Free State of Anhalt

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Free State of Anhalt
Freistaat Anhalt
State of Germany
1918–1945
Flag of Anhalt
Flag
of Anhalt
Coat of arms
Weimar Republic - Anhalt (1925).svg
Free State of Anhalt (red) within Germany.
Anthem
Anhaltlied
"Song of Anhalt"
CapitalDessau
Area
 • Coordinates51°50′N 12°15′E / 51.833°N 12.250°E / 51.833; 12.250Coordinates: 51°50′N 12°15′E / 51.833°N 12.250°E / 51.833; 12.250
 
• 1925
2,314 km2 (893 sq mi)
Population 
• 1925
351045
Government
 • TypeRepublic
Reichsstatthalter 
• 1933–1935
Wilhelm Loeper
• 1935–1937
Fritz Sauckel
• 1937–1945
Rudolf Jordan
Minister-President 
• 1918–1919
Wolfgang Heine (first)
• 1940–1945
Rudolf Jordan (last)
Historical eraInterwar / World War II
• Established
12 November 1918
• Disestablished
23 July 1945
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Duchy of Anhalt
Saxony-Anhalt (1945-1952)

The Free State of Anhalt (German: Freistaat Anhalt) was formed after Joachim Ernst, Duke of Anhalt abdicated on 12 November 1918, ending the Duchy of Anhalt. It was a state of Germany during the time of the Weimar Republic. In May 1932 the Nazi Party came to power in Anhalt and, after the Nazis attained power at the federal level in 1933, Anhalt was abolished de facto by the federal Nazi government, becoming part of the Gau of Magdeburg-Anhalt.

At the end of World War II, when Germany was divided into zones of occupation, Anhalt was merged with the bulk of the Prussian Province of Saxony to form the Soviet-administered German state of Saxony-Anhalt. This state was then dissolved in 1952 but reformed in 1990 after the reunification of Germany.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

More detailed map of Anhalt.

External links[edit]