Basque Workers' Solidarity

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ELA
ELAlogo.png
Full nameBasque Workers' Solidarity
Native nameEusko Langileen Alkartasuna
Founded1911
MembersMembers: 105,312[1]
Labor delegates/representatives: 7,049 (40.44%) in the Basque Autonomous Community[2] and 1,359 (22.74%) in Navarre.[3]
AffiliationITUC, ETUC
Key peopleJosé Miguel Leunda Etxeberria, president
José Elorrieta Aurrekoetxea, secretary general
Office locationBilbao
CountrySpain
Websitehttps://www.ela.eus/en

Basque Workers' Solidarity (in Basque: Eusko Langileen Alkartasuna (ELA), in Spanish: Solidaridad de Trabajadores Vascos (STV)) is the most influential trade union in Basque Country, having been created, as Solidaridad de Obreros Vascos, by members of the Basque Nationalist Party on June 10, 1911, in Bilbao[4].

History[edit]

ELA-STV publication from 1971

It was opposed to the influence of trade unions who appealed to a working class ethos (Socialist UGT and Anarchist CNT), advocating instead a Basque nationalist outlook. Initially, ELA-STV was centered on projects of mutual assistance between its affiliates, as a vehicle for social security. It expanded with much more success in Guipúzcoa and Biscay than in Navarre and Álava.

ELA-STV was caught in the fighting of the Spanish Civil War, and banned by the Francoist State. It reemerged in 1976, during the transition to democracy. Today, it has over 105,000 members.

In the 70's ELA abandoned its original social-christian ideology in favour of more socialist positions, recognizing the importance and validity of the class struggle, breaking with the Basque Nationalist Party and approaching LAB.

In the General Congress of 1976 ELA-STV approved the new principles and rules of the union, which will become its identity: ELA was a Basque national and class union, independent from all political parties, open to all workers of Euskal Herria, economic independence (funding only through membership fees, not accepting public money), incompatibility of positions, confederal basis, creating a common resistance fund, international solidarity, etc. This line will be ratified and will gain further in the coming Congress. During transition ELA was against to Pacts of La Moncloa. The pro-PNV and anti-socialist wing of the union split and formed Eusko Langillen Alkartasuna (Askatuta) – Solidaridad de Trabajadores Vascos (Independiente) (ELA (a)-STV (i)), which would disappear in 1990.

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