Star Wars expanded to other media
Star Wars has been expanded to media other than the original films. This spin-off material is licensed and moderated by Lucasfilm, though during his involvement with the franchise George Lucas reserved the right to both draw from and contradict it in his own works. Such derivative works have been produced concurrently with, between, and after the original, prequel, and sequel trilogies, as well as the spin-off films and television series. Commonly explored media include books, comic books, and video games, though other forms such as audio dramas have also been produced.
With the exception of the CGI-animated The Clone Wars TV series, non-film material produced prior to April 2014 was collectively known as the Star Wars Expanded Universe (EU). Lucasfilm later rebranded the Expanded Universe as Star Wars Legends and declared it non-canonical to the franchise. Most works produced after April 25, 2014 are part of the official canon as defined by Lucasfilm.
1976–1987: Early films and television series
The first Star Wars spinoff material was Star Wars: From the Adventures of Luke Skywalker (1976), the novelization of the 1977 film. Lucas later commissioned Alan Dean Foster, who ghostwrote the novelization, to write a sequel, which resulted in Splinter of the Mind's Eye (1978). Lucas originally intended to use this as the basis for a potential low-budget sequel to Star Wars, but when it became one of the most successful films of all time, Lucas decided to write his own story for the film sequel, The Empire Strikes Back (1980). While this was in production, Lucas approved the Star Wars Holiday Special (1978), which he had limited involvement with.
Running from April 1977 to May 1986, the Star Wars comic book series from Marvel Comics met with such strong sales that former Marvel editor-in-chief Jim Shooter credited it with saving Marvel financially in 1977 and 1978. The series became one of the industry's top selling titles in 1979 and 1980. An adaptation of the third theatrical film, Return of the Jedi, was released as a separate four-issue limited series (1983–1984).
Two novel trilogies with original storylines were written, The Han Solo Adventures by Brian Daley (1979–1980), and 1983's The Adventures of Lando Calrissian by L. Neil Smith. Daley also wrote radio dramatizations of the original trilogy, which aired in 1981, 1983, and 1996.
Two spin-off television films focusing on the life of the Ewoks, introduced in Return of the Jedi, aired in 1984 and 1985. The furry creatures were also the subject of an American/Canadian animated television series produced by Nelvana, which ran for two seasons between 1985 and 1986. A sister series, Droids, features the further adventures of R2-D2 and C-3PO. In 1985, Marvel Comics' Star Comics imprint published a bi-monthly Ewoks tie-in comic, which ran for two years, and in 1986, published an eight-issue Droids series. The two series featured a crossover storyline.
1987–1991: "The Dark Times"
Following the series' 10th anniversary, the release of Star Wars spin-off media was largely halted. In 1987, the fan newsletter Bantha Tracks was absorbed by the official Lucasfilm magazine, which focused on the company's projects outside of Star Wars. Some fans feared that the franchise had come to an end, and the period between 1987 and 1991 has been called the "Dark Times".
There were some bright spots in this era, however. In 1987, West End Games began publishing Star Wars: The Roleplaying Game, and the subsequent ancillary role-playing game material such as sourcebooks, gamebooks, and adventure modules. These have been called "the first publications to expand greatly beyond what was known from the vintage era of the movies". The material was used as a resource by some later novelists.
1991–1996: Thrawn novels and Dark Empire comics
The lack of new Star Wars material ended with the 1991 release of Timothy Zahn's novel Heir to the Empire. Heir to the Empire, which reached #1 on the New York Times Best Seller list, began what would become a large collection of works set before, between, and especially after the original films. StarWars.com wrote in 2014 that the novel "jumpstarted a publishing program that endures to this day and formalized the Expanded Universe". It introduced, among others, the popular characters Grand Admiral Thrawn and Mara Jade, and was followed by the sequels Dark Force Rising (1992) and The Last Command (1993). The Thrawn trilogy is widely credited with revitalizing the Star Wars franchise. In The Secret History of Star Wars, Michael Kaminski suggests this renewed interest was a factor in Lucas's decision to create the prequel trilogy.
