Souness in 2001
|Full name||Graeme James Souness|
|Date of birth||6 May 1953|
|Place of birth||Edinburgh, Scotland|
|Height||5 ft 11 in (1.80 m)|
|Tynecastle Boys Club|
|1972||→ Montreal Olympique (loan)||10||(2)|
|1977||→ West Adelaide (loan)||6||(1)|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only|
A midfielder, Souness was the captain of the successful Liverpool team of the early 1980s, player-manager of Rangers in the late 1980s and captain of the Scotland national team. He also played for Tottenham Hotspur, Middlesbrough and Sampdoria.
Souness' managerial career began when he joined Rangers, leading them to three Scottish titles and four league cups, before joining Liverpool as manager. He went on to become manager of Galatasaray, Southampton, Torino, Benfica, Blackburn Rovers and Newcastle United.
Souness' career began as an apprentice at Tottenham Hotspur under Bill Nicholson. He signed professional forms as a 15-year-old in 1968. Frustrated at a lack of first-team opportunities, the teenage Souness reputedly informed Nicholson he was the best player at the club. Souness made one first-team appearance for Spurs, in a UEFA Cup tie as a substitute.
During the summer of 1972, Souness played in the North American Soccer League for the Montreal Olympique. He appeared in 10 of his team's 14 matches and was named in the league's All-Star team for that season.
Spurs sold Souness to Middlesbrough for £30,000 in 1972. He made his first appearance for Middlesbrough on 6 January 1973 in a 2–1 league defeat to Fulham at Craven Cottage. His first goal came on 11 December 1973 in a 3–0 league victory over Preston North End at Ayresome Park.
Souness' tenacious style began to garner acclaim during his time at Middlesbrough. His first season saw Middlesbrough finish fourth, two places and 14 points short of promotion. Jack Charlton was appointed Middlesbrough manager, his first managerial post, in May 1973. One of Charlton's first signings was experienced former Celtic midfielder Bobby Murdoch, a fellow Scot whom Souness later cited as an important influence in the development of his playing style. Promotion as champions of the Second Division followed in 1973–74. Souness' influence was demonstrated when he scored a hat-trick in the season's final fixture, an 8–0 victory over Sheffield Wednesday.
Souness' time at Anfield began in January 1978 as a replacement for veteran Ian Callaghan. After winning his first European Cup in 1977, Liverpool manager Bob Paisley sought reinforcements by signing three Scottish players, all of whom were to contribute substantially to further success. Central defender Alan Hansen arrived from Partick Thistle for £110,000. Kenny Dalglish – an established Scottish international – signed from Celtic for a then British record fee of £440,000. Souness formed the final part of the Scottish triumvirate, leaving Middlesbrough in acrimonious circumstances for a club-record fee of £350,000 on 10 January 1978.
Souness' Liverpool debut came in a 1–0 league victory over West Bromwich Albion at The Hawthorns on 14 January 1978. His first goal – a volley from just inside the penalty box, eventually awarded fans' goal of the season – came in a 3–1 win over bitter rivals Manchester United at Anfield on 25 February 1978.
Sustained success followed. Souness's first League title medals were won in seasons 1978–79 and 1979–80. A second European Cup medal for Souness arrived in 1981 with a 1–0 victory over Real Madrid – the culmination of a campaign in which Souness scored a hat-trick in the quarter-final against CSKA Sofia.
This burst of success prompted Paisley to award Souness the club captaincy for season 1981–82, to the chagrin of the incumbent Phil Thompson who had made some errors that season and with whom Paisley had a vicious row during one match at Aston Villa. Thompson initially refused to speak to Souness, claiming he had "stolen the captaincy" from behind his back. This was the start of several long-running feuds between the two robust characters, and over the coming years, they would confront each other in various circumstances.
Under Souness' captaincy, two trophies followed as Liverpool regained the League championship and retained the League Cup, trophies that were successfully defended in season 1982–83. For the trophy award presentation after the 2–1 win over Manchester United in 1983, Souness stepped back and insisted that Paisley collect the trophy, it being the manager's retirement season.
