Yeniseysk

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Yeniseysk

Енисейск
Yeniseysk
Yeniseysk
Flag of Yeniseysk
Flag
Coat of arms of Yeniseysk
Coat of arms
Location of Yeniseysk
Yeniseysk is located in Russia
Yeniseysk
Yeniseysk
Location of Yeniseysk
Yeniseysk is located in Krasnoyarsk Krai
Yeniseysk
Yeniseysk
Yeniseysk (Krasnoyarsk Krai)
Coordinates: 58°28′N 92°08′E / 58.467°N 92.133°E / 58.467; 92.133Coordinates: 58°28′N 92°08′E / 58.467°N 92.133°E / 58.467; 92.133
CountryRussia
Federal subjectKrasnoyarsk Krai[1]
Founded1619[2]
Area
 • Total15 km2 (6 sq mi)
Elevation
75 m (246 ft)
Population
 • Total18,766
 • Density1,300/km2 (3,200/sq mi)
 • Subordinated tokrai town of Yeniseysk[1]
 • Capital ofkrai town of Yeniseysk[1], Yeniseysky District[1]
 • Urban okrugYeniseysk Urban Okrug[4]
 • Capital ofYeniseysk Urban Okrug[4], Yeniseysky Municipal District[5]
Time zoneUTC+7 (MSK+4 Edit this on Wikidata[6])
Postal code(s)[7]
663180Edit this on Wikidata
OKTMO ID04712000001
Websitewww.eniseysk.com
Yeniseysk was an important junction on the Siberian River Routes

Yeniseysk (Russian: Енисейск, IPA: [jɪnʲɪˈsʲejsk]) is a town in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia, located on the Yenisei River. Population: 18,766 (2010 Census);[3] 20,394 (2002 Census);[8] 22,891 (1989 Census);[9] 20,000 (1970).

History[edit]

Yeniseysk was founded in 1619 as a stockaded town—the first town on the Yenisei River.[2] It played an important role in Russian colonization of East Siberia in the 17th–18th centuries. Its location is due to the Siberian River Routes from the Urals, up the Ob, up the Ket River and over a portage to Yeniseysk and from there to the Yenisei basin. It became less important due to road and rail building further south. Its old town is included by the Russian government in the country's tentative World Heritage List.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Yeniseysk serves as the administrative center of Yeniseysky District, even though it is not a part of it.[1] As an administrative division, it is incorporated separately as the krai town of Yeniseysk—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, the krai town of Yeniseysk is incorporated as Yeniseysk Urban Okrug.[4]

Transportation[edit]

The town is served by the Yeniseysk Airport.

Climate[edit]

Yeniseysk has a subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification Dfc), with long, severely cold winters and short, warm summers. Precipitation is moderate, and is somewhat higher in summer than at other times of the year. Being less affected by the dry Siberian High in winter than areas farther east, Yeniseysk has reliably high snowfall by Siberian standards with a total of 207.8 millimetres (8.18 in) of precipitation between October and April, although on average not very high amounts compared to cold climates close to oceans.

