Expressways of India

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A section of Delhi–Noida Direct (DND Flyway)

Expressways are the highest class of roads in India. In India, expressways are controlled-access highways where entrance and exit is controlled by the use of ramps that are incorporated into the design of the expressway, whereas National highways are at-grade roads. Some roads are not access controlled, but are still officially called expressways, such as the Biju Expressway.

The majority of the investment required for constructing expressways comes from the Central Government. Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra are the only states which are investing in building expressways through dedicated expressway corporations.[1]

The National Expressways Authority of India (NEAI) operating under the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways will be in-charge of the construction and maintenance of expressways.[2] The National Highways Development Project by the Government of India aims to expand the country's current expressway network and plans to add an additional 18,637 km of greenfield expressways by 2022 apart from existing national highways.[3]

Bharatmala, a centrally-sponsored and funded road and highways project of the Government of India[4] with a target of constructing 83,677 km[5] of new highways over the next five years, was started in 2018.[6] Phase I of the Bharatmala project involves the construction of 34,800 km of highways (including the remaining projects under NHDP) at an estimated cost of ₹5.35 lakh crore by 2021–22.[7]

Characteristics[edit]

Currently, approximately 1,642.5 km of expressways are operational in India.[citation needed]

All the expressways are six or more-lane[citation needed] controlled-access highways where entrance and exit is controlled by the use of slip roads.

India has one of the lowest densities of expressways in the world.[8]

National expressways[edit]

Some expressways have been declared as national expressways and numbered as such, in the manner of national highways:

National Expressway 1: Ahmedabad–Vadodara Expressway, declared as NE 1 on March 13, 1986.[9]
National Expressway 2: Eastern Peripheral Expressway, declared as NE 2 on March 30, 2006.[10]
National Expressway 3: Delhi–Meerut Expressway, declared as NE 3 on June 18, 2020.[11]
National Expressway 4: Vadodara–Mumbai Expressway, declared as NE 4 on January 10, 2020.[12]
National Expressway 5: Delhi-Gurdaspur stretch of Delhi–Amritsar–Katra Expressway, declared as NE 5 on June 25, 2020.[13]
National Expressway 5A: Nakodar-Amritsar spur of Delhi–Amritsar–Katra Expressway, declared as NE 5A on September 17, 2020.[14]

List of expressways[edit]

Operational[edit]

Only operational length is shown. Total length listed in this table is 1,642.5 km (1,020.6 mi). AC- Access controlled

