Fauna of Honduras

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The republic of Honduras is a Central American country, geographically situated inside the tropics, this habitat allows thousand of species to adapt easily to its lands, therefore has a wide variety of flora and fauna species, humans among them.

Sight of a shark near the Island of Útila in Honduras

Many of these species are becoming extinct, which has posed to the Honduran government, offices and naturalist organizations that promote and look after the protection so much the biodiversity of species, like the existent natural reservations.

Fauna in Honduras is very rich and varied. The most common are arboreal or live in the fluvial currents lacustrine waters.

Big animals are not very numerous but there are hundreds of reptile species, amphibians, and birds; lizards and a lot of varieties of fish in the currents. Bats and myriads of birds abound in the trees.

Climate[edit]

Since there is not a cold season, thousands of varieties of insects grown on Honduras: wasps, ants, mosquitos, zancudos, jejenes and others.

Mammals[edit]

Among the mammals:

Birds[edit]

Colibrí Emerald of Honduras or amazilia Honduran

Birds are varied and very abundant, among which:

Reptiles[edit]

There are 264 species of reptiles known from Honduras, including 59 species that are endemic to the country. These include crocodilians (two species, the spectacled caiman Caiman crocodilus and the American crocodile Crocodylus acutus), lizards (103 species), snakes (142 species), and turtles (17 species).[1]

The reptiles include the following:

Amphibians[edit]

There are 137 species of amphibians (frogs, toads, salamanders, and caecilians) known from Honduras, including 52 species that are endemic to the country. Anurans are the most species-rich group (97 species), followed by salamanders (38 species) and caecilians (2 species).[1] While new species are still expected to be discovered, chytridiomycosis and deforestation are threats to the amphibian fauna.[1] At least one species, the frog Craugastor chrysozetetes, is believed to be extinct.[2]

Coral[edit]

The coasts of Honduras, to the north and east are on the Caribbean and in the south by the Gulf of Fonseca. In the turquoise waters of the Sea Caribbean can appreciate by means of diving the Coral reefs with their diversity of calcareous seaweeds, red seaweeds, (Rhodophyta), like marine meadows, among other aquatic plants that tackle a natural ecosystem.

Among the fauna that can be found on the Honduran coasts, are the Shark whale, dolphins,a variety of tropical fish, shrimp (Caridea) and many other species.

Biodiversity of Honduras
Agaveespinho2.jpg Tillandsia flabellata0.jpg AnthuriumAndraenum.jpg American Sweetgum Liquidambar styraciflua Fruit Context 2500px.jpg
Agave Tillandsia flabellata Anthurium Liquidambar
Stenella coeruleoalba-cropped.jpg Obscured jaguar.jpg White-faced capuchin monkey 6.jpeg Collared Peccary.jpg
Dolphin Jaguar Cebus capucinus Tayassu tajacu
Portrait of an Iguana.jpg Boa constrictor, Vaňkovka, Brno (2).jpg Caretta caretta01.jpg A Coney in a Vase Sponge.jpg
Iguana Boa constrictor Caretta caretta Cephalopholis fulva
Braunrückentukan edit.jpg Ara ambigua - Ara zeleny Zoo Hodonin.jpg Harpia harpyja -Belize Zoo-8.jpg Pionus senilis guatemala 2.jpg
Tucan Plough ambiguous Harpia harpyja Pionus senilis

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c McCranie, James R. (2015). "A checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with additions, comments on taxonomy, some recent taxonomic decisions, and areas of further studies needed". Zootaxa. 3931 (3): 352–386. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3931.3.2. PMID 25781832.
  2. ^ Cruz, G., Wilson, L.D. & McCranie, R. (2004). "Craugastor chrysozetetes". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2004: e.T56513A11488131. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T56513A11488131.en.CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link)
  • Decree No. 104-93 issued by the Sovereign National Congress of Honduras (consulted 2012).[1]
  • General law of the Environment and General Regulation of the Environment, Office of the Environment, Publisher Guaymuras; Honduras, 1995.
  • Database biodiversity in Honduras Wild Honduras (consulted 2012).[2]