Garcinia cowa

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Garcinia cowa
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Clusiaceae
Genus: Garcinia
Species:
G. cowa
Binomial name
Garcinia cowa
Roxb.

Garcinia cowa, commonly known as cowa fruit or cowa mangosteen[1] is an evergreen plant with edible fruit native to Asia, India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Malaysia, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Southwest China. The tree is harvested from the wild for its edible fruits and leaves, which are used locally.[2] Flowers are yellow, male & female flowers are separated.[1]

It is locally known as Kau Thekera (কাও থেকেৰা) in Assamese, Kowa in Bengali and Malayalam, Kau in Manipuri.[1]

Uses[edit]

Folk medicine[edit]

In Thailand Garcinia cowa has been used in the local folk medicine, the bark as an antipyretic and antimicrobial, the latex as an antipuretic, and the fruits and leaves to improve blood circulation, as an expectorant for coughs and indigestion, and a laxative. The roots are believed to relieve fevers, and in East India, sun-dried slices of the fruit have been used as a treatment for dysentery.[3]

Anti-malarial[edit]

Studies have found that the bark contains five xanthones with anti-malarial properties in vitro against Plasmodium falciparum.[3]

Dyes and resins[edit]

The bark is also used to produce a yellow dye for clothes. The gum resin is used in varnishes.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Garcinia cowa Roxb. ex DC". India Biodiversity Portal. Retrieved 2020-07-05.
  2. ^ "Garcinia cowa - Useful Tropical Plants". tropical.theferns.info. Retrieved 2020-07-05.
  3. ^ a b T. K., Lim (2012). Edible Medicinal And Non-Medicinal Plants. Springer. ISBN 9789400717640.