Ghulam Ali Dehlavi

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Shah Ghulam Ali Dehlavi
Personal
Born1743[1]
Died16 October 1824(1824-10-16) (aged 80–81)[1]
ReligionIslam
DenominationSunni
JurisprudenceHanafi
CreedMaturidi
TariqaNaqshbandi
Muslim leader

Shah Abdullah alias Shah Ghulam Ali Dehlavi (1743–1824, Urdu:شاہ غلام علی دہلوی) was a Sufi Shaykh in Delhi during the early 19th century. He was a master of the Naqshbandi tradition and in other Sufi orders such as Chishti.[1]

Biography[edit]

He was born in 1156 AH (1743 C.E.) in Patiala, Punjab, in present-day India.[1] His father was Shah Abdul-Latif, a scholar and Sufi shaykh belonging to the Qadri tariqah. It is reported in his biographies that his father had a dream before his birth in which he saw Sayyadna Ali, who told him to name the baby on his name (Ali). After he grew up, he modified his own name to be Ghulam Ali (literally meaning slave of Ali, a common name in Indian Muslims today). Similarly, his mother had a dream in which she saw Muhammad, who told her to name the baby Abdullah. Hence his real name is still known as Abdullah while his alias is Ghulam Ali.

He is reported to have memorized the Quran in a single month's duration.[1] In 1170 AH he came to Delhi to take the oath of allegiance to Mirza Mazhar Jan-e-Janaan, who was a famous Shaykh of Naqshbandi tariqah in Delhi at that time. After getting trained in the major Sufi orders including Naqshbandi for 15 years, he received complete Khilafat (spiritual Ijazah) from his Shaykh.[1]

He had many Khulafa (deputies) who spread the Naqshbandi Sufi order to a vast number of people in the whole Muslim world at that time. His Khulafa went to Bukhara, Baghdad, Madinah and Turkey. His famous khalifa was Mawlana Khalid al-Baghdadi, who had hundreds of thousands of followers in his lifetime, and many Naqshbandi's today in Turkey and nearby countries follow him. His chief deputy and successor was [Hafiz Abu-Saeed-Ahmadi Faruqi Mujaddidi Naqshbandi]] (Delhi) and his next successor was Hafiz Shah Ahmed Saeed Faruqi Mujaddidi, son of Hafiz Shah Abu Saeed (Medina) [1]

He is quoted to have said: "My Faid (spirituality) has reached far off countries. Our Halqa is held in Makkah and our Halqa is held in Madinah. Similarly our Halqa is held in Baghdad, Rome (now Turkey and Cyprus) and Maghrib (Parts of Europe and Africa facing Asia). And Bukhara is our parental home."[1]

He died on 22 Safar 1240 AH (15/16 October 1824) and was buried alongside his Shaykh's grave in Khanqah Mirja in Delhi.[1]

Writings[edit]

He wrote books, the best known being Mazhari in Persian, which is a complete biography of his shaykh Mirza Mazhar Jan-e-Janaan Shaheed.[1]

His other books are:

  • Edah-e-Tariqat
  • Ahwal-e-Buzurgaan
  • Risalah dar Tariqah Ba'yat wa Azkar
  • Risalah dar Tariqah Naqshband
  • Risalah Sitri Chand dar Ahwal-e-Shah-e-Naqshband
  • Risalah-e-Azkar
  • Risalah-e-Muraqbat
  • Risalah dar Aitarazat Shaykh Abdul-Haq bar Hazrat Mujaddid
  • Risalah Mashgooliyah
  • Sulook Raqia Naqshbandia
  • Makateeb Shareefa (collection of his letters)
  • Kamalat-e-Mazhariya
  • Malfoozat-e-Sharifa[2]

Naqshbandi chain[3][4][edit]

# Name Buried Birth Death
14 Khwaja Azizan Ali Ramitani Khwaarizm, Uzbekistan 591 AH

(1194 C.E)

27 Ramadan 715 or 721 AH

(25/26 December 1315 or 20/21 October 1321)

15 Khwaja Muhammad Baba Samasi Samaas, Bukhara, Uzbekistan 25 Rajab 591 AH

(5/6 July 1195 C.E)

10 Jumada al-Thani 755 AH

(2/3 July 1354 C.E)

16 Khwaja Sayyid Amir Kulal Saukhaar, Bukhara, Uzbekistan 676 AH

(1277/1278 C.E)

Wed 2 Jumada al-Thani 772 AH

(21/22 December 1370 C.E)

17 Khwaja Muhammad Baha'uddin Naqshband Bukhari Qasr-e-Aarifan, Bukhara, Uzbekistan 4 Muharram 718 AH

(8/9 March 1318 C.E)

3 Rabi al-Awwal 791 AH

(2/3 March 1389 C.E)

18 Khwaja Ala'uddin Attar Bukhari, son-in-law of (17) Jafaaniyan, Transoxiana (Uzbekistan) Wed 20 Rajab 804 AH

(23 February 1402 C.E)

19 Khwaja Yaqub Charkhi Gulistan, Dushanbe, Tajkistan 762 AH

(1360/1361 C.E)

5 Safar 851 AH

(21/22 April 1447 C.E)

20 Khwaja Ubaidullah Ahrar Samarkand, Uzbekistan Ramadan 806 AH

(March/April 1404 C.E)

29 Rabi al-Awwal 895 AH

(19/20 February 1490 C.E)

21 Khwaja Muhammad Zahid Wakhshi Wakhsh 14 Shawwal 852 AH

(11/12 December 1448 C.E)

1 Rabi al-Awwal 936 AH

(3/4 November 1529 C.E)

