of Technology (NITs) and Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) are considered the most prestigious engineering institutes in India.[1][2]

Indian Institutes of Technology[edit]

The Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) has 23 centers located in Bhubaneswar, Bombay, Delhi, Gandhinagar, Guwahati, Hyderabad, Indore, Jodhpur, Kanpur, Kharagpur, Madras, Mandi, Patna, Roorkee, Ropar, Dhanbad, Palakkad, Tirupati, Bhilai, Goa, Jammu, Dharwad and Varanasi. All IITs enjoy the status of the Institutes of National Importance and are autonomous universities that draft their own curricula. Many IITs are members of LAOTSE, an international network of universities in Europe and Asia. LAOTSE membership allows the IITs to exchange students and senior scholars with universities in other countries.

Admission to undergraduate B.Tech and integrated M.Tech programs are through JEE Advanced (the Joint Entrance Examination Advanced) in which around 150,000 students appear annually out of which only around 11,032[3] get selected. These 150,000 students are initially sorted out by the JEE Mains (Joint Entrance Examination Mains) which is conducted by the NTA (National Testing Agency). Around 1.3 million students appear for this exam. Admission to most postgraduate courses in IITs is granted through various written entrance examinations: GATE (for M.Tech.), JAM (for M.Sc.) and CEED (for M.Des.). The admission for Ph.D. program is based primarily on a personal interview, though candidates may also have to appear for written tests. The IITs are also well known for their special reservation policy, which is significantly different from the one applied in other educational institutions of India.[4]

==National Institutes of TechNational Institutes of Technology (NITs) are colleges of engineering and technology education in India. All NITs enjoy the status of the Institutes of National Importance and are autonomous universities that draft their own curricula. They were originally called Regional Engineering Colleges (RECs). In 2002, the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India, decided to upgrade, in phases, all the original 17 RECs as NITs. There are currently 31 NITs, with the inception of 10 new NITs in the year 2010 and another in 2015. The 31 NITs are located in Allahabad, Agartala, Bhopal, Durgapur, Hamirpur, Kozhikode, Kurukshetra, Jalandhar, Jamshedpur, Jaipur, Nagpur, Patna, Raipur, Rourkela, Silchar, Srinagar, Surathkal, Surat, Tiruchirappalli, Warangal, Yupia, New Delhi, Farmagudi, Imphal, Shillong, Aizawl, Dimapur, Karaikal, Ravangla, Srinagar and Tadepalligudem. The Government of India has introduced the National Institutes of Technology (NIT) Act 2010 to bring 31 such institutions within the ambit of the act and to provide them with complete autonomy in their functioning. The NITs are deliberately scattered throughout the country in line with the government norm of an NIT in every major state of India to promote regional development. The individual NITs, after the introduction of the NIT Act, have been functioning as autonomous technical universities and hence can draft their own curriculum and functioning policies.[5] The admission to undergraduate programs of all the NITs was done by the All India Engineering Entrance Examination popularly known as AIEEE. From the year 2013, AIEEE was replaced by JEE-Main (Joint Entrance Examination - Main) in which 40% weightage was given to the Higher Secondary results and 60% weightage was given to the JEE(Main) results. However, the weightage of Higher Secondary result was made to be 0% from the year 2017 onwards and it was only given as an eligibility criteria (of either attaining 75% in HS results or being in the top 20% of the respective board). The examination is objective by nature and is conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA)[6] from the year 2019. The exam was previously conducted by CBSE. More than fourteen lakh(1,400,000) applicants took part in 2013 for approximately 15500 seats in the B. Tech and B. Arch programmes available in all the NITs put together.[7]


Other institutions[edit]

The Indian Institutes of Information Technology (IIITs)[8], the Indian Institutes of Engineering Science and Technology (IIESTs), and the Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani (BITS Pilani) are other notable engineering institutions in India.

The Institution of Engineers (India)[edit]

AMIE was established in 1920 in Kolkata, West Bengal and is acclaimed to have pioneered education in Engineering. IEI (I) conducts an examination for its Associate Membership(AMIE). This examination is considered as B.E. / B.Tech.[4] when contemplated as o write competitive examinations like the Indian Civil Service, Indian Engineering Services, GATE, etc., and for employment in Government, public and private sectors in India. This qualification is recognised by Ministry of HRD, Government of India as equivalent to B.E./ B.Tech.