Around this same time, the comics license was transferred to Dark Horse Comics, who launched a number of series set after the original film trilogy, including the popular Dark Empire sequence (1991–1995) by Tom Veitch and Cam Kennedy. The comic launched months after the first Thrawn novel and was a sequel to those novels; it notably resurrected the film characters Emperor Palpatine and Boba Fett. Zahn was critical of the concept of resurrecting Emperor Palpatine through cloned bodies, feeling it undermined and contradicted the meaning of the ending of Return of the Jedi.
The Jedi Prince series of young-reader novels, released between 1992 and 1993, depicts Luke, Leia, and Han about a year after Return of the Jedi. The Truce at Bakura (1993) depicts the immediate aftermath of the aforementioned film. In 1993, Dark Horse published Tales of the Jedi, expanding the fictional universe to the time of the Old Republic, approximately 4,000 years before the films. The series spawned many other productions, including books, further comics, and eventually the Knights of the Old Republic computer roleplaying games.
In 1994, Lucas Licensing's Allan Kausch and Sue Rostoni discussed the relationship between Lucas' creations and the derivative works by other authors:
Gospel, or canon as we refer to it, includes the screenplays, the films, the radio dramas and the novelizations. These works spin out of George Lucas' original stories, the rest are written by other writers. However, between us, we've read everything, and much of it is taken into account in the overall continuity. The entire catalog of published works comprises a vast history—with many off-shoots, variations and tangents—like any other well-developed mythology.
1996–1999: Special Editions and Shadows of the Empire
The 1996 Steve Perry novel Shadows of the Empire, set in the as-yet-unexplored time period between The Empire Strikes Back and Return of the Jedi, was part of a multimedia campaign that also included a comic book series and video game. The multimedia project was largely meant to reinvigorate the franchise ahead of the prequel trilogy, along with Lucas's 1997 Special Editions of the original trilogy. Lucas incorporated elements of the Expanded Universe into the Special Editions; for example, Coruscant, the New Republic capital planet created by Zahn in the Thrawn trilogy, made its film debut in the Special Edition of Return of the Jedi.
In 1999, Star Wars book publishing moved from Bantam Spectra to Del Rey Books. A new series set between 25 and 30 years after the original films, The New Jedi Order (1999–2003), was written by multiple authors and introduced a new threat: the Yuuzhan Vong, a powerful alien race attempting to invade and conquer the entire galaxy. The first novel in the series, R. A. Salvatore's Vector Prime, killed off popular character Chewbacca.
1999–2014: Prequel film trilogy and The Clone Wars
Before 1999, the bulk of Expanded Universe storytelling explored the time periods either after Return of the Jedi or long before A New Hope (e.g. the Tales of the Jedi series). The time period shortly before the original trilogy (including the rise of the Galactic Empire and the personal histories of Anakin Skywalker and Emperor Palpatine) was left open for Lucas to develop in the form of a prequel trilogy, which begin with Episode I: The Phantom Menace (1999).
Coruscant, introduced in the Thrawn trilogy and first depicted on film in the Special Edition of Return of the Jedi, features heavily in The Phantom Menace, Episode II: Attack of the Clones (2002), and Episode III: Revenge of the Sith (2005). The character Aayla Secura, introduced in 2000 in the Republic comic book series, also appears in Attack of the Clones. The 2003 animated series Clone Wars and various spin-off books, comics, and video games explore the titular conflict in more detail leading up to Revenge of the Sith.
The animated film The Clone Wars (2008) and television series of the same name (2008–2014) are set between Attack of the Clones and Revenge of the Sith. This new series grew from the earlier Clone Wars "pilot" series, with Anakin now being assigned a Padawan learner, Ahsoka Tano. Various characters seen only briefly in the films or in other spin-off material are featured in more depth. Around this time, Lucas denied any intent to ever make a Star Wars sequel trilogy.
Holocron database and canonicity
Originally, Lucasfilm tracked the narrative content of the Expanded Universe in story bibles. In 2000, LucasArts lead tester Leland Chee was hired as Continuity Database Administrator for Lucas Licensing, and developed a database of franchise continuity based in part on 1998's encyclopedic Star Wars: Behind the Magic CD-ROM.[a] The database came to be known as the Holocron, a term used within the Star Wars universe for "ancient repositories of knowledge and wisdom". The Holocron consists of over 55,000 entries for franchise characters, locations, species, and vehicles.
