Flora of Canada

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The flora of Canada is quite diverse, due to the wide range of ecoregions and environmental conditions present in Canada. From the warm, temperate broadleaf forests of southern Ontario to the frigid Arctic plains of Northern Canada, from the wet temperate rainforests of the west coast to the arid deserts, badlands and tundra plains, the biodiversity of Canada's plants is extensive. About 4,100 species of vascular plants are native to Canada, and about 1,200 additional non-native species are recorded as established outside cultivation there.

Lists of all plants[edit]

  • List of Canadian plants by family
A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I J K | L | M | N | O | P Q | R | S | T | U V W | X Y Z
  • List of Canadian plants by genus
A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I J K | L | M | N | O | P Q | R | S | T | U V W | X Y Z

Lists of plant types[edit]

See also[edit]


  • Nils, John Macoun; Conrad Kindberg (1883), Catalogue of Canadian plants, Geological Survey of Canada
  • Brouillet, L., F. Coursol, M. Favreau, M. Anions, P. Bélisle & P. Desmet. 2010+ VASCAN, the Database of Vascular Plants of Canada.
  • Species List for Vascular Plants, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources Natural Heritage Information Centre — retrieved May 2006.
  • S.J. Meades, D. Schnare, K. Lawrence and C. Faulkner. (2004 onwards). Northern Ontario Flora Database Website Version 1, January 2004. Algoma University College and Great Lakes Forestry Centre, Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario, Canada.
  • Manitoba Conservation Data Centre. "Plant Conservation Status Ranks, 01-Dec-2016" (PDF). Species and Plant Communities. Government of Manitoba. Retrieved 25 May 2018.
  • NatureServe Explorer