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A gamelan degung player
|Music of Indonesia|
Kempul gongs from Java
Gamelan degung is a Sundanese musical ensemble that uses a subset of modified gamelan instruments with a particular mode of pelog scale. The instruments are manufactured under local conditions in towns in West Java such as Bogor. Degung music is often played at public gatherings in West Java, such as at local elections, as well as many other events. There is international interest in degung as well among communities in other countries interested in Indonesia and gamelan music.
The instrumentation of gamelan degung is quite flexible. It may include:
- Bonang/kolènang: two rows of seven small bulbous gongs. It differs from its Javanese counterpart in that the rows are each placed on either side of the player.
- Saron/peking: a high-pitched bronze metallophone with fourteen keys.
- Panerus: another bronze metallophone, similar to the peking but pitched an octave lower.
- Jengglong: six bulbous gongs suspended from the same frame.
- Goong ageung: a large gong.
- A set of kendang, consisting of one large and two small double-sided drums.
- Suling degung: a four-holed bamboo flute.
- Gambang: a wooden xylophone.
In classical degung, the bonang serves as a conductor for the whole ensemble. Except in certain modern compositions, it is rarely absent.
- Retno K. Djojo, "For the love of music", The Jakarta Post, 29 January 2010.
- Theresia Sufa, "Sundanese music and dance liven election day in Bogor", The Jakarta Post, 26 October 2008.
- Dewi Anggraeni, "Melbourne: Gamelan, elephants and 'Jackpot'", Archived 2015-04-02 at the Wayback Machine, The Jakarta Post, 22 February 2004.