In 1983–84, Souness lifted three trophies. He scored the winning goal in the 1984 League Cup final replay at Maine Road against Merseyside rivals Everton, the first all-Merseyside cup final. Liverpool won the league title for the third consecutive season and reached the 1984 European Cup final after beating Romanian champions Dinamo București in the semi-final 3–1 on aggregate. In an ill-tempered first leg at Anfield, Souness broke the jaw of Dinamo captain Lică Movilă, which went unpunished by the referee. Liverpool won the 1984 final after a penalty shoot-out win over Roma, with Souness scoring one of the penalties in the shootout.
Souness' Liverpool career ended in 1984 after 358 appearances and 56 goals.
Souness left Liverpool in 1984, joining Sampdoria for a fee of £650,000. Souness and England international Trevor Francis – a player at the Genoa-based club since 1982 – added experience to an emerging group of future Italian internationals, including Roberto Mancini, Pietro Vierchowod and Gianluca Vialli. In his first season, Sampdoria won the Coppa Italia with a 3–1 victory over Serie A rivals Milan, securing the trophy for the first time in club history.
Souness' career in Italy ended in 1986 as he took up the position of player-manager at Rangers. His playing career at Ibrox began inauspiciously. His competitive debut – in the opening match of the 1986–87 season, against Hibernian in his hometown of Edinburgh – saw him sent off after two yellow cards in the first 34 minutes.
Disciplinary problems – something that had recurred periodically throughout Souness's career – resurfaced on a number of occasions during his time as a player at Rangers, and the spell was also blighted by injury. He made 73 appearances in total for Rangers (50 in the league), scoring three goals before retiring as a player in 1991 at age 38. His final appearance as a player was at Ibrox in a 2–0 victory over Dunfermline Athletic in Rangers' last home match of the 1989–90 season, when he brought himself on for the final 20 minutes.
While a Middlesbrough player, Souness received his first international cap for Scotland on 30 October 1974 in a 3–0 friendly victory over East Germany at Hampden Park. By the time Souness was selected by manager Ally McLeod for the Scotland squad for the 1978 FIFA World Cup in Argentina, he had been awarded only six caps. His move to Liverpool increased his profile. Souness missed Scotland's firs two matches, a defeat to Peru and a draw with Iran, due to injury. He was selected for the final group match against the Netherlands. Souness contributed to a 3–2 victory that nevertheless saw Scotland eliminated from the tournament on goal difference.
Souness played in two further World Cups. The first, in 1982 in Spain, saw Souness play all three group stage matches. His first international goal arrived in the final game prior to elimination, a 2–2 draw with the Soviet Union in Málaga.
A final World Cup appearance came in 1986 in Mexico, at a time when Souness had already been appointed Rangers player/manager. Souness played in defeats to Denmark and West Germany. He later said he had performed poorly in those matches, having struggled with the high altitude and losing a significant amount of weight and power. Souness was omitted by caretaker manager Alex Ferguson for Scotland's final match against Uruguay. Souness claimed in his autobiography, The Management Years, and press interviews that this was the only time in his whole career he had been dropped. Souness also stated Ferguson was unusually apologetic and was very respectful and diplomatic in his conversation with Souness at night when he broke the news to him, as he held Souness in high regard. His international career ended after the 1986 World Cup. He had made 54 appearances in almost 12 years, scoring four goals.
Souness was appointed Rangers' first player-manager in April 1986, signing from Sampdoria for a fee of £300,000 and succeeding Jock Wallace. Financed initially by the club's then owner, Lawrence Marlborough, Souness and club chairman David Holmes embarked upon a bold strategy of reclaiming the footballing ascendancy Rangers had been desperately seeking in Scotland after years in the wilderness due to the dominance of arch-rivals, Celtic, and the emergence of the "New Firm" of Aberdeen and Dundee United. Souness' appointment as Rangers' manager garnered most attention, but his arrival as a player was also of significance. Souness arrived at Ibrox with a reputation as one of Europe's leading midfielders, a view evidenced by his success at Liverpool and, to a lesser extent, with Sampdoria. His signing was unusual in that Scottish clubs had rarely been able to sign top-quality internationals, including Scots, from other leagues.