As of 2004, over 1,100 Star Wars titles had been published, including novels, comics, non-fiction, and magazines. Then-president of Lucas Licensing, Howard Roffman, estimated that there were more than 65 million Star Wars books in print. He said, "The books are a way of extending the fantasy of Star Wars. The movies have had a really profound effect on a couple of generations. Star Wars has become a cultural touchpoint, and our fans are avidly interested in exploring more stories."
Regarding the Holocron database in 2012, Chee said: "What sets Star Wars apart from other franchises is that we develop a singular continuity across all forms of media, whether it be the films, TV series, video games, novels and comics, and the Holocron is a key component to Lucasfilm being able to do this." The Holocron was divided into five levels of canon (in order of precedence):
- G-canon was "George Lucas canon": Episodes I–VI (the released films at that time) overrode the lower levels of canonicity, even when referencing elements introduced in other media. In the words of Leland Chee: "George's view of the universe is his view. He's not beholden to what's gone before."
- T-canon was Television canon: The canonicity level comprising The Clone Wars, which Lucas co-created.
- C-canon was Continuity canon: Most of the material from the Expanded Universe including books, comics, and video games. The creation of stories that introduced radical changes in the continuity, like The Force Unleashed video game (which introduced Darth Vader's secret apprentice), required Lucas's approval, and he spent hours explaining the character relationships to the developers.
- S-canon was Secondary canon: Any element introduced in Continuity canon that was contradicted by other material. The Holiday Special is an example, except for elements referenced in higher levels of canon.
- D-canon was Detours canon: Elements of the unreleased show Detours, though primarily intended as a parody of the franchise, were to follow a serial storyline that existed in a low level of canonicity.
- N-canon was Non-canon: "What if" stories (such as the first 20 issues of the Star Wars Tales comic anthology), crossover appearances (such as Star Wars character appearances in Soulcalibur IV), game statistics, and anything else directly contradicted by higher levels of canon.
Lucas Licensing's managing editor Sue Rostoni said in 2001, "Our goal is to present a continuous and unified history of the Star Wars galaxy, insofar as that history does not conflict with, or undermine the meaning of Mr. Lucas's Star Wars saga of films and screenplays." Director of Fan Relations Steve Sansweet clarified:
When it comes to absolute canon, the real story of Star Wars, you must turn to the films themselves—and only the films. Even novelizations are interpretations of the film, and while they are largely true to George Lucas' vision (he works quite closely with the novel authors), the method in which they are written does allow for some minor differences ... The further one branches away from the movies, the more interpretation and speculation come into play. LucasBooks works diligently to keep the continuing Star Wars expanded universe cohesive and uniform, but stylistically, there is always room for variation.
In August 2005, Lucas said of the Expanded Universe:
I don't read that stuff. I haven't read any of the novels. I don't know anything about that world. That's a different world than my world. But I do try to keep it consistent. The way I do it now is they have a Star Wars Encyclopedia. So if I come up with a name or something else, I look it up and see if it has already been used. When I said [other people] could make their own Star Wars stories, we decided that, like Star Trek, we would have two universes: My universe and then this other one. They try to make their universe as consistent with mine as possible, but obviously they get enthusiastic and want to go off in other directions.
2012–2014: Disney acquisition and canon restructuring
In October 2012, The Walt Disney Company acquired Lucasfilm for US$4.06 billion (equivalent to about $4.52B in 2019). Subsequently, Lucasfilm formed the "Lucasfilm Story Group", which was established to keep track of and define the canon and unify the films, comics, and other media. Among its members are Chee, Kiri Hart, and Pablo Hidalgo. To prevent the planned sequel trilogy from being beholden to and restrained by the plotlines of the Expanded Universe works, the choice was made to discard that continuity. In particular, Chee said the death of Chewbacca in Vector Prime was a key factor in the decision.[b]
On April 25, 2014, Lucasfilm rebranded the Expanded Universe material as Star Wars Legends and declared it non-canonical to the franchise. Chee said in a 2014 Twitter post that a "primary goal" of the Story Group would be to replace the previous hierarchical canon (of the Holocron) with one cohesive one. The company's focus would be shifted towards a restructured Star Wars canon based on new material.
