|Gau (from 1934)||Gau Baden|
|Level on pyramid||Level 1|
|Last champions||VfR Mannheim |
The Gauliga Baden was the highest football league in the German state of Baden from 1933 to 1945. Shortly after the formation of the league, the Nazis reorganised the administrative regions in Germany, and the Gau Baden replaced the state Baden.
The league was introduced in 1933 by the Nazi Sports Office, after the Nazi take over of power in Germany and Baden. It replaced the Bezirksliga as the highest level of play in German football competitions.
The Gauliga Baden was established with ten clubs, all from the state of Baden.
In its first season, the league had ten clubs, playing each other once at home and once away. The league winner qualified for the German championship while the bottom two teams were relegated. The league remained unchanged until the outbreak of World War II.
In 1939–40, the league played in four different groups with a finals round at the end to determine the Baden champion. The year after, it returned to its old system.
For the 1941–42 season, the Gauliga Baden split into a northern and a southern group with six teams each and a four-team finals round. In 1942–43 it returned to a single, ten-team format. Another change of system for the season after meant 19 clubs in three groups with a three team-finals round.
The imminent collapse of Nazi Germany in 1945 gravely affected all Gauligas and football in Baden ceased in January 1945 with none of the groups having absolved their full program.
With the end of the Nazi era, the Gauligas ceased to exist and the state of Baden found itself sub divided between two allied occupation zones, the French zone in the south and the US zone in the north.
Founding members of the league
The ten founding members and their positions in the 1932–33 Bezirksliga Württemberg/Baden and Bezirksliga Rhein/Saar season were:
- SV Waldhof Mannheim, winner Rhein division
- VfR Mannheim, 5th Rhein division
- Freiburger FC, 4th Baden division
- Phönix Karlsruhe, winner Baden division
- 1. FC Pforzheim, 4th Württemberg division
- Karlsruher FV, 2nd Baden division
- VfL Neckarau, 3rd Rhein division
- VfB Mühlburg, merger club of VfB Karlsruhe (3rd) and FC Mühlburg (5th)
- Germania Brötzingen, 6th Württemberg division
- SC Freiburg, 6th Baden division
Winners and runners-up of the Gauliga Baden
The winners and runners-up of the league:
|1933–34||SV Waldhof Mannheim||VfR Mannheim|
|1934–35||VfR Mannheim||Phönix Karlsruhe|
|1935–36||SV Waldhof Mannheim||1. FC Pforzheim|
|1936–37||SV Waldhof Mannheim||VfR Mannheim|
|1937–38||VfR Mannheim||1. FC Pforzheim|
|1938–39||VfR Mannheim||1. FC Pforzheim|
|1939–40||SV Waldhof Mannheim||VfB Mühlburg|
|1940–41||VfL Neckarau||VfB Mühlburg|
|1941–42||SV Waldhof Mannheim||VfB Mühlburg|
|1942–43||VfR Mannheim||VfTuR Feudenheim|
|1943–44||VfR Mannheim||VfB Mühlburg|
Placings in the Gauliga Baden 1933–44
The complete list of all clubs participating in the league:
|SV Waldhof Mannheim||1||4||1||1||3||4||1||3||1||3||5|
|Phönix Karlsruhe 1||4||2||10||6||7||4||6||5||10|
|1. FC Pforzheim||5||7||2||3||2||2||3||8||3||5||3|
|FC Mannheim 08||10|
|FC Rastatt 04||10||6||4||9||2|
|KSG Karlsruhe 1||7|
|Luftwaffen SV Freiburg||2|
- "Gauliga final tables". f-archiv.de (in German). Retrieved 28 February 2016.
- Die deutschen Gauligen 1933–45 – Heft 1–3 (in German) Tables of the Gauligas 1933–45, publisher: DSFS
- Kicker Almanach, (in German) The yearbook on German football from Bundesliga to Oberliga, since 1937, published by the Kicker Sports Magazine
- Süddeutschlands Fussballgeschichte in Tabellenform 1897–1988 (in German) History of Southern German football in tables, publisher & author: Ludolf Hyll