|Born||24 January 1989|
Luquan, Hebei, China
|Height||1.75 m (5 ft 9 in)|
|Weight||108 kg (238 lb)|
|Coached by||Li Meisu|
She finished seventh at the 2007 World Championships, her international debut. At the 2008 Summer Olympics she finished fifth but received the bronze medal later after two competitors were stripped of their medals because of doping violations.
She set a personal best throw of 19.46 metres in the qualifying round of the 2008 Olympics; this was the furthest mark for a female Chinese shot putter for over a decade. At the 2009 National Games of China, Gong further improved her personal best to 19.82 m, taking her to tenth place on the all-time Chinese shot putter's list.
She initially finished fourth in the London 2012 Summer Olympics, but was retroactively awarded the bronze medal after the winner, Nadzeya Ostapchuk, was disqualified for failing a drug test. On 20 August 2016, the IOC announced Yevgeniya Kolodko, the Russian silver medalist of women's shot put, failed anti-doping test. Gong therefore got the silver medal.
- Jalava, Mirko (13 April 2009). "Gong Lijiao improves to 19.82m in Shot Put – Chinese outdoor season begins". IAAF. Retrieved 14 October 2019.
- "IOC withdraws gold medal from shot put athlete Nadzeya Ostapchuk". Olympic News. 13 August 2012. Retrieved 14 October 2019.
- "IOC sanctions Evgeniia Kolodko for failing anti-doping test at London 2012". Olympic News. 20 August 2016. Retrieved 14 October 2019.
- "Gong Lijiao wins women's shot put final at Asian Games". Xinhua. 27 August 2018. Retrieved 14 October 2019.
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