Florida's 8th congressional district
|Florida's 8th congressional district|
Florida's eighth congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
|Area||2,412 sq mi (6,250 km2)|
NOTE: This district's boundaries were changed in 2016. This map is not presently accurate.
Florida's 8th congressional district is an electoral district for the U.S. Congress and was reassigned in 2012, effective January 2013, from inland central Florida to the central Atlantic coast. The district includes Titusville, Melbourne, and Cape Canaveral The district includes all of Brevard County, as well as all of Indian River County and parts of Orange County. The district also includes the Kennedy Space Center.
List of representatives
|District created January 3, 1953|
|Donald R. Matthews||Democratic||January 3, 1953 – January 3, 1967||83rd
|William C. Cramer||Republican||January 3, 1967 – January 3, 1971||90th
|Redistricted from the 12th district, Retired to run for U.S. Senate|
|Bill Young||Republican||January 3, 1971 – January 3, 1973||92nd||Redistricted to the 6th district|
|James A. Haley||Democratic||January 3, 1973 – January 3, 1977||93rd
|Redistricted from the 7th district|
|Andy Ireland||Democratic||January 3, 1977 – January 3, 1983||95th
|Redistricted to the 10th district|
|Bill Young||Republican||January 3, 1983 – January 3, 1993||98th
|Redistricted from the 6th district, Redistricted to the 10th district|
|Bill McCollum||Republican||January 3, 1993 – January 3, 2001||103rd
|Redistricted from the 5th district|
|Ric Keller||Republican||January 3, 2001 – January 3, 2009||107th
|Alan Grayson||Democratic||January 3, 2009 – January 3, 2011||111th||Lost re-election|
|Daniel Webster||Republican||January 3, 2011 – January 3, 2013||112th||Redistricted to the 10th district|
|Bill Posey||Republican||January 3, 2013 – present||113th
|Redistricted from the 15th district|
|Election results from presidential races|
|2008||President||Obama 52 - 47%|
|2004||President||Bush 55 - 44%|
|2000||President||Bush 53 - 45%|
Incumbent Republican Bill McCollum (67.47%) won easily over progressive Democrat and actor Al Krulick (32.52%).
Incumbent McCollum faced Krulick for the second time. McCollum won 66%-34%, a nearly identical margin from 1996. He won his seat for the tenth (and final) time. Despite some minor losses in the midterm for the GOP, McCollum was among the 15 Florida Republican incumbents who all won re-election.
Twenty year veteran Republican incumbent Bill McCollum retired from the seat, to run (unsuccessfully) for the open Senate seat in Florida. The open seat in District 8 would be fought between former Orange County Commission Chairwoman Linda Chapin (Democrat) and attorney Ric Keller (Republican).
Keller endured a rough primary, which went to a runoff between himself and state representative Bill Sublette. Sublette had received the most votes in the September 5th primary (43.41%), but not enough to avoid a runoff. On October 3rd, Keller flipped the results, and won the two-man primary 51.94%-48.06%.
Chapin quickly raised over $1.4 million in campaign contributions, more than Sublette and Keller combined. In the general election, Chapin touted her public experience over Keller, who was political newcomer and a virtual unknown. Keller attacked Chapin as anti-gun rights, and for a record of fiscal irresponsibility. He famously cited her spending of $18,500 in county funds for a bronze sculpture of a frog.
Keller narrowly won the traditionally republican-leaning district by a margin of 51% to 49%.
|Write-ins||Clay O. Hill||6||0.00|
After the 2001 Congressional re-apportionment, Florida's 8th District was redistricted from a near equal representation (Democrat-Republican) to one that included seven percent more Republicans than Democrats.
Keller readily won the 2002 Congressional election against Democrat Eddie Diaz, winning with 65% of the vote.
In 2004 Keller won his third term with 60% of the vote against Democratic challenger Stephen Murray.
Keller managed to hold on to his seat in the midst of a Democratic wave that was swept the country that November. Keller had been slipping in popularity, winning by lower margins in two consecutive elections. He also had been mildly lampooned by local media with the nickname "Cheeseburger Ric," for introducing the "Cheeseburger Bill" to the house floor in 2003 and again in 2005.
|Republican||Ric Keller (inc.)||95,258||52.79|
Despite a prior pledge to serve only four terms, Congressman Ric Keller was running for his fifth term in the House of Representatives. Todd Long, a conservative Orlando attorney and radio talk show host, announced he would challenge Keller in the Republican primary, promising to make an issue of the broken term-limits pledge. The Keller-Long primary fight intensified over the summer, with Keller's term limit retraction, as well as his vote against The Surge making him increasingly vulnerable to defeat. However, just days before the August 26 primary, Keller sent out a mailer exposing Long's arrest record, a DUI, and another trespass warning. Keller won the primary with a 53%-47% margin, but his reputation took a hit, as many saw the mailer as a political "dirty trick."
Keller's Democratic opponent was attorney and progressive activist Alan Grayson, who emerged as the surprise victor of a large Democratic primary field which included moderate Democrat and long-time Central Florida political operative Charlie Stuart, attorney Mike Smith, engineer Alexander Fry, and recent law school graduate Quoc Van.
