Francis Conyngham, 2nd Baron Conyngham

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Francis Conyngham, 2nd Baron Conyngham (born Francis Pierpoint Burton; c.1725 – 22 May 1787) was an Irish peer and politician.[1]


Burton was the eldest of two sons born to politician Francis Burton of County Clare by his wife, Mary (née Conyngham). His paternal grandfather, also named Francis Burton (1640–1714), sat in Irish parliament for Ennis from 1691–1714.[2] Originally a branch of the Musards, Lords of Stavely, the Burton family settled in Richmond, Yorkshire after the Norman conquest. Sir Edward Burton (1442–1524), knighted by Edward IV in 1460 after the Second Battle of St Albans, settled in Longnor, Shropshire. His descendant Thomas Burton moved to Ireland in 1610.[3][4]

On his maternal side, his great-grandfather was Lt.-Gen. Sir Albert Conyngham. His ancestors, Scottish Protestants whose name was spelt Cunningham, had come the Ireland during the Plantation of Ulster. His grandfather was Major General Henry Conyngham, who claimed significant lands in County Meath, including Slane Castle. Burton's uncle Henry Conyngham served in the Irish and British Parliaments. He was created Baron Conyngham of Mount Charles in 1753 and Viscount Conyngham in 1756. On 4 January 1781, he was further elevated as Earl Conyngham and additionally created Baron Conyngham, this time with a special remainder to his eldest nephew. All the titles were in the Peerage of Ireland.[2]

He was a Member of Parliament (MP) in the Irish House of Commons for Killybegs from 1753 until 1761. He then represented Clare between 1761 and 1768, a seat previously held by his father.[citation needed]

When the Earl Conyngham died childless 3 April 1781, all the titles expired, except the barony, which Burton inherited. He changed his surname to Conyngham by royal license 3 May 1781.[5][2]

Conyngham was the elder brother of William Burton Conyngham, who inherited his uncle's estates in Slane and Donegal. When he died in 1796, he left the estates to his eldest nephew, Henry.[2]

Marriage and issue[edit]

On 19 March 1750, Burton married Elizabeth Clements, eldest daughter of Nathaniel Clements and younger sister of Robert Clements, 1st Earl of Leitrim. They had twin sons and three daughters.[2][6]

The second baron died in 1787 and was succeeded by his eldest son, Henry, a politician and courtier who was elevated to Viscount Conyngham of Mount Charles in 1789. He was further elevated in 1816 to Marquess Conyngham, Earl of Mount Charles and Viscount Slane. In 1821, he was created Baron Minster of Minster Abbey in the Peerage of Great Britain.[2]


  1. ^ James Kelly, 'Conyngham, William Burton (1733–1796)', Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, September 2004
  2. ^ a b c d e f Mosley, Charles, ed. (2003). Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knighthood (107 ed.). Burke's Peerage & Gentry. p. 879. ISBN 0-9711966-2-1.
  3. ^ The Peerage of the United Kingdom of Great Britain & Ireland. 1809. p. 775. Retrieved 19 February 2018.
  4. ^ The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States of America. H.S. King & Company. 1874. pp. 180-181. Retrieved 19 February 2018.
  5. ^ A. P. W. Malcomson, P203, The Pursuit of the Heiress: Aristocratic Marriage in Ireland 1740–1840, Ulster Historical Foundation, 2006
  6. ^ Debrett, John (1836). Debrett's Peerage of England, Scotland, and Ireland. [Another]. p. 425. Retrieved 19 February 2018.

Parliament of Ireland
Preceded by
Henry Gore
Henry Conyngham
Member of Parliament for Killybegs
With: Henry Gore
Succeeded by
Richard Jones
William Gerard Hamilton
Preceded by
Murrough O'Brien
Sir Edward O'Brien, 2nd Bt
Member of Parliament for Clare
With: Sir Edward O'Brien, 2nd Bt 1761–1765
Charles MacDonnell 1765–1768
Sir Lucius O'Brien, 3rd Bt 1768–1776
Succeeded by
Edward FitzGerald
Hugh Dillon Massy
Peerage of Ireland
Preceded by
Henry Conyngham
Baron Conyngham
Succeeded by
Henry Conyngham