Frederick Lygon, 6th Earl Beauchamp
The Earl Beauchamp
|Lord Steward of the Household|
21 February 1874 – 21 April 1880
|Prime Minister||Benjamin Disraeli|
|Preceded by||The Earl of Bessborough|
|Succeeded by||The Earl Sydney|
24 June 1885 – 28 January 1886
|Prime Minister||The Marquess of Salisbury|
|Preceded by||The Lord Wolverton|
|Succeeded by||The Lord Thurlow|
19 August 1886 – March 1887
|Prime Minister||The Marquess of Salisbury|
|Preceded by||The Lord Thurlow|
|Succeeded by||The Earl Brownlow|
|Born||10 November 1830|
|Died||19 February 1891 (aged 60)|
Madresfield Court, Worcestershire
|Spouse(s)||(1) Lady Mary Stanhope|
(2) Lady Emily Pierrepont
William Lygon, 7th Earl Beauchamp
Margaret Russell, Baroness Ampthill
Maud, Lady Hoare, Viscountess Templewood
|Parents||Henry Lygon, 4th Earl Beauchamp|
Lady Susan Eliot
|Alma mater||Christ Church, Oxford|
Background and education
Beauchamp was the third son of Henry Lygon, 4th Earl Beauchamp, and Lady Susan Caroline, daughter of William Eliot, 2nd Earl of St Germans. He was educated at Eton, was President of the Oxford Union in 1851 and graduated from Christ Church, Oxford in 1856 with an MA degree.
Beauchamp was Member of Parliament for Tewkesbury from 1857 to 1863 and for West Worcestershire from 1863 to 1866. In 1859 he was appointed Civil Lord of the Admiralty. On 4 March 1866 he inherited the earldom of Beauchamp on the death of his childless brother. He served under Benjamin Disraeli as Lord Steward of the Household between 1874 and 1880 and under Lord Salisbury as Paymaster-General between 1885 and 1886 and again between 1886 and 1887. In 1874 he was sworn of the Privy Council. He was also Lord Lieutenant of Worcestershire between 1876 and 1891.
In addition to his political duties Frederick Lygon also found time to be a great philanthropist. He was one of the founders of Malvern Boys' College and later a chairman of the college council. He was also the driving force behind the building of the Almshouses and St Leonards Church at Newland, consecrated in 1864, conceived by his uncle John Reginald Pindar and his wife Charlotte. Frederick also finished the building of the church at Madresfield consecrated in 1867 which was the gift of Henry 5th Earl Beauchamp who had died before the work was completed.
Lord Beauchamp married Lady Mary Stanhope (3 February 1844 – 30 June 1876), daughter of Philip Stanhope, 5th Earl Stanhope and his wife Emily Harriet Kerrison, at St George's Church in Hanover Square, London on 18 February 1868. They had five children:
- Lady Mary Lygon (26 February 1869 – 12 September 1927), married 1905 Lt.-Col. Henry Hepburn-Stuart-Forbes-Trefusis (a son of the 20th Baron Clinton) and had issue. Lady Mary was a close friend and correspondent of her brother Lord Beauchamp. She was a friend and promoter of the composer Edward Elgar and is thought to be commemorated anonymously in one of his Enigma Variations entitled "Romanza (***)". She was the first Secretary of the English Folk Dance and Song Society, Trefusis Hall in the EFDSS HQ, Cecil Sharp House, is named for her. She was also Lady in Waiting to Queen Mary.
- Lady Susan Lygon (24 May 1870 – 28 January 1962), married 1889 Sir Robert Gilmour, 1st Baronet, and had issue.
- William Lygon, Viscount Elmley, later 7th Earl Beauchamp (1872–1938)
- Lieutenant The Hon. Edward Hugh Lygon (1873–1900), killed in the Second Boer War
- Lady Margaret Lygon (1874–1957), married the 2nd Baron Ampthill and had issue.
Lady Beauchamp died in 1876, and on 24 September 1878 Lord Beauchamp married Lady Emily Pierrepont (16 March 1853 – 11 May 1935), daughter of the 3rd Earl Manvers and his wife Georgiana Jane E. F. de Franquetot, at Perlethorpe in Nottinghamshire. They had four children, two sons and two daughters:
- Hon. Robert Lygon (9 August 1879 – 13 January 1952); m.10 Oct 1903 Cecil Albinia Arbuthnot; they had issue, one son Reginald (who died in 1976, aged 72, shortly before his half-cousin the 8th Earl; he had only daughters).
- Hon. Henry Lygon (10 April 1884 – 23 February 1936) who died unmarried aged 51.
- Lady Agnes Lygon (7 December 1880 – 1960); m. 1906 Hon. Arthur George Villiers Peel (27 Feb 1868 – 25 Apr 1956), and had issue.
- Lady Maud Lygon, later Lady Maud Hoare, and still later (1944) Viscountess Templewood (5 July 1882 – 27 December 1962) married 1909 Samuel Hoare, 1st Viscount Templewood (1880–1959); they had no issue. Lady Maud was created a Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 1927.
Lord Beauchamp died on 19 February 1891, aged 60, at his home, Madresfield Court, from a heart attack he suffered at dinner that night. His eighteen-year-old eldest son William succeeded him in the earldom. He was buried in the churchyard of St Mary the Virgin Madresfield near the south east corner of the church alongside his first wife Mary; his second wife Emily was later interred on his other side. His grave is marked by kerbing which has no inscription; in his will he had expressly forbidden any tribute or monument.
- "No. 24072". The London Gazette. 6 March 1874. p. 1519.
- Dolby, Mark, The Beauchamp Almshouses and St Leonard's Church Newland 1864 - 2014 published by Aspect design 2014, ISBN 9781908832566
- "Early History". www.beauchampstleonard.org.
- Weaver, Cora, The church of St Mary the Virgin Madresfield, revised 2013
- Seddon, Laura (15 April 2016). British Women Composers and Instrumental Chamber Music in the Early Twentieth Century. Routledge. ISBN 9781317171348.
- "Margaret Russell (née Lygon), Lady Ampthill (1874-1957), wife of 2nd Baron Ampthill; daughter of the 6th Earl Beauchamp". National Portrait Gallery, London.
- Sudden death of Earl Beauchamp, Malvern Advertiser Saturday 21 February 1891
- Funeral of the late Earl Beauchamp, Malvern Advertiser Saturday 28 February 1891
This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (March 2021)