|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
January 3, 1973 – January 3, 1997
|Preceded by||Hastings Keith|
|Succeeded by||Bill Delahunt|
12th district (1973–1983)|
10th district (1983–1997)
Gerry Eastman Studds|
May 12, 1937
Mineola, New York
October 14, 2006 (aged 69)|
Dean T. Hara (m. 2004)
|Alma mater||Yale University|
Gerry Eastman Studds (//; May 12, 1937 – October 14, 2006) was an American Democratic Congressman from Massachusetts who served from 1973 until 1997. He was the first openly gay member of Congress. In 1983 he was censured by the House of Representatives after he admitted to an inappropriate relationship with a 17-year-old page.
Early life and career
Gerry Studds, born in Mineola, New York, was a descendant of Elbridge Gerry, the governor of Massachusetts who is commemorated in the word 'gerrymander'. The son of Elbridge Gerry Eastman Studds (an architect who helped design the FDR Drive in New York City) and his wife, the former Beatrice Murphy, he had a brother, Colin Studds, and a sister, Gaynor Studds (Stewart).
He attended Yale University, where he was a member of St. Anthony Hall, and from which he received a bachelor's degree in history in 1959 and a master's degree in 1961. Following graduation, Studds was a foreign service officer in the State Department and then an assistant in the Kennedy White House, where he worked to establish a domestic Peace Corps. Later, he became a teacher at St. Paul's School in Concord, New Hampshire. In 1968, he played a key role in U.S. Senator Eugene McCarthy's campaign in the New Hampshire presidential primary.
Career in the United States Congress
Studds made his first run for Congress in 1970, but lost to the incumbent Republican representative, Hastings Keith, in a close election. In 1972, with Keith not running for re-election, Studds won the 12th congressional district seat. He moved to the 10th district seat after redistricting in 1983.
Studds was a central figure in the 1983 Congressional page sex scandal, when he and Representative Dan Crane were each separately censured by the House of Representatives for an inappropriate relationship with a congressional page — in Studds' case, a 1983 sexual relationship with a 17-year-old male. During the course of the House Ethics Committee's investigation, Studds publicly acknowledged his homosexuality, a disclosure that, according to a Washington Post article, "apparently was not news to many of his constituents." Studds stated in an address to the House, "It is not a simple task for any of us to meet adequately the obligations of either public or private life, let alone both, but these challenges are made substantially more complex when one is, as I am, both an elected public official and gay." He acknowledged that it had been inappropriate to engage in a relationship with a subordinate, and said his actions represented "a very serious error in judgment."
On July 20, 1983, the House voted to censure Studds, by a vote of 420-3. With his back to the other members, Studds faced the Speaker who was reading the motion. In addition to voting the censure, the Democratic leadership stripped Studds of his chairmanship of the House Merchant Marine Subcommittee. (Seven years later, in 1990, Studds was appointed chair of the House Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries.) Studds received two standing ovations from supporters in his home district at his first town meeting following his congressional censure.
Studds defended his sexual involvement as a "consensual relationship with a young adult." Dean Hara, whom Studds married in 2004, said after Studds' death in 2006 that Studds had never been ashamed of the relationship. "This young man knew what he was doing," Hara said. In testimony to investigators, the page described the relationship as consensual and not intimidating.
Although Studds said he disagreed with the committee's findings of improper sexual conduct, he waived his right to public hearings on the allegations in order to protect the privacy of those involved:
- "...I have foremost in my mind the need to protect, to the extent it is still possible given the committee's action, the privacy of other individuals affected by these allegations," said Studds. "Those individuals have a right to personal privacy that would be inevitably and irremediably shattered if I were to insist on public hearings...."
- Studds said that deciding not to have a hearing "presented me with the most difficult choice I have had to make in my life."
Studds was re-elected to the House six more times after the 1983 censure. He fought for many issues, including environmental and maritime issues, same-sex marriage, AIDS funding, and civil rights, particularly for gays and lesbians. Studds was an outspoken opponent of the Strategic Defense Initiative missile defense system, which he considered wasteful and ineffective, and he criticized the United States government's secretive support for the Contra fighters in Nicaragua.
Later years and death
After retiring from Congress in 1997, Studds worked as a lobbyist for the fishing industry. Studds previously worked for two years as executive director of the New Bedford Oceanarium, a facility still under development.
The Gerry E. Studds Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary, which sits at the mouth of Massachusetts Bay, is named for Studds.
Studds died on October 14, 2006, in Boston, at age 69, several days after suffering a pulmonary embolism. Due to the federal ban on same-sex marriage, Hara was not eligible, upon Studds' death, to receive the pension provided to surviving spouses of former members of Congress. Hara later joined a federal lawsuit, Gill v. Office of Personnel Management, that successfully challenged the constitutionality of section 3 of the Defense of Marriage Act.
- List of LGBT members of the United States Congress
- List of federal political sex scandals in the United States
- List of United States Representatives expelled, censured, or reprimanded
- 1968 In America, by Charles Kaiser.
- "Housecleaning". Time. July 25, 1983.
- Roberts, Steven V. (1983-07-21). "House Censures Crane and Studds For Sexual Relations With Pages". The New York Times. pp. A1, B22.
- "Studds Gets Standing Ovations At First Meeting Since Censure". August 12, 1983.
- First openly gay person elected to Congress dies MSNBC, Oct 14, 2006
- Pianin, Eric (1983-07-15). "Committee Recommends House Reprimand Two For Sexual Misconduct". The Washington Post. pp. A1.
- Boston Globe, July 15, 1983, pg 1.
- Cave, Damien (October 15, 2006). "Gerry Studds Dies at 69; First Openly Gay Congressman". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 25, 2012.
- Lindsay, Jay (October 15, 2006). "Studds, 1st Openly Gay Congressman, Dies". Associated Press. Archived from the original on October 20, 2006.
- LeBlanc, Steve (2006-10-18). "Congressman's spouse can't have pension". Washington Post. Associated Press. Retrieved July 3, 2013.
- Gerry Studds's widower: DOMA ruling gives gays 'a seat on the bus' Boston Herald. June 26, 2013. Retrieved July 3, 2013.
- Johansson, Warren, & Percy, William A. Outing: Shattering the Conspiracy of Silence. Harrington Park Press, 1994. pp. 156–7
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- GLBTQ Encyclopedia
- "Page Program Has Seen Scandal Before", Liz Marlantes, ABC News, Sept. 29, 2006
- Contributors to Studds' campaigns
- His 'leadership changed Mass. forever' — The Boston Globe, October 15, 2006
- Gerry Studds; Gay Pioneer in Congress — The Washington Post, October 15, 2006
- Annoy.com Profile: Gerry Studds Video Interview
- Appearances on C-SPAN
|U.S. House of Representatives|
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Massachusetts's 12th congressional district
1973 – 1983
Seat eliminated after 1980 Census
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Massachusetts's 10th congressional district
William D. Delahunt
Walter B. Jones, Sr.
| Chairman of House Merchant Marine and Fisheries Committee
Duties transferred to Natural Resources Committee