There are 2 sections, namely Section A and Section B, who passed both of section he will be chartered engineer(CEng), chartered engineer(CEng) is considered as bachelor's degree in all National and International bodies.

As per AICTE, AMIE is recognized as equivalent to bachelor's degree in appropriate branch of engineering, to those who had enrolled themselves with the institution on or before 31 May 2013. Refer notification from AICTE website. [1] .

AICTE approved institutes by state[edit]

List of AICTE approved institutes by state, for the academic year 2017-2018:[dubious ]

S.No State/Union Territory Number of Engineering Institutes[9]
1 Andaman & Nicobar Islands 1
2 Andhra Pradesh 149
3 Arunachal Pradesh 24
4 Assam 37
5 Bihar 107
6 Chandigarh 14
7 Chhattisgarh 73
8 Dadra and Nagar Haveli 3
9 Daman and Diu 2
10 Delhi 56
11 Goa 17
12 Gujarat 197
13 Haryana 226
14 Himachal Pradesh 64
15 Jammu & Kashmir 53
16 Jharkhand 73
17 Karnataka 157
18 Kerala 129
19 Madhya Pradesh 241
20 Maharashtra 334
21 Manipur 4
22 Meghalaya 7
23 Mizoram 4
24 Nagaland 8
25 Odisha 242
26 Puducherry 29
27 Punjab 302
28 Rajasthan 281
29 Sikkim 5
30 Tamil Nadu 314
31 Telangana 253
32 Tripura 13
33 Uttar Pradesh 574
34 Uttarakhand 117
35 West Bengal 172
- Total 4282

Corruption in Engineering Education[edit]

Some of the engineering colleges have been known for involving themselves in the illegal practice of capitation fee. All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE), the regulatory body for technical education in India, has called "upon the students, parents and the general public not to pay any capitation fee or any other fee other than that mentioned in the Prospectus of the Institutions for consideration of admission.".[10] AICTE also mentions that the fee charged from students, has to be approved by the fee regulatory committee of the state, and the institute should mention the fee in its website.[11] As per AICTE norms, the educational institutions are not meant to charge a fee higher than what is mentioned in the prospectus. Educational regulatory agencies such as UGC[12] and regional level fee regulating bodies[13] has mandated that an institution should include the fee in the prospectus.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Institutes of Technology". nitcouncil.org.in. Retrieved 2020-05-16.
  2. ^ "Indian Institutes of Technology". www.iitsystem.ac.in. Retrieved 2020-05-16.
  3. ^ "More dreams get wings as IITs to add 460 seats this year".
  4. ^ "IITs | Technical Education | Government of India, Ministry of Human Resource Development". mhrd.gov.in. Retrieved 2019-04-05.
  5. ^ "Technical Education | Government of India,of Human Resource Development". mhrd.gov.in. Retrieved 2018-07-02.
  6. ^ Misra, Aishwarya (2018-04-14). "Establishment of the NTA: Purpose, Organization, Features". EduPadhai. Retrieved 2019-04-22.
  7. ^ "NITs | Technical Education | Government of India, Ministry of Human Resource Development". mhrd.gov.in. Retrieved 2019-04-05.
  8. ^ "IIIT Institutions | Government of India, Ministry of Human Resource Development". mhrd.gov.in. Retrieved 2020-05-16.
  9. ^ "List of AICTE approved Institutes for the academic year: 2017-2018". AICTE. Archived from the original on 10 June 2017. Retrieved 2 July 2017.
  10. ^ http://www.aicte-india.org/downloads/notice_prohibition_capitation_fee.pdf
  11. ^ "All India Council for Technical Education" (PDF). Retrieved 17 September 2016.
  12. ^ "Deemed Regulation- The Gazette of India" (PDF). Retrieved 17 September 2016.
  13. ^ "MBA Directives issued to all All Self-Financing Management Institutes on 11-05-2015" (PDF). Retrieved 17 September 2016.