2014–2020: Sequel trilogy and anthology films
Lucasfilm explained that the only preexisting works to be considered canonical within the franchise would be the primary episodic films and the 2008 The Clone Wars film and TV series.[c] The announcement called these works "the immovable objects of Star Wars history, the characters and events to which all other tales must align." It was also made clear that a planned Star Wars sequel trilogy, and subsequent works developed within the restructured canon, would not be based on Legends material but could possibly draw from it. The first new canonical novel was A New Dawn by John Jackson Miller, published in September 2014, acting as a prologue to the CGI-animated television series Star Wars Rebels, which was released a month later. Marvel began publishing new Star Wars comic book series in January 2015, and the Journey to Star Wars publishing initiative included books and comics tying in to the sequel trilogy films.
The first sequel trilogy film, The Force Awakens, was released in December 2015. There was some minor fan backlash against the restructured canon, with one group successfully campaigning to buy a billboard pleading for Lucasfilm to continue the original non-canonical Expanded Universe separately from the canon. Rebels supervising director Dave Filoni reintroduced popular Legends character Thrawn into the canon in the 2016 third season of Rebels. Timothy Zahn was hired to write new canonical novels about the character. Since co-creating The Clone Wars, Filoni has followed Lucas (who incorporated Expanded Universe elements into the Special Editions, prequels, and The Clone Wars) in incorporating multiple spin-off elements into his series. Some cancelled The Clone Wars episodes were adapted into canon books and comics in The Clone Wars Legacy multimedia project.
After The Force Awakens, multiple films have been released, including spin-offs Rogue One (2016) and Solo: A Star Wars Story, (2018); as well as the second sequel trilogy film, The Last Jedi (2017), and the third, The Rise of Skywalker (2019). The new expanded universe has continued to grow since then, including dozens of novels; comics from Marvel and IDW; and new games like Battlefront II. In addition, multiple new series have been announced, including Resistance, an anime-inspired television series which premiered in fall 2018; The Mandalorian, a post-Return of the Jedi live-action series written by Jon Favreau which premiered in late 2019 on the Disney streaming service Disney+; and a final season of The Clone Wars animated series, which is also featured on the streaming service.
2020–present: The High Republic
In February 2020, it was announced that a new line of books and comics, labeled The High Republic, would begin publishing starting in August. The line takes place 200 years prior to the events of The Phantom Menace and will not overlap any films or series currently planned for production.
- This included the first release of certain deleted scenes from the original trilogy.
- All events set after Return of the Jedi, such as the Yuuzhan Vong War (in which Chewbacca was killed) and Boba Fett's escape from the sarlacc, were removed from continuity. Major characters like Mara Jade (and by extension her marriage to Luke Skywalker) and Han Solo and Leia Organa's children were likewise removed. Other notable exclusions from the canon were the Ewoks television movies, the 2003 Clone Wars animated series, the Knights of the Old Republic video games, the Shadows of the Empire multimedia project, and video game characters like Darth Vader's apprentice Starkiller and stormtrooper-turned-Jedi Kyle Katarn.
- The sole exception is the serialized short story "Blade Squadron" by David J. and Mark S. Williams, which debuted in Star Wars Insider Issue 149 on April 22, 2014, three days prior to the "Legends" announcement. "Blade Squadron" is thus the first canonical Star Wars story outside the original six episodic films and The Clone Wars.
- Fry, Jason (July–August 2000). "Alan Dean Foster: Author of the Mind's Eye". Star Wars Insider (50).
- "Star Wars #1 (April 1977)". Grand Comics Database. Retrieved August 23, 2016.
- "Star Wars". The Comic Reader (142). April 1977.
- "Star Wars #107 (May 1986)". Marvel.com. Retrieved August 23, 2016.
- Shooter, Jim (July 5, 2011). "Roy Thomas Saved Marvel". Jimshooter.com. Archived from the original on September 12, 2015.
In the most conservative terms, it is inarguable that the success of the Star Wars comics was a significant factor in Marvel’s survival through a couple of very difficult years, 1977 and 1978. In my mind, the truth is stated in the title of this piece.