22 Khwaja Durwesh Muhammad, son of sister of (21) Asqarar, Uzbekistan 16 Shawwal 846 AH

(17/18 February 1443 C.E)

19 Muharram 970 AH

(18/19 September 1562 C.E)

23 Khwaja Muhammad Amkanaki, son of (22) Amkana, Bukhara, Uzbekistan 918 AH

(1512/1513 C.E)

22 Shaban 1008 AH

(8/9 March 1600 C.E)

24 Khwaja Muhammad Baqi Billah Berang Delhi, India 5 Dhu al-Hijjah 971 or 972 AH

(14 July 1564 / 3 July 1565)

25 Jumada al-Thani 1012 AH

(29/30 November 1603 C.E)

25 Shaikh Ahmad al-Farūqī al-Sirhindī, Imām Rabbānī Sirhind, India 14 Shawwal 971 AH

(25/26 May 1564 C.E)

28 Safar 1034 AH

(9/10 December 1624 C.E)

26 Imām Khwaja Muhammad Masum Faruqi, 3rd son of (25) Sirhind, India 1007 AH

(1598/1599 C.E)

9 Rabi al-Awwal 1099 AH

(13/14 January 1688 C.E)

27 Khwaja Muhammad Saifuddin Faruqi, son of (26) Sirhind, India 1049 AH

(1639/1640 C.E)

19 or 26 Jumada al-awwal 1096 AH

(April 1685 C.E)

28 Hafiz Muhammad Mohsin Dehlavi Delhi, India
29 Sayyid Nur Muhammad Badayuni Delhi, India 11 Dhu al-Qi'dah 1135AH

(12/13 August 1723 C.E)

30 Shaheed Mirza Mazhar Jan-e-Janaan, Shams-ud-Dīn Habībullāh Delhi, India 11 Ramadan 1111 AH

(2/3 March 1700 C.E)

10 Muharram 1195 AH

(Fri 5 January 1781 C.E)

31 Khwaja Abdullah Dehlavi, alias Shah Ghulam Ali Dehlavi Delhi, India 1156 AH[1]

(1743 C.E)

22 Safar 1240 AH

(15/16 October 1824 C.E)

Qadri chain[edit]

Extracted from Maqamat Mazhari by Shah Ghulam Ali Dehlavi[4]

  1. Shah Ghulam Ali Dehlavi
  2. Mirza Mazhar Jan-e-Janaan
  3. Muhammad Abid Sanami
  4. Abdul Ahad
  5. Muhammad Said
  6. Ahmed Sirhindi
  7. Abdul Ahad Faruqi
  8. Shah Kamal Kethali
  9. Shah Fuzail
  10. Gada e Rahman Sani
  11. Shamsuddin Arif
  12. Gada e Rahman Awal
  13. Shamsuddin Sehrai
  14. Aqeel
  15. Abdul Wahhab
  16. Sharfuddin
  17. Abdur Razzaq
  18. Abdul-Qadir Gilani

Chishti chain[edit]

Extracted from Maqamat Mazhari by Shah Ghulam Ali Dehlavi

  1. Shah Ghulam Ali Dehlvi
  2. Mirza Mazhar Jan-e-Janaan
  3. Muhammad Abid Sanami
  4. Abdul Ahad Sirhindi
  5. Muhammad Said
  6. Ahmed Sirhindi
  7. Abdul Ahad Faruqi
  8. Ruknuddin
  9. Abdul Quddus Gangohi
  10. Muhammad Arif
  11. Ahmed Abdul Haq
  12. Jalaluddin Panipati
  13. Shamsuddin Turk
  14. Alauddin Sabir Kaliyari
  15. Fariduddin Ganjshakar
  16. Qutbuddin Bakhtiar Kaki
  17. Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti

His Khulafa[edit]

His Khulafa were numerous and many of them were prominent Shaykhs at their times. Following is a list of his most prominent Khulafa as extracted from various sources.

  1. Mawlana Hafiz Abu-Saeed-Ahmadi Faruqi Mujaddidi Naqshbandi, his successor (Delhi)[1]
  2. Mawlana Hafiz Shah Ahmed Saeed Faruqi Mujaddidi, son of Hafiz Shah Abu Saeed (Medina)
  3. Shah Rauf Ahmed Raaft Faruqi Mujaddidi Rampuri (Bhopal)
  4. Mawlana Khalid al-Baghdadi al-Kurdi al-Rumi (Turkey)[1]
  5. Mawlana Ismaeel Madani (Medina)
  6. Mawlana Ghulam Mohiuddin Qusoori[1]
  7. Mawlana Bashartullah Behra'ichi
  8. Mawlana Shah Gul Muhammad Ghaznavi (Bukhara)
  9. Mawlana Muhammad Sharif (Sirhind)
  10. Mawlana Pir Muhammad (Kashmir)
  11. Mawlana Jan Muhammad (Herat)
  12. Mawlana Muhammad Jan (Makkah, d.1266 AH), whose Khulafa spread up to Turkey[1]
  13. Shah Saad'ullah Naqshbandi (Hyderabad)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Profile of Shah Abdullah alias Ghulam Ali Dehlavi on maktabah.org website Published 1 April 2011, Retrieved 16 August 2018
  2. ^ Ghulam Ali Dehlavi's book in Urdu Malfuzat-e-Sharifa Archived link, Retrieved 16 August 2018
  3. ^ "Golden Chain (Shijra)". Islah-ul-Muslimeen. Archived from the original on 24 November 2010. Retrieved 16 August 2018.
  4. ^ a b The Golden Chains of Ghulam Ali Dehlavi on maktabah.org website Published 3 April 2011, Retrieved 16 August 2018

External links[edit]