Fani Badayuni

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Fani badayuni
BornShaukat Ali Khan
Badaun, United Provinces, British India
Died27 August 1961 (aged 82)
OccupationUrdu poet, lawyer
Alma materAligarh Muslim University
GenreGhazal, Nazm

Fani Badayuni, born as Shaukat Ali Khan (1879 - 27 August 1961) (Urdu شوکت علی خان فانی بدایونی ), was an Urdu poet.[1][2]

Early life[edit]

Shaukat Ali Khan Fani Badayuni was born in Islamnagar, Badaun, Uttar Pradesh, (then United Provinces) to Shujath Ali Khan, a Zamindar and later with the police as Thanedar (SHO).[citation needed] His great grandfather, Nawab Akbar Ali Khan, had lost his property during the Indian Mutiny.[citation needed] He was schooled at Government Height School and graduated from Barreilly College in 1901, studied law at Aligarh Muslim University, earning in 1906.[citation needed]


Badayuni started composing poetry around twenty years of age.[3] He translated works of Shakespeare and Milton in Urdu.[citation needed] He practiced law in Bareilly and Lucknow and later at Civil courts in Agra, but could not make much success.[citation needed] He published an Urdu magazine but closed it in 1931.[citation needed]

In Hyderabad Deccan[edit]

Badayuni migrated to Hyderabad Deccan after The Nizam's Diwan Maharaja Kishan Prasad 'Shad', an Urdu lover and poet, got Fani appointed in the department of Education.[4]

Badayuni was initially offered to join as a munsif (Judge) as he was a Law Graduate.[citation needed] But he did not accept it since he was moving from the city. He later accepted the post of a school head master in Hyderabad.[citation needed] During the day, he would attend school and at night would attend Moazzam Jah's court till early hours. These late nights did not give him enough time to continue at school as head master, he would sleep at the office chair. News spread that he was removed from the post.[citation needed]

Badayuni was associated with the Junior Prince Moazzam Jah's nocturnal court throughout his life in Hyderabad.[citation needed] With him at the court were Josh Malihabadi, Sadiq Jaisi, Maher Ul Quadri and others.[citation needed]


His first collection of poems was published in 1917 from Badaun by Naqib Press. His other published works are:-

  • Baqiyat-e-Fani (1926) published by Maktab-e-Agra
  • Irfaniyat-e-Fani (1938) published by Anjuman Taraqqi Urdu[5]
  • Fani ki nadir tahriren: Havashi, tasrihat aur tanqidi ja'ize ke sath by Shaukat Ali Khan Fani Badayuni (1968)
  • Intikhab-i Fani (Silsilah-yi matbu°at) by Shaukat °Ali Khan Fani Badayuni
  • Irfaniyat-i-Fani: Ya'ni Janab Shaukat Ali Khan Sahib Fani Badayuni ke qadim-o-jadid kalam ka mukammal majmu'ah (Silsilah-e-Anjuman-e
  • Taraqqi Urdu) by Shaukat Ali Khan Fani Badayuni (1939)
  • Kulliyat-i Fani (Silsilah-e-matbu'at) by Shaukat Ali Khan Fani Badayuni (1992)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Delhi's own muse and more". The Hindu. Retrieved 1 December 2016.
  2. ^ the second most celebrated son of the sleepy Awadh town
  3. ^ Encyclopaedia of Indian literature vol. 2
  4. ^ The Last Nizam By Basant K. Bawa page 59
  5. ^ Encyclopaedia of Indian literature vol. 2

Further reading[edit]

  • Fani Badayuni (Urdu writer) by Mughni Tabassum, pp. 92 (1993)
  • Jadid Urdu Shairi by Abdl Qadir Sarwari (1946)
  • Tareekh-o-tanqeed Adabiyat-e-Urdu by Hamid Husain Qadri (1947) Agra
  • A History of Urdu Literature by Muhammad Sadiq-(1967)

Other references[edit]

A detailed account of Fani's personal life can be found in the Urdu book Durbaar-e-Durbaar, by Sadq Jaisi and in the English translation (The Nocturnal Court) of the same book by Narendera Luther.[citation needed]

External links[edit]