Field hockey at the Summer Olympics

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Field hockey at the Summer Olympics
Field hockey pictogram.svg
Governing bodyFIH
Events2 (men: 1; women: 1)
Games

Field hockey, was introduced at the Olympic Games as a men's competition at the 1908 Games in London, with six teams, including four from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.

History[edit]

Field hockey was removed from the Summer Olympic Games at the 1924 Paris Games because of the lack of an international sporting structure. The International Hockey Federation (FIH, Fédération Internationale de Hockey) was founded in Paris that year as a response to field hockey's omission. Men's field hockey became a permanent feature at the next Olympic Games, the 1928 Games in Amsterdam.

For a long time, India dominated the Olympics, winning the men's gold medal in seven out of eight Olympics from 1928 to 1964. Later, Pakistan was also dominant, winning three gold and three silver medals between 1956 and 1984. India lost their dominance after the 1980s and Pakistan after the 1990s. India won their last gold medal in 1980 and Pakistan in 1984 Games.

Since 1968, various teams from around the world have seen gold-medal success at the Olympics. Since 1968, several countries in the Southern Hemisphere have won various medals in men's and women's field hockey, including Australia, New Zealand, Argentina, and Zimbabwe. A leading group of teams from the Northern Hemisphere has come from the Netherlands and from Germany.

Spain has appeared in the most Olympic men's competitions without winning the men's gold medal, having won silver three times in 1980, 1996, 2008 and bronze once in 1960. Australia had competed in 11 Olympics without winning gold before breaking their streak in 2004.

The first women's Olympic field hockey competition was introduced by the IOC at the 1980 Summer Olympics. Olympic field hockey games were first played on artificial turf at the 1976 Montreal Olympic Games.

Until the 1988 Olympics the tournament was invitational but FIH introduced a qualification system since the 1992 games. India is the leading team in overall medal tally with 11 medals (8 gold, 1 silver and 2 bronze). India also lead in most number of gold medals.

Men[edit]

Summaries[edit]

Year Host Final Bronze medal match
Gold medal Score Silver medal Bronze medal Score Fourth place
1908
Details
London, Great Britain
Great Britain

(England)
8–1
Great Britain
(Ireland)

Great Britain
(Scotland)

Great Britain
(Wales)
[a]
1912 Stockholm, Sweden No tournament No tournament
1920
Details
Antwerp, Belgium
Great Britain
[b]
Denmark

Belgium
[b]
France
1924 Paris, France No tournament No tournament
1928
Details
Amsterdam, Netherlands
India
3–0
Netherlands

Germany
3–0
Belgium
1932
Details
Los Angeles, United States
India
[c]
Japan

United States
[c]
1936
Details
Berlin, Germany
India
8–1
Germany

Netherlands
4–3
France
1948
Details
London, Great Britain
India
4–0
Great Britain

Netherlands
1–1
4–1
(Replay)

Pakistan
1952
Details
Helsinki, Finland
India
6–1
Netherlands

Great Britain
2–1
Pakistan
1956
Details
Melbourne, Australia
India
1–0
Pakistan

United Team of Germany[d]
3–1
Great Britain
1960
Details
Rome, Italy
Pakistan
1–0
India

Spain
2–1
Great Britain
1964
Details
Tokyo, Japan
India
1–0
Pakistan

Australia
3–2
after extra time

Spain
1968
Details
Mexico City, Mexico
Pakistan
2–1
Australia

India
2–1
West Germany
1972
Details
Munich, West Germany
West Germany
1–0
Pakistan

India
2–1
Netherlands
1976
Details
Montreal, Canada
New Zealand
1–0
Australia

Pakistan
3–2
Netherlands
1980
Details
Moscow, Soviet Union
India
4–3
Spain

Soviet Union
2–1
Poland
1984
Details
Los Angeles, United States
Pakistan
2–1
after extra time

West Germany

Great Britain
3–2
Australia
1988
Details
Seoul, South Korea
Great Britain
3–1
West Germany

Netherlands
2–1
Australia
1992
Details
Barcelona, Spain
Germany
2–1
Australia

Pakistan
4–3
Netherlands
1996
Details
Atlanta, United States
Netherlands
3–1
Spain

Australia
3–2
Germany
2000
Details
Sydney, Australia
Netherlands
3–3
(5–4)
Penalty strokes

South Korea

Australia
6–3
Pakistan
2004
Details
Athens, Greece
Australia
2–1
after extra time

Netherlands

Germany
4–3
after extra time

Spain
2008
Details
Beijing, China
Germany
1–0
Spain

Australia
6–2
Netherlands
2012
Details
London, Great Britain
Germany
2–1
Netherlands

Australia
3–1
Great Britain
2016
Details
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Argentina
4–2
Belgium

Germany
1–1
(4–3)
Penalty shootout

Netherlands
2020
Details
Tokyo, Japan

Team appearances[edit]