Name States Length (km/mi) Lanes Year OSM Remarks
Agra–Lucknow Expressway (AC)[15] Uttar Pradesh 302 km (187.7 mi) 6 2017 [16] Longest expressway in India[17]
Ahmedabad–Vadodara Expressway (AC)[18] Gujarat 93.1 km (57.8 mi) 4 2004 National Expressway 1
Bangalore Elevated Tollway(AC)[19] Karnataka 9.9 km (6.2 mi) 4 2010
Belghoria Expressway[20] West Bengal 8 km (5.0 mi) 4 2012 Part of AH1
Chennai Bypass(AC)[21] Tamil Nadu 32 km (19.9 mi) 4-6 2010 [22]
Delhi–Faridabad Skyway(AC)[23][24] Delhi, Haryana 4.4 km (2.7 mi) 6 2010 Part of NH44
Delhi–Gurgaon Expressway[25] Delhi, Haryana 27.7 km (17.2 mi) 6-8 2008 [26] Part of Golden Quadrilateral
Delhi–Meerut Expressway (AC)[27] Delhi, Uttar Pradesh 31 km (19.3 mi)
(Partially opened)
6-14 2018 India's widest expressway[28]
Delhi–Noida Direct Flyway (AC)[29] Delhi, Uttar Pradesh 9.2 km (5.7 mi) 8 2001
Eastern Freeway (Mumbai) (AC)[30][31][32] Maharashtra 16.8 km (10.44 mi) 4-8 2013 [33]
Eastern Peripheral Expressway (AC) Uttar Pradesh, Haryana 135 km (83.9 mi) 6 2018 [34] National Expressway 2
Elevated Road Amritsar[35] Punjab 4.5 km (2.8 mi) 4 2014
Guntur-Vijayawada Expressway Andhra Pradesh 32 km (19.9 mi) 6 Part of NH16
Himalayan Expressway Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh 27.1 km (16.8 mi) 4
Hindon Elevated Road[36] Uttar Pradesh 10.3 km (6.4 mi) 6 2018 [37]
IT Expressway (AC) Tamil Nadu 20 km (12 mi) 6 2008 Also State Highway 49A
Jaipur Elevated Road[38] Rajasthan 8 km (5.0 mi) 4 2014
Mumbai–Pune Expressway (AC)[39] Maharashtra 94.5 km (58.7 mi) 6 2002 [40] India's First 6 lane expressway
Noida–Greater Noida Expressway (AC)[41] Uttar Pradesh 24.5 km (15.2 mi) 6 2012 [42]
Outer Ring Road, Chennai (AC)[43] Tamil Nadu 60 km (37.3 mi) 6 2014 [44]
Outer Ring Road, Hyderabad (AC)[45] Telangana 158 km (98.2 mi) 8 2018 [46]
P.V. Narasimha Rao Expressway (AC)[47][48] Telangana 11.6 km (7.2 mi) 4 2009
Panipat Elevated Expressway[49] Haryana 10 km (6.2 mi) 6 2008
Western Freeway (Mumbai) (AC)[50] Maharashtra 29.3 km (18.2 mi)
(Partially opened)
4-8 2009
Western Peripheral Expressway (AC) Haryana 135.6 km (84.3 mi) 6 2018 [51]
Yamuna Expressway (AC)[52][53] Uttar Pradesh 165 km (102.5 mi) 6 2012 [54]
TOTAL 1459.4 km (906.8 mi) 2020

Under construction[edit]

  • Construction yet to start

Total length listed in this table is 8,421 km (5,232.6 mi).

Name States Length (km/mi)
Ahmedabad–Dholera Expressway* Gujarat 110 km (68 mi)
Airoli–Katai Naka Freeway Maharashtra 12.3 km (7.6 mi)
Amritsar-Bathinda-Jamnagar Expressway[55] Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Gujarat 1,316 km (817.7 mi)
Amritsar Ring Road[56] Punjab 98 km (60.9 mi)
Bangalore–Mysore Infrastructure Corridor*[57] Karnataka 111 km (69.0 mi)
Bundelkhand Expressway[58] Uttar Pradesh 296 km (183.9 mi)
Chennai Port–Maduravoyal Expressway[59] Tamil Nadu 19 km (11.8 mi)
Coastal Road (Mumbai) Maharashtra 29.2 km (18.1 mi)
DND KMP Expressway Delhi 59 km (37 mi)
Delhi–Amritsar–Katra Expressway*[60] Delhi, Haryana, Punjab, Jammu and Kashmir 687 km (427 mi)
Delhi–Meerut Expressway[61] Delhi, Uttar Pradesh 65 km (40.4 mi)
Delhi–Mumbai Expressway[62] Haryana, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh 1,352 km (840 mi)
Dwarka Expressway Delhi, Haryana 27.6 km (17.1 mi)
Jaipur super Expressway Haryana, Rajasthan 195.1 km (121.2 mi)
Faridabad–Noida–Ghaziabad Expressway Delhi, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh 56 km (35 mi)
Ganga Expressway* Uttar Pradesh 628 km (390.2 mi)
Ambala–Narnaul Expressway (Trans-Haryana Expressway) Haryana 230 km (142.9 mi)
Gorakhpur Link Expressway[63] Uttar Pradesh 91 km (56.5 mi)
Kanpur–Lucknow Expressway* Uttar Pradesh 66 km (41 mi)
Loknayak Ganga Path[64] Bihar 21.5 km (13.4 mi)
Lucknow Outer Ring Road Uttar Pradesh 94 km (58 mi)
Ludhiana Elevated corridor Punjab 13 km (8.1 mi)
Mumbai Trans Harbour Link Maharashtra 21.8 km (13.5 mi)
Mumbai–Nagpur Expressway[65] Maharashtra 701 km (435.6 mi)
Peripheral Ring Road* Karnataka 65.5 km (40.7 mi)
Purvanchal Expressway[66] Uttar Pradesh 340.824 km (211.8 mi)
Raipur–Vishakhapatnam Expressway* Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh 465 km (288.9 mi)
Sohna Elevated Corridor[67] Delhi NCR 21 km (13.0 mi)
Varanasi Ring Road[68][69] Uttar Pradesh 63 km (39 mi)
Wazirabad–Mayur Vihar Elevated Expressway* Delhi NCR 18 km (11 mi)
TOTAL 7,807.8 km (4,851 mi)

