Glina, Croatia

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Glina
Grad Glina
Town of Glina
Glina in February 2019
Glina in February 2019
Glina is located in Croatia
Glina
Glina
Location of Glina in Croatia
Coordinates: 45°20′N 16°5′E / 45.333°N 16.083°E / 45.333; 16.083Coordinates: 45°20′N 16°5′E / 45.333°N 16.083°E / 45.333; 16.083
Country Croatia
RegionContinental Croatia (Banovina)
CountyFlag of Sisak-Moslavina County.png Sisak-Moslavina
Government
 • MayorStjepan Kostanjević (HDZ)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total9,283
 • City itself
4,680
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Websitewww.grad-glina.hr
Serbian Orthodox church in Glina

Glina is a town in central Croatia, located southwest of Petrinja and Sisak in the Sisak-Moslavina County. It lies on the eponymous river of Glina.

History[edit]

Glina was first mentioned as a city in June 1284. Later in September 1737, during the threat of the Turks, the Croatian Sabor met in Glina. It was also a post of Ban Jelačić when he became the commander the Military Frontier during the Turkish threat.[citation needed]

During the mid-18th century, Count Ivan Drašković created Freemason lodges in several Croatian cities and towns, including Glina, where officers and other members shared ideas of the Jacobins from the French Revolution, until Emperor Francis II banned them in 1798. In the late 19th and early 20th century, Glina was a district capital in the Zagreb County of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia.[citation needed]

World War II[edit]

During World War II, Glina was part of the Independent State of Croatia established by the Axis powers as a result of the Invasion of Yugoslavia. There were two Ustashe massacres of Serbs in 1941.[2] On 11–12 May 1941, between 260–300 Serbs died, and on 3 August 1941, as many as 2,000 Serbs were killed, most in the town's Serbian Orthodox Church (see Glina massacre). After the end of war in 1964, the Committee for the Construction of Memorials to the July Victims of Fascist Terror in Banija and Kordun sent an request to the Veterans Associations of the People’s Liberation War of Yugoslavia (SUBNOR) to finally build the memorial as the failure to do so is particularly affecting the brotherhood and unity of the people in this region.[2] A memorial house was thereafter built on the site of the destroyed Orthodox church and in 1985, its Executive Committee requested assistance in creating a permanent display for the museum commemorating "the Ustasha slaughtered around 1,200 Serbs from the surroundings of Glina on August 2, 1941," noting that it marked the beginning of the Genocide of Serbs in the Independent State of Croatia.[2]

Croatian War of Independence[edit]

During the Croatian War of Independence (1991–95), Glina was a town in the unrecognised Republic of Serbian Krajina. On September 28, 1990, around 1,500 Serbs from the Glina municipality rebelled against a democratically elected Croatian government and carried out an attack on the police station and stole large quantities of weapons and ammunition from the station depot. In the early summer of 1991, the first major armed clashes between Croatian forces and rebelled Serbs took place in the Glina area. On June 26, a group of armed Serbs attacked the local police station. The second armed attack followed a month later, on July 26, but this time they also attacked civilian area of Jukinac - the northeast suburb of Glina, located along the road to Petrinja, which was until then free because it was protected by the Croatian police (a unit from Bjelovar) and whose inhabitants were loyal to Croatia. Croatian Police and National Guard unites had to withdraw while Croats from Glina (including Jukinac) took refugee in Donji and Gornji Viduševac, villages north of Glina that were free at the time. Subsequently, Glina was completely controlled by the Yugoslav People's Army and the Serb rebels. The remaining non-Serb population from Glina and the surrounding area were mostly expelled while many were taken to the internment camps where they were tortured. During the war, Serbs occupied the territory up to the Kupa river, which was followed by many crimes against the civilians in Glinsko Novo Selo, Stankovci and Bučič area.[3] In 1995, Serbian president Aleksandar Vučić held a meeting in Glina during which he stated, among others that Glina would never be part of Croatia and advocated for it to be a part of Greater Serbia.[4] A total of 396 Croatian civilians and soldiers were killed in Glina during the war. On 6 August 1995, Glina was liberated by the Croatian army with the Operation Storm. At the same time, most ethnic Serbs fled. In December 2015, 56 bodies of Serbian civilians and soldiers killed during the action were exhumed from a mass grave in the Gornje Selište municipality.[5]

Demographics[edit]

National structure of the municipality of Glina
Year of census total Croats Serbs Yugoslavs Other
2011 9,283 6,468 (69.68%) 2,549 (27.46%) 0 (0%) 266 (2.86%)
2001 9,868 6,712 (68%) 2,829 (29%) 0 (0%) 327 (3.31%)
1991 23,040 8,041 (34,90%) 13,975 (60.65%) 473 (2.05%) 551 (2.39%)
1981 25,079 8,961 (35.73%) 14,223 (56.71%) 1,580 (6.30%) 315 (1.26%)
1971 28,336 10,785 (38.06%) 16,936 (59.77%) 381 (1.34%) 234 (0.83%)
1961 27,747 9,152 (33.31%) 18,388 (66.93%) 60 (0.22%) 147 (0,53%)

The results are for the whole municipality of Glina which was larger during previous censuses. In some censuses, people listed themselves as Yugoslavs (not Serbs or Croats).

National structure of the town of Glina
Year of census total Croats Serbs Yugoslavs Other
2001 3,116 2,315 (74.29%) 643 (20.64%) 0 (0%) 158 (5.07%)
1991 6,933 1,448 (20.88%) 4,831 (69.68%) 362 (5.22%) 352 (5.08%)
1981 5,790 1,262 (21.79%) 3,531 (60.98%) 870 (15.02%) 127 (2,19%)
1971 4,558 1,394 (30.58%) 2,873 (63.03%) 193 (4.23%) 98 (2.15%)
1961 2,412 884 (36.65%) 1,425 (59.08%) 33 (1.37%) 70 (2.90%)
1948 2,098 1,126 (53.67%) 930 (44.33%) 0 (0%) 42 (2%)

Settlements[edit]

The settlements part of the administrative area of Glina, total population 9,283 (census 2011),[1] include:

Notable people from Glina[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census: Glina". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.
  2. ^ a b c Vojak, Danijel; Tomić, Filip; Kovačev, Neven (2019). "Remembering the "Victims of Fascist Terror" in the Socialist Republic of Croatia, 1970–1990". History and Memory. 31 (1): 118–150. doi:10.2979/histmemo.31.1.06. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  3. ^ "Zapisi s Banovine 1990., 1991. I 1995".
  4. ^ "Vučić hrvatskom novinaru: "Izmislili ste to za Veliku Srbiju", no snimke iz Gline ipak ne lažu". Dnevnik.hr.
  5. ^ Croatia Exhumes 56 from Operation Storm Mass Grave, balkaninsight.com, 9 December 2015; accessed 13 December 2015.

External links[edit]