George Buchanan (politician)

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George Buchanan
George Buchanan.jpg
Buchanan in 1921
Minister of Pensions
In office
7 October 1947 – 2 July 1948
MonarchGeorge VI
Prime MinisterClement Attlee
Preceded byJohn Burns Hynd
Succeeded byHilary Marquand
Under-Secretary of State for Scotland
In office
4 August 1945 – 7 October 1947
Served with Tom Fraser
MonarchGeorge VI
Prime MinisterClement Attlee
Sec. of StateJoseph Westwood
Chairman of the National Assistance Board
In office
Member of Parliament
for Glasgow Gorbals
In office
15 November 1922 – 2 July 1948
Preceded byGeorge Barnes
Succeeded byAlice Cullen
Personal details
Born30 November 1890 (1890-11-30)
Cairo, Egypt
Died28 June 1955 (1955-06-29) (aged 64)
Glasgow, Scotland, UK
Political partyLabour
Other political
Independent Labour Party

George Buchanan (30 November 1890 – 28 June 1955) was a Scottish patternmaker, trade union activist and Member of Parliament.

Buchanan was born in Glasgow, Scotland. A committed socialist, he joined the Independent Labour Party (ILP).

Buchanan was Vice-Chairman of Glasgow Trades Council and sat on the City Council from 1919 to 1923. At the 1922 general election, he was elected to the House of Commons as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Glasgow Gorbals.

Buchanan supported Home Rule for Scotland and he was associated with the Scottish Home Rule Association. In 1924 he introduced a Scottish Home Rule Bill but despite support from Scottish MPs it was talked out by the Opposition.[1][2]

In 1932, Buchanan became Chairman of the United Patternmakers Association of Great Britain, which he held for 16 years. He initially agreed with James Maxton's moving the ILP out of the mainstream Labour Party but decided to leave it to rejoin Labour in 1939.

At the 1945 general election, Buchanan retained the seat of Glasgow Gorbals and attained the largest increase in percentage of voters in recorded UK history.[3] After the election, the new prime minister, Clement Attlee, appointed Buchanan as Under-Secretary of State for Scotland. Buchanan also later served as Minister of Pensions.

Buchanan resigned from Parliament in 1948 to take up the position of Chairman of the National Assistance Board and was succeeded by Alice Cullen, who had already succeeded him as the candidate for Glasgow Gorbals.

He died in 1955, at 64.


  1. ^ Michael Keating and David Bleiman, Labour and Scottish Nationalism (London: Macmillan, 1979), pp. 81-82.
  2. ^ Jack Brand, The National Movement in Scotland (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1978), pp. 43-44.
  3. ^ See United Kingdom general election records#Largest increase in percentage share of vote

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
George Barnes
Member of Parliament for Glasgow Gorbals
Succeeded by
Alice Cullen
Preceded by
John Hynd
Minister of Pensions
7 October 1947 to 2 July 1948
Succeeded by
Hilary Marquand
Trade union offices
Preceded by
Albert E. Wardale
President of the United Patternmakers' Association
Succeeded by
Ellis Smith