What came popularly to be termed the "Souness Revolution" began with a slew of major signings from English clubs. Significantly, this reversed the historic pattern of Scotland's most able footballers playing in England. Souness' first season saw the arrival of players such as Terry Butcher, captain of Ipswich Town and an established England international, and Chris Woods of Norwich City, England's second-choice goalkeeper. Subsequent seasons saw the arrival of other English internationals, such as Trevor Steven, Gary Stevens, Trevor Francis and Ray Wilkins. Souness was able to offer the lure of European club competition, at a time – 1985–1990 – when English clubs were banned from Europe in the wake of the Heysel Stadium disaster. Rangers profited from this by embarking upon a signing policy which drew on their relative wealth to compete, for the first time, directly with England's most powerful clubs.
Souness' revitalised Rangers quickly began to dominate Scottish football. In his first season, 1986–87, they won the Championship and the League Cup, defeating Celtic 2–1 in the final. They retained the League Cup in 1987-88, defeating Aberdeen on penalties after extra-time. Two more Championships were to follow, this time in successive seasons (1988–89 and 1989–90), and a further two League Cup victories, over Aberdeen 3–2 in 1988–89 and Celtic 2–1 (after extra time) in 1990–91. In 1991, Souness left Rangers to take over as manager of Liverpool. He was replaced by his assistant Walter Smith four matches prior to the end of what was to become another championship-winning season.
Souness' time at Ibrox had been marked by persistent controversy. His most noteworthy act was the controversial signing of Mo Johnston in 1989. Rangers, historically a team supported by Protestants, had for most of the 20th century a policy of refusing to sign Roman Catholics. Although there had been many Rangers players of Catholic faith, particularly before the sectarian divisions hardened after World War I, none of them were as high-profile as Johnston. It was also significant because Johnston, a former Celtic player and coveted Scottish international, had days earlier at a press conference at Celtic Park publicly announced his decision to return to his former club. Souness stated that religion was not an issue for him; his first wife was a Catholic and the children from that marriage were baptised Catholic. His main consideration was that Johnston was a good player, but he also believed that the signing would damage Celtic.
Further controversy centred on Souness' dealings with the Scottish Football Association ("SFA") and Scottish League hierarchies. A succession of confrontational after-match comments pitched Souness regularly at loggerheads with both organisations, prompting touchline bans which Souness circumvented in characteristically provocative fashion by naming himself as a substitute, allowing access as a player to the dugout. In May 1990, Souness was fined £5,000 by the SFA for breaching a touchline ban after television pictures showed him in the tunnel area yelling at his players on the pitch. Souness was later to claim conflict with officialdom was one of the principal factors precipitating his departure from Ibrox.
In 2009, Souness said of his time as Rangers' manager, "When I look back on my actions and antics at Ibrox I bordered on being out of order. I was obnoxious and difficult to deal with." He was manager during 261 matches in all competitions for Rangers, winning 125 (64%) of 193 league fixtures.
Kenny Dalglish, who had played alongside Souness at Liverpool, resigned as Liverpool manager in February 1991. Coach Ronnie Moran was put in temporary charge following Dalglish's sudden resignation, but he did not want the job permanently. Souness was appointed Liverpool manager, having signed a five-year contract, on 16 April.
Souness' appointment came just before Liverpool finished second to Arsenal in the race for the 1990–91 league title. He made a major reorganisation of the squad for the following season, bringing in Dean Saunders for an English record of £2.9 million as well as defenders Mark Wright and Rob Jones and midfielder Mark Walters. He also gave a regular place in the team to 19-year-old midfielder Steve McManaman, whose debut had come under Dalglish in December 1990, and near the end of that campaign, he gave a professional contract to youth team striker Robbie Fowler.
