Free Alternative

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Free Alternative

Alternativa Libera
SpokespersonMassimo Artini
PresidentClaudio Pizzuto
FoundedJanuary 2015
Dissolved15 February 2019
Split fromFive Star Movement
Merged intoItaly in Common
HeadquartersVia della Missione 10, Rome
IdeologyDirect democracy
Green politics
Democratic socialism
Political positionCentre-left
Website
www.alternativalibera.org

Free Alternative (Alternativa Libera, AL) was a political party in Italy, originally including left-wing, centrist, and right-wing elements. The party was formed in January 2015 by splinters of the Five Star Movement

History[edit]

The party was launched in January 2015 by ten deputies who had left (or had been expelled from) the Five Star Movement (M5S),[1] a populist party which had come first in the 2013 general election, over disagreements with Beppe Grillo's and Gianroberto Casaleggio's leadership. According to AL's leader, Walter Rizzetto, at its foundation, the party counted also on seven senators[2] (possibly including Italy Work in Progress and the X Movement), but the notion was never confirmed by the Senate's website and other news sources. Besides Rizzetto, the other main leader of the party was Massimo Artini.[3]

In April 2015, Gessica Rostellato, one of the party's ten deputies, left in order to join the Democratic Party[4][5][6] and, a few days later, was replaced by Toni Matarrelli, a splinter from Left Ecology Freedom, in the group.[7][8]

As of mid-July 2015, the party looked divided between its left-wing, led by Artini, whose members had been crescently involved in a dialogue with Giuseppe Civati and were pondering over joining his Possible party,[9] and its right-wing, led by Rizzetto, a conservative liberal,[10] who had been building bridges with Lega Nord and the Brothers of Italy (FdI) instead.[11][12]

In November 2015 the majority of the party (including six deputies: Artini, Matarrelli, Marco Baldassarre, Eleonora Bechis, Samuele Segoni and Tancredi Turco) joined forces with Possible and formed a joint sub-group within the Mixed Group of the Chamber. This caused the split of four deputies (Rizzetto, Sebastiano Barbanti, Mara Mucci and Aris Prodani).[13][14][15] Shortly after, Matarrelli directly joined Possible.[16] Through 2016 Rizzetto would join the Brothers of Italy,[17] Barbanti the Democratic Party,[18] and Mucci the Civics and Innovators (a split from Civic Choice),[19] while Prodani continued to sit as an independent.

In March 2017 AL was established as a full-fledged party, with Artini spokesperson and Claudio Pizzuto president.[20] Contextually, it severed its ties with Possible[21][22] (which would form a joint group with Italian Left),[23][24][25] while streghtening the ties with the group led by Federico Pizzarotti, mayor of Parma and M5S dissident too.[26] In the 2017 municipal election in Parma Pizzarotti won 34.8% of the vote and his "Effect Parma" list, supported by AL and Possible, 34.6%.[27]

On 15 February 2019 it was announced that the party would merge into Italy in Common, another party formed by M5S splinters, under the leadership of Federico Pizzarotti.[28]