Team United Kingdom
1908
Belgium
1920
Netherlands
1928
United States
1932
Nazi Germany
1936
United Kingdom
1948
Finland
1952
Australia
1956
Italy
1960
Japan
1964
Mexico
1968
West Germany
1972
Canada
1976
Soviet Union
1980
United States
1984
South Korea
1988
Spain
1992
United States
1996
Australia
2000
Greece
2004
China
2008
United Kingdom
2012
Brazil
2016
Japan
2020
Total
 Afghanistan 6th 8th 11th 3
 Argentina 5th 14th 14th 11th 8th 11th 9th 8th 11th 10th 1st 11
 Australia 5th 6th 3rd 2nd 5th 2nd 4th 4th 2nd 3rd 3rd 1st 3rd 3rd 6th 15
 Austria 9th 8th 7th 3
 Belgium 3rd 4th 9th 5th 9th 7th 11th 11th 9th 10th 9th 9th 5th 2nd 14
 Brazil 12th 1
 Canada 13th 10th 12th 11th 10th 10th 11th 7
 China 11th 1
 CIS 10th Defunct 1
 Cuba 5th 1
 Denmark 2nd 5th 10th 11th 16th 5
 East Germany 11th Defunct 1
 Egypt 12th 12th 2
 England 1st Part of Great Britain 1
 Finland 9th 1
 France 6th 4th 5th 4th 8th 11th 10th 10th 12th 9
 Great Britain 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 4th 9th 12th 6th 3rd 1st 6th 7th 6th 9th 5th 4th 9th 17
 Germany 5th 3rd 2nd 5th 1st 4th 5th 3rd 1st 1st 3rd 11
 Hong Kong 15th 1
 Hungary 8th 1
 India 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 2nd 1st 3rd 3rd 7th 1st 5th 6th 7th 8th 7th 7th 12th 8th 20
 Ireland 2nd 10th 2
 Italy 11th 13th 2
Team United Kingdom
1908
Belgium
1920
Netherlands
1928
United States
1932
Nazi Germany
1936
United Kingdom
1948
Finland
1952
Australia
1956
Italy
1960
Japan
1964
Mexico
1968
West Germany
1972
Canada
1976
Soviet Union
1980
United States
1984
South Korea
1988
Spain
1992
United States
1996
Australia
2000
Greece
2004
China
2008
United Kingdom
2012
Brazil
2016
Japan
2020
Total
 Japan 2nd 7th 14th 7th 13th Q 6
 Kenya 10th 7th 6th 8th 13th 9th 12th 7
 Malaysia 9th 9th 15th 8th 8th 10th 9th 11th 11th 9
 Mexico 16th 16th 2
 Netherlands 2nd 3rd 3rd 2nd 9th 7th 5th 4th 4th 6th 3rd 4th 1st 1st 2nd 4th 2nd 4th 18
 New Zealand 6th 5th 13th 7th 9th 1st 7th 8th 6th 7th 9th 7th 12
 Pakistan 4th 4th 2nd 1st 2nd 1st 2nd 3rd 1st 5th 3rd 6th 4th 5th 8th 7th 16
 Poland 6th 12th 11th 4th 12th 5
 Scotland 3rd Part of Great Britain 1
 Singapore 8th 1
 South Africa 10th 10th 12th 11th 4
 South Korea 10th 5th 2nd 8th 6th 8th 6
 Soviet Union# 3rd 7th Defunct 2
 Spain 7th 11th 3rd 4th 6th 7th 6th 2nd 8th 9th 5th 2nd 9th 4th 2nd 6th 5th 17
  Switzerland 7th 5th 5th 7th 15th 5
 Tanzania 6th 1
 Uganda 15th 1
 United Team of Germany 3rd 7th 5th Defunct 3
 United States 3rd 11th 11th 12th 11th 12th 6
 Wales 3rd Part of Great Britain 1
 West Germany 4th 1st 5th 2nd 2nd Defunct 5
 Zimbabwe 11th 1
Total 6 4 9 3 11 13 12 12 16 15 16 16 11 6 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 270
# = states or teams that have since split into two or more independent nations

45 teams have competed in at least one Olympic Games.

