Flag of the Sakha Republic

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Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)
Flag of Sakha.svg
Proportion1:2[1]
AdoptedOctober 14, 1992[2]
DesignHorizontal blue, white, red and green stripes with a white circle on a blue stripe.
Designed byL. D. Sleptsova, M. G. Starostin and A. Zakharov[3]
Flag of the Yakut ASSR.svg
Flag of the Republic of the Sakha (Yakutia) under Soviet Russia as Yakut ASSR
Proportion1:2
Adopted1978
DesignThe flag of the Yakut ASSR is a variant of the flag of the Russian SFSR with the "Якутская АССР" and "Саха АССР" inscription below the hammer and sickle.

The flag of the Republic if Sakha (Yakutia) (Yakut: Саха Өрөспүүбүлүкэтин былааҕа Sakha Öröspüübülüketin Bılaağa; Russian: Флаг Республики Саха (Якутия)), in the Russian Federation, is one of the official symbols of the Sakha Republic, alongside the coat of arms and the national anthem of the Sakha Republic. The flag has four horizontal stripes. From top to bottom, the stripes are light blue (3/4 of the flag's width), white (1/16), red (1/16), and green (1/8). The flag has been used officially as the flag of the Sakha Republic since 14 October 1992.[4] The light blue stripe is charged with a white disc in the center. The diameter of the disc is 2/5 of the flag's width.[5]

Prior to 1992, the Sakha Republic existed as the Yakut Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic. Prior to 1937, Yakut ASSR used a flag with a blue canton containing the depiction of the Aurora and the name of the ASSR. After 1937, the flag of the Yakut ASSR was identical to the flag of the Russian SFSR.

Symbolism[edit]

The disc represents the northern sun. The light blue, white, and green colors stand for the sky, snow, and taiga landscape respectively. The red symbolizes the courage and constancy of the people.[6] According to the constitution of the Sakha Republic, the white disc represents the white sun of the arctic sky while the combination of blue, white and red represent Sakha's place in the Russian Federation.[7]

Legislation[edit]

The current law regulating the design and use of the flag was passed on July 15, 2004. The third chapter of Law No. 313-III "On the Official Symbols of the Sakha (Yakut) Republic" describes the symbolism, usage, placement, and the custom of flowing the flag of the Sakha Republic alongside with other flags.

History[edit]

Revolt flags[edit]

Before and after the civil war, there were several revolts in the Yakut region. The revolts mainly uses tricolor flags.

  • The first Yakut Revolt uses a black-white-red tricolor. The flag is the same as the flag of the German Empire.
  • The Tungus Revolt, which established the Tungus Republic, uses a white-green-black tricolor. The white color of the flag symbolized the Siberian snow, green symbolizes wood and taiga, and black symbolizes the ground.[8][9] The flag is identical to the flag of the Ural Republic.

As the Yakut ASSR[edit]

The first flag of the Yakut ASSR was described in the 1926 Constitution of the Yakut ASSR, which was approved on the 4th All-Yakutsk Congress of Soviets on 13 February 1926,[10] and was introduced by resolution of the 2nd session of the Yakut Central Executive Committee on the 4th convocation of September 17, 1926.[11] The flag was a red flag, with a blue canton in the top left of the flag on which the northern lights was depicted with the inscription in golden letters "ЯАССР" in the Yakut language.[12]

The flag of the Yakut ASSR was described in the 1937 Constitution of the Yakut ASSR, which was adopted by the Central Executive Committee of the Yakut ASSR on 9 March 1937, at the 9th Extraordinary Congress of Soviets of the Yakut ASSR.[13] The flag was the same with the flag of the Russian SFSR. The only difference was some additional inscriptions.[14] These inscriptions changed after a new alphabet for the Yakut language was approved by a decree of the People's Commissar of Education of the Soviet Union.[15]

A new state flag of the Yakut ASSR was adopted on June 12, 1954, by the decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the Yakut ASSR "On the State Flag of the Yakut Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic", and the official design of the flag was approved by the Law of the Yakut ASSR of June 23, 1954. The new state flag was identical with the state flag of the Russian SFSR, but with additional inscriptions.[16] The position of the inscriptions changed after the adoption of the new constitution of the Yakut ASSR on May 31, 1978.[17]

As the Sakha (Yakut) Republic[edit]

In line with the dissolution of the Soviet Union and the formation of new national entities, the Sakha Republic adopted a new constitution on April 4, 1992. There wasn't any statements regarding to the detail of the flag of the Sakha Republic on the constitution. The only statement was:

The Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) has the State Emblem, the National Flag and the National Anthem.

— Constitution of the Sakha Republic (1992), Article 140[18]

The flag of the Republic of Sakha itself was approved on 14 October 1992, by the Decree No.1158-XII, and the decree itself was adopted by the Decree No.1159-XII. At 17.50 on the same day, the flag was first hoisted over the building of the Supreme Council of the Sakha Republic, next to the flag of the Russian Federation.

The description of the flag was approved and the description of the flag was inserted into the Constitution of the Sakha Republic by the amendments of July 22, 2008.[19]

The national flag of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) is a rectangular panel consisting of four differently sized horizontal stripes of blue, white, red, and green, respectively. The ratio of the width of the stripes to the width of the flag: blue stripes – ​34 of the flag's width, white stripes – ​116 of the flag's width, red stripes – ​116 of the flag's width, green stripes – ​18 of the flag's width.
In the middle of the blue strip, there is a white circle. The diameter of the circle is ​25 of the width of the flag. The ratio of the width of the flag to its length is 1:2.

— Constitution of the Sakha Republic (1992, amended 2008), Article 47.3[20]

Designers[edit]

  • Lyudmila, Danilova Sleptsova (born 1942). Painter, Honored Artist of the Sakha Republic. Member of the Union of Artists of the Russian Federation.[21]
  • Starostin, Mikhail Gavrilovich (born 1959). Graphic designer. Member of the Union of Artists of the Russian Federation.[22]
  • Zakharova, Ayina Petrovna (born 1973). Painter, student of the Artist School of Yakutia.[23]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

Constitutions[edit]

Books[edit]

  • Antonov, P.E. (1995), Тунгусское восстание: ошибок можно было избежать [Tungus uprising: mistakes could be avoided] (in Russian), Yakutsk: Ilin
  • Gogolev, Z.V. (1961), Разгром антисоветских восстаний в 1924—1925 и 1927—1928 гг. [The defeat of the anti-Soviet uprisings in 1924–1925 and 1927–1928], Scientific posts (in Russian) (6)
  • Petrov, N.E. (1973), Орфография якутского языка [Orthography of Yakut] (in Russian), Moscow: Nauka
  • Sokolov, Vladislav Aleksandrovich (2002), Вексиллологический справочник по флагам Российской Империи и СССР [Vexillological guide on flags of the Russian Empire and the USSR] (in Russian), 1, Moscow: Moscow State Industrial University, p. 644, ISBN 978-5-276-00240-8
  • Potapov, I.A. (1994), Koryakin, K.K. (ed.), Саха Республикатын Государственнай дьаралыга уонна Государственнай былааҕа; Государственный герб и Государственный флаг Республики Саха (Якутия) [State Emblem and State Flag of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)] (in Russian and Sakha), Yakutsk: Sakha National Book Publishing, p. 68