Fauna of Honduras
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The republic of Honduras is a Central American country, geographically situated inside the tropics, this habitat allows thousand of species to adapt easily to its lands, therefore has a wide variety of flora and fauna species, humans among them.
Many of these species are becoming extinct, which has posed to the Honduran government, offices and naturalist organizations that promote and look after the protection so much the biodiversity of species, like the existent natural reservations.
Big animals are not very numerous but there are hundreds of reptile species, amphibians, and birds; lizards and a lot of varieties of fish in the currents. Bats and myriads of birds abound in the trees.
Among the mammals:
- Tapir (Tapirus bairdii),
- Wild boar
- Pecarí (Tayassu pecari),
- Jagüilla (Sus americanensis),
- Jaguar (Felis onca),
- Cougar (Felis concolor)
- Tigrillo (Leopardus pardalis),
- Caucel (Felis wiedii),
- Yaguarundi (Herpailurus yagouaroundi),
- Spectral bat (Vampyrum spectrum)
- Wagner's bonneted bat (Eumops glaucinus)
- Pizote Alone (Nasua narica),
- Mapachín (Procyon lotor),
- I dare anteater (Myrmecophaga tridactyla)
Birds are varied and very abundant, among which:
- Colibríes or sparrows in more than 20 different species; One of them is the emerald colibrí, an endemic species.
- The viudita (Trogon rufus),
- The bird carpenter (Campephilus guatemalensis),
- The lechuza (Pulsatrix perspicillata),
- The tecolote (Ciccaba virgata),
- The Tucán or beak of razor (Ramphastos sulfuratus and Pteroglossus torquatus),
- Lora yellow nape (Amazona ochrocephala),
- perico Green of the coast (Aratinga finschi),
- King zopilote or condor centroamericano (Sarcoramphus papa)
There are 264 species of reptiles known from Honduras, including 59 species that are endemic to the country. These include crocodilians (two species, the spectacled caiman Caiman crocodilus and the American crocodile Crocodylus acutus), lizards (103 species), snakes (142 species), and turtles (17 species).
The reptiles include the following:
- Common lancehead Bothrops atrox
- Hognosed pitviper Porthidium nasutum
- Common northern boa Boa constrictor imperator
- South American rattlesnake Crotalus durissus
- Brown basilisk Basiliscus vittatus
- Green sea turtle Chelonia mydas
There are 137 species of amphibians (frogs, toads, salamanders, and caecilians) known from Honduras, including 52 species that are endemic to the country. Anurans are the most species-rich group (97 species), followed by salamanders (38 species) and caecilians (2 species). While new species are still expected to be discovered, chytridiomycosis and deforestation are threats to the amphibian fauna. At least one species, the frog Craugastor chrysozetetes, is believed to be extinct.
The coasts of Honduras, to the north and east are on the Caribbean and in the south by the Gulf of Fonseca. In the turquoise waters of the Sea Caribbean can appreciate by means of diving the Coral reefs with their diversity of calcareous seaweeds, red seaweeds, (Rhodophyta), like marine meadows, among other aquatic plants that tackle a natural ecosystem.
|Biodiversity of Honduras|
|Dolphin||Jaguar||Cebus capucinus||Tayassu tajacu|
|Iguana||Boa constrictor||Caretta caretta||Cephalopholis fulva|
|Tucan||Plough ambiguous||Harpia harpyja||Pionus senilis|
- Flora and Fauna of Honduras
- Geography of Honduras
- Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve
- La Tigra National Park
- List of national parks of Honduras
- Climate of Honduras
- Education in Honduras
- McCranie, James R. (2015). "A checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with additions, comments on taxonomy, some recent taxonomic decisions, and areas of further studies needed". Zootaxa. 3931 (3): 352–386. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3931.3.2. PMID 25781832.
- Cruz, G., Wilson, L.D. & McCranie, R. (2004). "Craugastor chrysozetetes". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2004: e.T56513A11488131. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T56513A11488131.en.CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link)