- Miller, John Jackson (March 7, 1997), "Gone but not forgotten: Marvel Star Wars series kept franchise fans guessing between films", Comics Buyer's Guide, Iola, Wisconsin (1216), p. 46,
The industry's top seller? We don't have complete information from our Circulation Scavenger Hunt for the years 1979 and 1980, but a very strong case is building for Star Wars as the industry's top-selling comic book in 1979 and its second-place seller (behind Amazing Spider-Man) in 1980.
- Star Wars: Return of the Jedi at the Grand Comics Database
- Allison, Keith (December 25, 2014). "A Long Time Ago ..." The Cultural Gutter. Retrieved March 2, 2017.
- Allison, Keith (January 22, 2015). "... In a Galaxy Far, Far Away". The Cultural Gutter. Retrieved March 2, 2017.
- Newbold, Mark (April 15, 2013). "Star Wars in the UK: The Dark Times, 1987—1991". StarWars.com. Retrieved March 16, 2017.
- Greene, Jamie (January 18, 2018). "Everything You'd Ever Want To Know About Star Wars: Droids". Syfy Wire. Archived from the original on January 20, 2019. Retrieved January 20, 2019.
- "Ewoks #10 - The Demons of Endor". Star Wars Holocron. February 21, 2012. Retrieved November 11, 2018.
- Veekhoven, Tim (October 30, 2015). "West End Games: Expanding That Galaxy Far, Far Away". Starwars.com. Retrieved February 27, 2017.
- Newbold, Mark (April 15, 2013). "Star Wars in the UK: The Dark Times, 1987–1991". StarWars.com. Retrieved July 19, 2019.
- "The New York Times Best Seller List" (PDF). Hawes.com. June 30, 1991. Retrieved March 1, 2017.
- "Critical Opinion: Heir to the Empire Reviews". StarWars.com. April 4, 2014. Archived from the original on July 14, 2014. Retrieved February 27, 2017.
- Breznican, Anthony (November 2, 2012). "Star Wars sequel author Timothy Zahn weighs in on new movie plans". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved July 21, 2016.
- "Timothy Zahn: Outbound Flight Arrival". StarWars.com. January 31, 2006. Archived from the original on February 4, 2006. Retrieved July 21, 2016.
- Kaminski, Michael. The Secret History of Star Wars (3rd ed.). pp. 289–291.
- Cronin, Brian (November 29, 2007). "Comic Book Urban Legends Revealed #131". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved February 27, 2017.
- Lindbergh, Ben (August 29, 2019). "The Emperor Strikes Back". The Ringer.
- Hidalgo, Pablo (2012). Star Wars: The Essential Reader's Companion. Del Rey. ISBN 9780345511195.
- Chee, Leland (October 27, 2006). "The Current State of Continuity and Cross-Media Storytelling". starwars.com.
- Kausch, Allan; Rostoni, Sue (Fall 1994). "Star Wars Publications Timeline". Star Wars Insider (23).
- Webster, Andrew (December 2, 2012). "The Classics: Star Wars: Shadows of the Empire". The Verge. Retrieved March 2, 2017.
- "Shadows of the Empire Checklist". Rebelscum.com. Retrieved March 2, 2017.
- Gonzales, Dave (December 22, 2016). "The Greatest 'Star Wars' Spinoff Movie Was Everything but a Movie". Thrillist. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
- Bacon, Tom (January 23, 2017). "Thrawn, The Next Star Wars Novel, Promises To Transform The Franchise". Moviepilot. Archived from the original on March 12, 2017. Retrieved March 4, 2017.
- Britt, Ryan (July 6, 2016). "Star Wars Was Nearly Ruined By A Hacky Alien Invasion Storyline". The Huffington Post. Retrieved March 1, 2017.
- Eng, Dinah (June 23, 2004). "Star Wars books are soldiering on". USA Today. Archived from the original on November 20, 2013. Retrieved February 28, 2017.
- Whitbrook, James (January 15, 2018). "The Expanded Universe Story That Led to Lucasfilm Re-Writing Star Wars Canon". io9. Retrieved January 16, 2018.
