Federal Court of Appeal
|Federal Court of Appeal|
|Authorized by||Constitution Act, 1867, Federal Courts Act and Courts Administration Service Act|
|Number of positions||12|
|Since||October 17, 2014|
Section 101 of the Constitution Act, 1867 empowers the Parliament of Canada to establish "additional Courts for the better Administration of the Laws of Canada". In 1971, Parliament created the Federal Court of Canada, which consisted of two divisions: the Trial Division (which replaced the Exchequer Court of Canada) and the Appeal Division.
On July 2, 2003, the Courts Administration Service Act split the Federal Court of Canada into two separate courts, with the Federal Court of Appeal succeeding the Appeal Division and the new Federal Court succeeding the Trial Division.
The Federal Court of Appeal has original jurisdiction over applications for judicial review and appeals in respect of certain federal tribunals.
Salaries are determined annually by the Judicial Compensation and Benefits Commission. As of 2020, the Chief Justice's salary is $344,400 and the other judges, including the supernumerary judges, earn $314,100 annually.
In September 2015, the court dismissed an appeal by the Government of Canada over a ruling by the Federal Court that found a rule banning the Niqāb at citizenship ceremonies to be unconstitutional.
|Name||Date appointed||Retirement date||Nominated by prime minister||Prior judicial office|
|Marc Noël (Chief Justice)||June 23, 1998
October 9, 2014 (as Chief Justice)
|October 31, 2023||Jean Chrétien||Federal Court|
|Marc Nadon||December 14, 2001||September 7, 2024||Jean Chrétien||Federal Court|
|J.D. Denis Pelletier||December 14, 2001||December 4, 2023||Jean Chrétien||Federal Court|
|David W. Stratas||December 11, 2009||October 21, 2035||Stephen Harper||None (Partner at Heenan Blaikie LLP)|
|Johanne Gauthier||October 21, 2011||September 11, 2030||Stephen Harper||Federal Court|
|Wyman W. Webb||October 5, 2012||x||Stephen Harper||Tax Court|
|David G. Near||February 8, 2013||x||Stephen Harper||Federal Court|
|Richard Boivin||April 11, 2014||x||Stephen Harper||Federal Court|
|Donald J. Rennie||February 27, 2015||x||Stephen Harper||Federal Court|
|Yves De Montigny||June 19, 2015||July 12, 2030||Stephen Harper||Federal Court|
|Mary J.L. Gleason||June 19, 2015||x||Stephen Harper||Federal Court|
|Judith Woods||June 16, 2016||x||Justin Trudeau||Tax Court|
|John B. Laskin||June 21, 2017||x||Justin Trudeau||None (Partner at Torys LLP)|
|Marianne Rivoalen||September 20, 2018||x||Justin Trudeau||Manitoba Court of Queen's Bench|
|George R. Locke||March 7, 2019||x||Justin Trudeau||Federal Court|
|Anne Mactavish||June 22, 2019||x||Justin Trudeau||Federal Court, Canadian Human Rights Commission|
|René Leblanc||April 29, 2020||x||Justin Trudeau||Federal Court|
- Federal Courts Act, R.S.C., 1985, c. F-7, ss. 27.
- Federal Courts Act, R.S.C., 1985, c. F-7, s. 28.
- Judges Act, R.S.C., 1985, c. J-1, ss. 10(a), (b), 28(4)
- "Court of Appeal upholds landmark ruling on rights of Métis". CBC News. Retrieved 2016-02-23.
- "Court dismisses federal appeal over niqab at citizenship ceremonies". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 2016-02-23.