|Region||Odisha, Andhra Pradesh|
|Ethnicity||9,445 in Odisha (2011 census)|
Gorum, or Parengi, is a nearly-extinct minor Munda language of India.
The name Gorum most likely comes from an animal/people prefix go- and root -rum meaning 'people', and is possibly related to the ethnonym Remo (Anderson 2008:381).
Parengi, or Parenga, is of obscure origin.
Gorum is 60% endangered, it is very likely that it might soon be extinct majority of the people under 30 years cannot understand the language. In addition those who know it are likely to deny knowing it. This language seems to have been first researched in 1933, that being the earliest scholarly reference.
While Gorum is a member of the Munda family, it has taken some things from Dravidian, a language spoken nearby. For example, they tend to doubly inflect on certain types of AVC structures. Another derivation from the Munda language is the use of some Glottals being "creeky voiced"
Gorum speakers are located in the following areas of eastern India (Anderson 2008:381).
- Koraput district, Odisha: the former Nandapur and Pottangi taluks
- Visakhapatnam district, Andhra Pradesh: Munchingput block
- Parenga at Ethnologue (19th ed., 2016)
- "UNESCO Atlas of the World's Languages in danger". www.unesco.org. Retrieved 2018-08-15.
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Gorum-Parenga". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- http://www.endangeredlanguages.com/lang/4953 Endangered Language Project
- Sitapati, G.V. 1933. “Pareng.” A Miscellany of Papers Presented to Rao Sahib Mahopadhyaya Gidugu Venkata Ramamurthi. Madras. 145-65
- Anderson, Gregory D.S. & Felix Rau. 2008. “Gorum.” In: Gregory D.S. Anderson
- Anderson, Gregory D.S (ed). 2008. The Munda languages. Routledge Language Family Series 3.New York: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-32890-X.
- Endangered Language Project Database
- World Language Movies
- Opino Gomango on Sora language
- Bibliography on the Gorum language
- Gorum Dictionary
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