Planned/proposed[edit]

Name States Length (km/mi)
Outer Ring Road, Amaravati[70] Andhra Pradesh 220 km (136.7 mi)
Amaravati–Anantapur Expressway[71] Andhra Pradesh 371.03 km (230.5 mi)
Bangalore–Chennai Expressway[72] Karnataka, Tamil Nadu 240 km (149.1 mi)
Bangalore–Mysore Infrastructure Corridor[57] Karnataka 111 km (69.0 mi)
Chambal Expressway[73] Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh 404 km (251 mi)
Chennai Elevated Expressways[74] Tamil Nadu 10 km (6.2 mi)
Chennai Surat Expressway[57] Gujarat, Maharashtra, Telangana, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu 1,461 km (907.8 mi)
ORR Chennai, Phase II[75] Tamil Nadu 33.1 km (20.6 mi)
Delhi–Saharanpur–Dehradun Expressway Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Uttrakhand 180 km (110 mi)
GMADA Expressway Chandigarh, Haryana, Punjab 284 km (176 mi)
Kadapa Feeder Expressway[76] Andhra Pradesh 104.05 km (64.7 mi)
Kurnool Feeder Expressway[76] Andhra Pradesh 123.7 km (76.9 mi)
Nagpur–Hyderabad–Bengaluru Expressway[77] Maharashtra, Telangana, Andhra pradesh, Karnataka 1,100 km (680 mi)
Narmada Expressway[78] Madhya Pradesh 1,300 km (810 mi)
Raipur–Bilaspur Expressway[79] Chhattisgarh 127 km (79 mi)
Ganga Expressway Phase-2[80][81][82][83] Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand 424 km (263.5 mi)
Varanasi Link Expressway[84][85] Uttar Pradesh 13 km (8.1 mi)
Nagpur Vijaywada Expressway[86] Maharashtra , Telangana , Andhra Pradesh
Konkan Greenfield Expressway Maharashtra 500 km (310 mi)


Hyderabad Raipur Expressway[86] Chhattisgarh , Telangana 330 km (210 mi)
Indore Hyderabad Expressway[87] Madhya Pradesh , Telangana 713 km (443 mi)
Hyderabad Visakhapatnam Expressway[88] Telangana , Andhra Pradesh
Kota Indore Expressway[89] Rajasthan , Madhya Pradesh
TOTAL 7,352.88 km (11,833.31 mi)

Planned/proposed under Bharatmala[edit]

8-lane greenfield expressways under Bharatmala[90][91][92]
Name States Length (km/mi)
Ambala–Narnaul Expressway (Trans-Haryana Expressway) Haryana
Chennai–Salem Expressway Tamil Nadu
Delhi–Bilaspur Expressway Himachal Pradesh
Delhi–Hisar Expressway Haryana
Durg–Arang Expressway Chhattisgarh
Gurugram–Faridabad Expressway Haryana
Kharagpur–Siliguri Expressway West Bengal
Mangaluru–Chitradurga Expressway Karnataka
Pathankot–Ajmer Expressway[93] Rajasthan, Haryana, Punjab
Salem–Chengapalli Expressway Tamil Nadu
Varanasi–Ranchi–Kolkata Expressway Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, West Bengal

See also[edit]

Similar rail development
Similar roads development
Similar ports and river transport development
Similar air transport development
Highways in India
General

References[edit]

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External links[edit]