- Siegel, Lucas (February 20, 2017). "Star Wars: Dave Filoni Explains George Lucas and Lucasfilm's Relationship with Legends". Comicbook.com. Retrieved February 24, 2017.
- Tremeer, Eleanor (March 6, 2017). "From Leia Organa To Rey: 6 Most Powerful Female Jedi In Star Wars". Moviepilot. Archived from the original on February 9, 2017. Retrieved March 10, 2017.
- Filoni, Dave; Gutierrez, Andi (August 12, 2016). "Dave Filoni Extended Interview: The Star Wars Show". Official Star Wars YouTube channel. 40:51. Retrieved January 28, 2017.
- "100 Top Animated Series: 21. Star Wars: Clone Wars (2003 TV series)". IGN. 2009. Archived from the original on February 28, 2017. Retrieved February 28, 2017.
- Granshaw, Lisa (April 29, 2015). "How the Clone Wars microseries led the way for Star Wars' return to TV". Blastr. Retrieved March 1, 2017.
- "George Lucas Talks Star Wars: The Clone Wars". StarWars.com. March 17, 2008. Archived from the original on June 4, 2011.
- Franich, Darren (March 11, 2013). "Star Wars TV: Clone Wars canceled, Detours postponed". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved February 23, 2017.
- Itzkoff, Dave (February 14, 2014). "Clone Wars Moves to Netflix". The New York Times. Retrieved February 28, 2017.
- Goldman, Eric (March 8, 2014). "Star Wars: The Clone Wars – Season 6 "The Lost Missions" Review". IGN. Retrieved March 1, 2017.
- Sanchez, Robert (January 29, 2007). "NEW Animated Star Wars: Clone Wars Series Fully in Production!". IESB.net. Archived from the original on February 29, 2008. Retrieved January 25, 2013.
- Kaminski, Michael (2008) . The Secret History of Star Wars. Legacy Books Press. p. 494. ISBN 978-0-9784652-3-0.
- Boucher, Geoff (May 7, 2008). "George Lucas: Star Wars won't go beyond Darth Vader". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 28, 2017.
- "Star Wars Trilogy Deleted Scenes". Studio Remarkable. Retrieved February 17, 2020.
- Chee, Leland (July 20, 2012). "What is the Holocron?". StarWars.com. Archived from the original on November 28, 2012. Retrieved August 3, 2016.
- Leonard, Devin (March 7, 2013). "How Disney Bought Lucasfilm—and Its Plans for Star Wars". Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved August 3, 2016.
- Baker, Chris (August 18, 2008). "Meet Leland Chee, the Star Wars Franchise Continuity Cop". Wired. Retrieved March 9, 2013.
- Chee, Leland (July 19, 2012). "Introducing… Leland Chee". StarWars.com. Archived from the original on March 16, 2013. Retrieved March 9, 2013.
- "Jedi Holocron". StarWars.com. Retrieved January 26, 2017.
- Chee, Leland (August 20, 2012). "SWCVI: The Holocron Keeper at Celebration". StarWars.com. Retrieved February 26, 2017.
- Whitbrook, James (February 2, 2015). "A Brief History Of Star Wars Canon, Old And New". Gizmodo. Retrieved January 27, 2017.
- Chee, Leland (October 4, 2006). "Holocron continuity database question". StarWars.com. Archived from the original on November 15, 2006. Retrieved October 23, 2018.
- Owen, Phil (October 7, 2015). "It's An Awkward Time To Be A Star Wars Fan". Kotaku. Australia. Retrieved November 4, 2018.
- "Sue Rostoni, LucasBooks Managing Editor". Star Wars Gamer. Wizards of the Coast (6). July 2001.
- Sansweet, Steve (August 17, 2001). "Ask the Lucasfilm Jedi Council". StarWars.com. Archived from the original on February 5, 2002. Retrieved August 4, 2016.
- "Interview with George Lucas". Starlog (337). August 2005.
- Schou, Solvej (December 21, 2012). "Mickey meets Star Wars: Walt Disney Co. completes acquisition of Lucasfilm". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved August 26, 2016.
- "Disney To Acquire Lucasfilm Ltd" (press release). The Walt Disney Company. October 30, 2012. Retrieved August 26, 2016.