Leadership[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "XVII Legislatura - Deputati e Organi Parlamentari - Composizione gruppi Parlamentari". Camera.it. Retrieved 2016-05-08.
  2. ^ "Dal Movimento 5 Stelle ad Alternativa Libera. Rizzetto: "Con 7 senatori, vogliamo contare" - La Stampa". Lastampa.it. Retrieved 2016-05-08.
  3. ^ "M5S, gli ex creano "Alternativa libera": Rizzetto capogruppo e Artini responsabile - Il Fatto Quotidiano". Ilfattoquotidiano.it. 2015-01-27. Retrieved 2016-05-08.
  4. ^ "Ex M5S Rostellato vota la fiducia sull'Italicum e aderisce al Partito democratico - Il Fatto Quotidiano". Ilfattoquotidiano.it. Retrieved 2016-05-08.
  5. ^ "Gessica Rostellato: un'altra deputata ex M5S passa al Pd". Giornalettismo. 2015-04-30. Retrieved 2016-05-08.
  6. ^ "Gessica Rostellato, la deputata padovana di Conselve passa al Pd". Padovaoggi.it. Retrieved 2016-05-08.
  7. ^ "Italicum e valzer delle poltrone, Matarrelli (Sel) pronto a passare al Pd | Imola Oggi". Imolaoggi.it. Retrieved 2016-05-08.
  8. ^ "Sancita la frattura tra Vendola e Matarrelli". Ilgazzettinobr.it. Retrieved 2016-05-08.
  9. ^ "Il Messaggero - Flashnews". Ilmessaggero.it. Retrieved 2016-05-08.
  10. ^ Pubblicato: 15/07/2015 18:44 CEST (2015-07-15). "M5s, la lunga diaspora degli ex. Due passano all'Idv, altri tre incerti, tanti strizzano l'occhio a Civati. E Alternativa libera". Huffingtonpost.it. Retrieved 2016-05-08.
  11. ^ L'Huffington Post. "Gli ex grillini si alleano con Giorgia Meloni e la Lega? Il selfie di Walter Rizzetto alla manifestazione di Fratelli d'Italia". Huffingtonpost.it. Retrieved 2016-05-08.
  12. ^ ""La numero due del Pd si deve dimettere" - Cronaca - Messaggero Veneto". Messaggeroveneto.gelocal.it. Retrieved 2016-05-08.
  13. ^ "Camera, gruppi parlamentari in fermento: Alternativa libera-Possibile, entra Civati esce Rizzetto - Il Fatto Quotidiano". Ilfattoquotidiano.it. Retrieved 2016-05-08.
  14. ^ "Ex grillini di Alternativa Libera seguono Civati: nasce Al-Possibile - Termometro Politico". Termometropolitico.it. Retrieved 2016-05-08.
  15. ^ "Civatiani ed ex M5s, nasce Alternativa Libera-Possibile". Dire.it. 2015-11-17. Retrieved 2016-05-08.
  16. ^ Nome * (2014-06-20). ""Un'altra idea dell'Italia è possibile", Matarrelli dialoga con Pippo Civati - Brindisi Oggi, news Brindisi notizie Brindisi e provincia". Brindisioggi.it. Retrieved 2016-05-08.
  17. ^ http://www.ilfattoquotidiano.it/2016/03/23/ex-m5s-walter-rizzetto-aderisce-a-fratelli-ditalia-una-scelta-di-cuore-e-non-di-calcoli/2574849
  18. ^ http://www.huffingtonpost.it/2016/03/16/barbanti-m5s-pd-minacce_n_9478262.html
  19. ^ http://espresso.repubblica.it/palazzo/2016/11/02/news/gli-ex-grillini-ora-si-scoprono-montiani-1.287150
  20. ^ http://www.agenparl.com/alternativa-libera-costituente-artini-nominato-portavoce
  21. ^ http://www.alternativalibera.org/camera-componente-parlamentare-alternativa-libera-cambia-nome
  22. ^ http://www.mainfatti.it/Alternativa-Libera/Alternativa-Libera-cambia-nome-alla-Camera-in-Tutti-Insieme-per-l-Italia_0201805033.htm
  23. ^ http://www.repubblica.it/politica/2017/03/10/news/sinistra_italiana_possibile_civati_capogruppo-160234054
  24. ^ https://left.it/2017/03/09/possibile-e-sinistra-italiana-dopo-i-gruppi-la-lista-unitaria
  25. ^ https://ilmanifesto.it/sinistra-italiana-e-possibile-il-nuovo-gruppo
  26. ^ http://www.agi.it/politica/2017/03/20/news/pizzarotti_effetto_domino_marika_cassimatis_beppe_grillo_alternativa_libera-1602913
  27. ^ http://www.repubblica.it/static/speciale/2017/elezioni/comunali/parma.html
  28. ^ https://www.alternativalibera.org/alternativa-libera-continua-il-suo-percorso-in-italia-in-comune