Women[edit]

Summaries[edit]

Year Host Final Bronze medal match
Gold medal Score Silver medal Bronze medal Score Fourth place
1980
Details
Moscow, Soviet Union
Zimbabwe
[e]
Czechoslovakia

Soviet Union
[e]
India
1984
Details
Los Angeles, United States
Netherlands
[f]
West Germany

United States
(10–5)
Penalty strokes[g]

Australia
1988
Details
Seoul, South Korea
Australia
2–0
South Korea

Netherlands
3–1
Great Britain
1992
Details
Barcelona, Spain
Spain
2–1
after extra time

Germany

Great Britain
4–3
South Korea
1996
Details
Atlanta, United States
Australia
3–1
South Korea

Netherlands
0–0
(4–3)
Penalty strokes

Great Britain
2000
Details
Sydney, Australia
Australia
3–1
Argentina

Netherlands
2–0
Spain
2004
Details
Athens, Greece
Germany
2–1
Netherlands

Argentina
1–0
China
2008
Details
Beijing, China
Netherlands
2–0
China

Argentina
3–1
Germany
2012
Details
London, Great Britain
Netherlands
2–0
Argentina

Great Britain
3–1
New Zealand
2016
Details
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Great Britain
3–3
(2–0)
Penalty shootout

Netherlands

Germany
2–1
New Zealand
2020
Details
Tokyo, Japan

Team appearances[edit]

Team Soviet Union
1980
United States
1984
South Korea
1988
Spain
1992
United States
1996
Australia
2000
Greece
2004
China
2008
United Kingdom
2012
Brazil
2016
Japan
2020
Total
 Argentina 7th 7th 2nd 3rd 3rd 2nd 7th 7
 Australia 4th 1st 5th 1st 1st 5th 5th 5th 6th 9
 Austria 5th 1
 Belgium 11th 1
 Canada 5th 6th 7th 3
 Czechoslovakia# 2nd Defunct 1
 China 5th 4th 2nd 6th 9th 5
 Germany 2nd 6th 7th 1st 4th 7th 3rd 7
 Great Britain 4th 3rd 4th 8th 6th 3rd 1st 7
 India 4th 12th 2
 Japan 8th 10th 9th 10th Q 4
 Netherlands 1st 3rd 6th 3rd 3rd 2nd 1st 1st 2nd 9
 New Zealand 6th 8th 6th 6th 12th 4th 4th 7
 Poland 6th 1
 South Africa 10th 9th 11th 10th 4
 South Korea 2nd 4th 2nd 9th 7th 9th 8th 11th 8
 Soviet Union# 3rd Defunct 1
 Spain 1st 8th 4th 10th 7th 8th 6
 United States 3rd 8th 5th 8th 12th 5th 6
 West Germany 2nd 5th Defunct 2
 Zimbabwe 1st 1
Total 6 6 8 8 8 10 10 12 12 12 12 104
# = states that have since split into two or more independent nations

Australia and the Netherlands are the only teams to have competed at almost every Olympic Games, except for only one edition; 21 teams have competed in at least one Olympic Games.

Medal table[edit]

The medal ceremony of the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome

Total[edit]

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 India (IND)[h]81211
2 Netherlands (NED)56617
3 Australia (AUS)43512
4 Great Britain (GBR)42612
5 Germany (GER)42410
6 Pakistan (PAK)3328
7 Spain (ESP)1315
8 West Germany (FRG)1304
9 Argentina (ARG)1225
10 New Zealand (NZL)1001
 Zimbabwe (ZIM)1001
12 South Korea (KOR)0303
13 Belgium (BEL)0112
14 China (CHN)0101
 Czechoslovakia (TCH)0101
 Denmark (DEN)0101
 Japan (JPN)0101
18 Soviet Union (URS)0022
 United States (USA)0022
20 United Team of Germany (EUA)0011
Totals (20 nations)333334100

Men[edit]

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 India[h]81211
2 Pakistan3328
3 Great Britain3249
4 Germany3137
5 Netherlands2439
6 Australia1359
7 West Germany1203
8 Argentina1001
 New Zealand1001
10 Spain0314
11 Belgium0112
12 Denmark0101
 Japan0101
 South Korea0101
15 Soviet Union0011
 United States0011
 United Team of Germany0011
Totals (17 nations)23232470

Women[edit]

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Netherlands3238
2 Australia3003
3 Germany1113
4 Great Britain1023
5 Spain1001
 Zimbabwe1001
7 Argentina0224
8 South Korea0202
9 China0101
 Czechoslovakia0101
 West Germany0101
12 Soviet Union0011
 United States0011
Totals (13 nations)10101030

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ There was no bronze medal match for the 1908 Games in London.
  2. ^ a b The 1920 tournament was played in a round-robin format, so there were no gold medal or bronze medal matches.
  3. ^ a b Three teams participated in the 1932 tournament, so they played a round-robin format.
  4. ^ The United Team of Germany was the combined team from West Germany and East Germany that competed together at the Olympic Games from 1956 to 1964. Then each country sent independent teams from 1968 to 1988.
  5. ^ a b Round-robin format play in 1980 for women's tournament
  6. ^ Round Robin format use in 1984 women's tournament
  7. ^ The final standings show both the United States and Australia were tied in points and had same margin in goal difference (both having scored 9 goals and conceded 7 goals), therefore a penalty stroke competition was played to decide the bronze medal winner, with the United States winning.
  8. ^ a b Includes three gold medals as British India