Grayson defeated Keller in the November general election receiving 52% of the vote, the same share as Barack Obama on the top of the ballot. Democratic activists in the district had mounted an aggressive campaign to register traditionally Democratic union workers and an increasing Hispanic (primarily Puerto Rican) demographic in the district. The general election was heated, with "mudslinging" and attack ads by both sides on television and in mailers. The race gained considerable national attention.
|Republican||Ric Keller (incumbent)||159,490||48.0|
|Democratic gain from Republican|
Freshman Democrat incumbent Alan Grayson ran unopposed for the nomination, while the Republican side was won by former State Senate Majority Leader and Speaker of the Florida House of Representatives Daniel Webster. After less than two years in congress, Grayson had become known as a firebrand liberal and outspoken critic on the House floor, often to the point of controversy even from members of his own party. GOP leaders early on targeted Grayson and this district, which had traditionally leaned republican, for challenge in the mid-term election.
Daniel Webster had initially rejected the suggestions by the Florida GOP to run for the seat, but in April 2010, he changed his mind and entered the race. Webster's name recognition and endorsements from Jeb Bush and Mike Huckabee helped him emerge as the front-runner. Webster won the GOP primary on August 24, 2010, defeating six other candidates, with 40% of the vote.
In the general election, Webster ran a traditional, conservative family values-based campaign. However, Grayson had a deep war chest fueled by a nationwide campaign fundraising network. Grayson ran attack ads, calling Webster a "draft-dodger" (Webster had received student deferments and a draft classification as medically unfit for service), and another calling Webster "Taliban Dan" for his perceived extreme right religious views on social issues.
Grayson's attack ads were criticized, and observers suggest they ultimately backfired. With just days left before voters went to the polls, Grayson was considered increasingly vulnerable to defeat. On election day, Webster defeated Grayson soundly by an 18-point margin, part of a sweeping 63-seat gain by House Republicans in the midterm election.
|Florida TEA Party||Peg Dunmire||8,324||3.78|
|No party||Steven Gerritzen (write-in)|
|Republican gain from Democratic|
|No Party Affiliation||Richard Gillmor||12,607||3.6|
|Republican||Bill Posey (incumbent)||180,728||65.8|
|Independent||Christopher L. Duncan (write-in)||61||0.0|
|Republican||Bill Posey (incumbent)||246,483||63.1|
|Republican||Bill Posey (incumbent)||218,112||60.5|
Living former representatives
As of January 2017[update], there are five former members of the U.S. House of Representatives from Florida's 8th congressional district who are currently living at this time. The most recent representative to die was Bill Young (served 1971–1973, 1983–1993) on October 18, 2013.
|Representative||Term of office||Date of birth (and age)|
|Andy Ireland||1977–1983||August 23, 1930|
|Bill McCollum||1993–2001||July 12, 1944|
|Ric Keller||2001–2009||September 5, 1964|
|Alan Grayson||2009–2011||March 13, 1958|
|Daniel Webster||2011–2013||April 27, 1949|
Historical district boundaries
From 1993 through 2012, the district was based inland within central Florida. It took in parts of Orange County (including Walt Disney World and most of Orlando), Lake County, Marion County and Osceola County.
In 2012, effective January 2013, the 8th district was reassigned to the Atlantic coast, with Brevard County and Indian River County, plus the east end of Orange County and Orlando. It is geographically the successor to the old 15th district.
- "Congressional Plan--SC14-1905 (Ordered by The Florida Supreme Court, 2-December-2015)" (PDF). Florida Senate Committee on Reapportionment. Retrieved 11 January 2017.
- Geography, US Census Bureau. "Congressional Districts Relationship Files (state-based)". www.census.gov.
- Bureau, Center for New Media & Promotion (CNMP), US Census. "My Congressional District". www.census.gov.
- "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
- See whole Florida state map for 2013, with the 8th district covering Brevard County and Indian River County: h9047_35x42L.pdf Congressional Plan: H000C9047. Chapter No. 2012-2, Laws of Florida. www.flsenate.gov. February 16, 2012.
- See the 2013 boundaries of the 8th district, covering Brevard County and eastern Orange and Indian River County in the 2013 districts map: H000C9047_map_ec.pdf, for the eastern central region of Florida. Congressional Plan: H000C9047. Chapter No. 2012-2, Laws of Florida. www.flsenate.gov. February 2012.
- "Federal Elections 2000: U.S. House Results - Florida". www.fec.gov.
- Rachel Kapochunas, "Keller’s Early ‘08 Opponent Focusing on Broken Term Limit Pledge", New York Times, December 5, 2006
- "Ric Keller faces tight race after pair of costly decisions". orlandosentinel.com.
- "Keller: GOP rival has booze history". orlandosentinel.com.
- "Capitol Briefing - Florida Rep. Keller Gets Primary Scare". washingtonpost.com.
- "Florida Department of State Division of Elections - November 4, 2008 General Election". Secretary of State of Florida. Archived from the original on 2009-04-25. Retrieved 2009-01-17.
- "Roll Call - Florida 8th District". rollcall.com.
- Mark Schlueb Alan Grayson TV ad calls Dan Webster a draft dodger Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved 9/26/10
- "America's Worst Politician". newsweek.com. 24 October 2010.
- Mark Schlueb (9/26/10) Grayson TV ad compares Webster to Taliban Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved 9/26/10.
- "Rep. Grayson Lowers the Bar - FactCheck.org". factcheck.org. 27 September 2010.
- "Grayson's 'Taliban' ad backfires". politico.com.
- "Posey wins 3rd term in House". Florida TODAY. Retrieved 7 November 2012.
- "Florida Department of State Division of Elections - November 6, 2012 General Election". Secretary of State of Florida. Retrieved 2013-03-09.
- Cite error: The named reference
FL-RESULTSwas invoked but never defined (see the help page).
- "2016 General Election November 8, 2016 Official Results". Florida Division of Elections. November 8, 2016. Retrieved December 14, 2016.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present