Climate data for Yeniseysk
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 3.1
(37.6)
7.8
(46.0)
16.5
(61.7)
23.0
(73.4)
33.2
(91.8)
35.4
(95.7)
35.6
(96.1)
33.6
(92.5)
28.6
(83.5)
23.7
(74.7)
8.9
(48.0)
6.1
(43.0)
35.6
(96.1)
Average high °C (°F) −16.3
(2.7)
−12.9
(8.8)
−3.3
(26.1)
5.5
(41.9)
13.9
(57.0)
21.6
(70.9)
24.7
(76.5)
20.8
(69.4)
13.4
(56.1)
3.7
(38.7)
−7.8
(18.0)
−15.0
(5.0)
4.0
(39.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) −21.8
(−7.2)
−18.8
(−1.8)
−10.3
(13.5)
−0.7
(30.7)
7.8
(46.0)
15.5
(59.9)
18.9
(66.0)
15.1
(59.2)
8.3
(46.9)
−0.4
(31.3)
−11.9
(10.6)
−19.9
(−3.8)
−1.5
(29.3)
Average low °C (°F) −26.9
(−16.4)
−24.8
(−12.6)
−17.2
(1.0)
−6.6
(20.1)
1.8
(35.2)
8.7
(47.7)
12.1
(53.8)
9.4
(48.9)
3.6
(38.5)
−3.8
(25.2)
−16.1
(3.0)
−24.7
(−12.5)
−7.0
(19.3)
Record low °C (°F) −58.8
(−73.8)
−53.3
(−63.9)
−47.1
(−52.8)
−35.6
(−32.1)
−17.1
(1.2)
−3.9
(25.0)
1.2
(34.2)
−3.1
(26.4)
−8.9
(16.0)
−33.6
(−28.5)
−49.0
(−56.2)
−54.5
(−66.1)
−58.8
(−73.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 27.4
(1.08)
18.2
(0.72)
17.3
(0.68)
23.6
(0.93)
41.1
(1.62)
54.6
(2.15)
55.1
(2.17)
61.7
(2.43)
50.3
(1.98)
45.2
(1.78)
41.6
(1.64)
34.5
(1.36)
470.6
(18.54)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 22.4 19.9 17.7 15.0 15.8 11.9 10.4 13.1 16.6 21.2 24.2 25.0 213.2
Average relative humidity (%) 78.9 77.8 69.8 61.6 59.8 67.5 72.7 76.7 77.9 79.0 80.5 78.8 73.4
Mean monthly sunshine hours 43.4 92.4 159.6 217.5 248.0 295.5 314.7 240.3 132.0 76.0 48.8 31.0 1,899.2
Source: climatebase.ru[10]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Law #10-4765
  2. ^ a b "General Information" (in Russian). Retrieved March 21, 2018.
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  4. ^ a b c Law #12-2378
  5. ^ Law #13-3140
  6. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  7. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) ‹See Tfd›(in Russian)
  8. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  9. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  10. ^ "Yeniseysk, Russia". Climatebase.ru. Retrieved January 22, 2013.

Sources[edit]

  • Законодательное собрание Красноярского края. Закон №10-4765 от 10 июня 2010 г. «О перечне административно-территориальных единиц и территориальных единиц Красноярского края», в ред. Закона №7-3007 от 16 декабря 2014 г. «Об изменении административно-территориального устройства Большеулуйского района и о внесении изменений в Закон края "О перечне административно-территориальных единиц и территориальных единиц Красноярского края"». Вступил в силу 1 июля 2010 г. Опубликован: "Ведомости высших органов государственной власти Красноярского края", №33(404), 5 июля 2010 г. (Legislative Assembly of Krasnoyarsk Krai. Law #10-4765 of June 10, 2010 On the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units and the Territorial Units of Krasnoyarsk Krai, as amended by the Law #7-3007 of December 16, 2014 On Changing the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Bolsheuluysky District and on Amending the Krai Law "On the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units and the Territorial Units of Krasnoyarsk Krai". Effective as of July 1, 2010.).
  • Законодательное собрание Красноярского края. Закон №12-2378 от 22 октября 2004 г. «О наделении муниципального образования город Енисейск статусом городского округа». Вступил в силу через десять дней после официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ведомости высших органов государственной власти Красноярского края", №30, 14 ноября 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Krasnoyarsk Krai. Law #12-2378 of October 22, 2004 On Granting Urban Okrug Status to the Municipal Formation of the Town of Yeniseysk. Effective as of the day ten days after the official publication.).
  • Законодательное собрание Красноярского края. Закон №13-3140 от 25 февраля 2005 г. «Об установлении границ и наделении соответствующим статусом муниципального образования Енисейский район и находящихся в его границах иных муниципальных образований», в ред. Закона №5-1826 от 21 ноября 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в Законы края об установлении границ и наделении соответствующим статусом муниципальных образований Красноярского края». Вступил в силу через десять дней после официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ведомости высших органов государственной власти Красноярского края", №11, 20 марта 2005 г. (Legislative Assembly of Krasnoyarsk Krai. Law #13-3140 of February 25, 2005 On Establishing the Borders and Granting an Appropriate Status to the Municipal Formation of Yeniseysky District and to Other Municipal Formations Within Its Borders, as amended by the Law #5-1826 of November 21, 2013 On Amending the Krai Laws on Establishing the Borders and Granting an Appropriate Status to the Municipal Formations of Krasnoyarsk Krai. Effective as of ten days after the official publication.).