During the early stages of the 1991–92 season, Liverpool were looking like serious title contenders, but it soon became an effective two-horse race between Manchester United and Leeds United. Leeds eventually took the title, while Liverpool came sixth. They returned to European competition that season after six years of isolation following the Heysel disaster of 1985, and reached the UEFA Cup quarter-finals, where they were eliminated by Genoa.
Souness had major heart surgery in April 1992. A controversy arose after the FA Cup semi-final against Portsmouth, which Liverpool needed a replay and penalties to win. In the event of a victory for Liverpool, an interview was due to be published in the Sun, a British tabloid, with Souness celebrating the win and his own successful surgery. The photograph which accompanied the interview was of Souness, in his hospital ward, kissing his girlfriend with joy at his own recovery and his team's win. The interview was due to go in alongside the match report on 14 April 1992, but the late end to the game meant the deadline for publication was missed and the report, with interview and photograph, went in on 15 April instead – the third anniversary of the Hillsborough disaster, which had claimed the lives of 95 fans (a 96th victim would die in 1993, having never regained consciousness). Liverpool fans reacted with fury after seeing the interview was conducted with The Sun, a newspaper which had been boycotted by many people in Liverpool for the intervening years over its reporting of the events at Hillsborough. Souness himself had restricted Liverpool players from talking to The Sun. Although he apologised at the time, Souness has since said that he probably should have resigned there and then. Souness attended the 1992 FA Cup Final, which Liverpool won 2–0 against Sunderland, against the advice of his doctors.
1992–93 was an even more frustrating season for Souness. Just after the start of the season, he sold Dean Saunders to Aston Villa. While Saunders was a key player in Villa's near-successful title challenge, his successor Paul Stewart proved to be perhaps the biggest flop to play under Souness at Liverpool, scoring just 1 league goal from 32 appearances over the next two seasons and missing many games through injury. Top scorer Ian Rush was having a difficult time getting goals, and Liverpool spent most of the season in the bottom half of the table. They entered March still only in 15th place, but an excellent final quarter of the season, in which Rush scored 11 Premier League goals, saw them finish sixth.
The fans were running out of patience with Souness, but he made one last attempt at revitalising Liverpool by signing defender Julian Dicks and striker Nigel Clough for the 1993–94 season. The season began well enough, but a dismal run of form in early winter effectively ended hopes of the Premier League title and Souness resigned as Liverpool manager at the end of January 1994 when Liverpool had suffered a shock FA Cup exit at the hands of Bristol City. He was succeeded by coach Roy Evans.
Souness' reign as Liverpool manager was not remembered with fondness by the club's fans, though there were some positive events. Apart from guiding them to FA Cup success in 1992, he also oversaw the breakthrough of three young players who would go on to be a key part in Liverpool's better performances over the next five years – Steve McManaman, Robbie Fowler and Jamie Redknapp, allowing them to play and develop in the first team where they went on to become highly successful club players for Liverpool, though their international careers were largely disappointing. In 1992, Souness had also brought in David James as an eventual successor to Bruce Grobbelaar (who finally left in 1994), and although James' fortunes at Anfield were mixed, he later went on to enjoy better fortunes elsewhere and was still keeping goal for England at the end of the following decade as he approached his 40th birthday.
Souness later claimed in his autobiography The Management Years that he faced an uphill struggle from day one for a number of reasons. The majority of key players were around or over age 30, such as Ian Rush, John Barnes, Peter Beardsley, Steve McMahon, Ray Houghton, Jan Molby, Ronnie Whelan, Steve Nicol and Bruce Grobbelaar, many of whom had testimonials during his time in charge. He knew they had eventually to be replaced and he doubted some of their desire. He claims in his book the senior players also appeared not to want to listen to him and may have resented his disciplinarian approach to their behaviour, and also claimed a number of players – including Beardsley and McMahon – asked for improved terms in their contracts or they would move elsewhere. In the end, Beardsley, McMahon and Houghton were sold, seemingly before quality replacements were found and these key components of Kenny Dalglish's last great side were not adequately replaced. Souness claimed Ian Rush and Ray Houghton had also demanded to know why new signings like Mark Wright were earning more money than them, despite not yet having won any trophies.