- Bricken, Rob (January 9, 2014). "Disney appoints a group to determine a new, official Star Wars canon". Gizmodo. Retrieved January 27, 2017.
- Moore, Trent (January 7, 2014). "Here's how Disney + Lucas plan to define (and redefine) Star Wars canon". Blastr. Retrieved August 2, 2016.
- McMillan, Graeme (May 22, 2015). "Star Wars: Meet the Man Responsible for Keeping the Story Straight". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved January 26, 2017.
- Newby, Richard (April 17, 2019). "Where Star Wars Can Go After the Skywalker Saga". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved April 17, 2019.
- "10 Things In Star Wars EU Canon That Disney Erased". ScreenRant. May 20, 2019.
- "The Legendary Star Wars Expanded Universe Turns a New Page". StarWars.com. April 25, 2014. Retrieved May 26, 2016.
- McMilian, Graeme (April 25, 2014). "Lucasfilm Unveils New Plans for Star Wars Expanded Universe". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved May 26, 2016.
- "Disney and Random House announce relaunch of Star Wars Adult Fiction line". StarWars.com. April 25, 2014. Retrieved May 26, 2016.
- Heddle, Jennifer (April 25, 2014). "Jennifer Heddle on Twitter: "@avgoins Yes."". Twitter.
- "Star Wars Insider Magazine Fiction Is Canon". Lightsaber Rattling. Retrieved May 30, 2014.
- Keyes, Rob (March 21, 2017). "How Star Wars Is Almost More Sacrosanct Than Real History". Screen Rant. Retrieved March 21, 2017.
- Goldman, Eric (August 30, 2014). "Star Wars: A New Dawn Review". IGN. Retrieved May 27, 2016.
- "Star Wars Rebels: Spark of Rebellion Premieres Friday, October 3 on Disney Channel". StarWars.com. Retrieved December 29, 2014.
- Brooks, Dan (July 26, 2014). "SDCC 2014: Inside Marvel's New Star Wars Comics". StarWars.com. Retrieved August 20, 2016.
- Wheeler, Andrew (July 26, 2014). "Force Works: Marvel Announces Three New Star Wars Titles From All-Star Creative Teams". Comics Alliance. Retrieved August 20, 2016.
- Yehl, Joshua (July 26, 2014). "SDCC 2014: Marvel Announces 3 Star Wars Comics for 2015". IGN. Retrieved August 20, 2016.
- McClintock, Pamela (December 7, 2015). "Star Wars: The Force Awakens: When the Film Opens Around the World". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved February 26, 2017.
- Skrebels, Joe (April 21, 2016). "Star Wars Fans Buy Billboard Pleading For Return of Expanded Universe". IGN. Retrieved November 3, 2018.
- Truitt, Brian (July 16, 2016). "Thrawn to make grand appearance in Star Wars Rebels". USA Today. Retrieved July 16, 2016.
- "The Rebels Face Grand Admiral Thrawn When Star Wars Rebels Season Three Premieres Saturday, September 24". StarWars.com. August 8, 2016. Retrieved September 25, 2016.
- Krupa, Daniel; Goldman, Eric (July 17, 2016). "Star Wars Celebration 2016: Rebels Will Treat Thrawn As A Vader-Level Threat". IGN. Retrieved July 21, 2016.
- Lussier, Germain. "Star Wars Battlefront II Will Tell a Canon Story of Imperial Revenge (and Have Last Jedi DLC)". io9. Retrieved August 20, 2018.
- "Star Wars Resistance Trailer Revealed | StarWars.com". StarWars.com. August 17, 2018. Retrieved August 20, 2018.
- "Jon Favreau to Executive Produce and Write Live-Action Star Wars Series | StarWars.com". StarWars.com. Retrieved August 20, 2018.
- "SDCC 2018: Star Wars: The Clone Wars to Return with New Episodes | StarWars.com". StarWars.com. July 19, 2018. Retrieved August 20, 2018.
- "Lucasfilm to Launch Star Wars: The High Republic Publishing Campaign in 2020". StarWars.com. Retrieved March 6, 2020.
- Official website (Archived)