Souness also claims Liverpool chief executive Peter Robinson at the time had warned him this was a Liverpool team in decline and that they only had one player who was still "great", John Barnes. Souness was left disappointed by Barnes as he was at this time frequently suffering from injuries, and in particular suffered a ruptured achilles tendon which was to eventually affect his acceleration therefore affecting his playing style, and not giving Souness what he wanted from a vintage Barnes at his peak, which was what he saw as a "devastating winger with pace and goalscoring touch". He had also claimed Barnes was once the "best player in Britain" but unfortunately only saw flashes of his brilliance. Rumours about squabbles in the dressing room between the players and Souness were rife, with Ian Rush telling a Sky Sports interviewer that "teacups being thrown" were nothing new.
Souness also fell out with former Liverpool teammates Tommy Smith and Phil Thompson during his time in charge at Anfield. In his autobiography, Souness said that Thompson, the reserve team manager, was overheard angrily criticising his tactics and purchases behind his back. This was overheard by Manchester United assistant manager Brian Kidd and relayed to Walter Smith, who was so alarmed by Thompson's behaviour that he drove from Scotland to Liverpool to tell Souness what had been said. Souness dismissed Thompson as a result and the two have remained bitter towards each other since, with Thompson claiming in his own book he would never speak to Souness again as a result.
Souness said he had a number of spats as a Liverpool player with Thompson, including in 1981, when Thompson initially refused to speak to Souness for a while after he lost the captaincy to him; Thompson had accused Souness to his face and in front of the other Liverpool players of "stealing the captaincy behind his back". They also had an argument and physical fight which took place after Thompson had accused Souness of marrying his first wife Danielle only because she was wealthy. Souness believed these incidents may have contributed to Thompson's hostility and disrespect of him. Tommy Smith had been strongly criticising Souness in the local media at the time, and he had been caught mixing with the players and some of the coaches at Anfield despite no longer having an official position at the club. Souness banned Smith from the club areas, and said that in his last phone call with Tommy Smith, instructing him not to hang around the official club areas, he was certain he had "made an enemy for life".
After leaving Liverpool, Souness was out of work for over a year, despite reports at the end of the 1993–94 season linking him with a return to Middlesbrough, this time as a manager, a job which went to Bryan Robson instead.
Souness went to manage Galatasaray in Turkey in June 1995, and again managed to court controversy with local issues, nearly sparking a riot after placing a large Galatasaray flag into the centre circle of the pitch of arch rivals Fenerbahçe after Galatasaray had beaten them in the Turkish Cup final on 24 April 1996. The iconic image of the victor planting the flag drew comparisons with Turkish hero Ulubatlı Hasan, who was killed as he planted the Ottoman flag at the end of the Siege of Constantinople. This earned Souness the nickname "Ulubatlı Souness".
Souness then returned to England to manage Southampton, but after one season he resigned, citing differences with chairman Rupert Lowe. Souness is perhaps best remembered at Southampton for signing Senegalese player Ali Dia, supposedly on the recommendation of former FIFA World Player of the Year and former Liberian striker George Weah. Souness did not check any of Dia's credentials as a good player, which proved to be a hoax instigated by Dia's agent (who had made the initial call). When Dia made his sole appearance in the Premier League, as a substitute for Matt Le Tissier, he performed amazingly poorly and was substituted.
The Saints managed to avoid relegation from the Premier League in Souness' only season as manager, finishing 16th, but he resigned towards the end of May 1997. Within days, it was reported Everton, Liverpool's local rivals, were interested in appointing Souness as manager to succeed Joe Royle, but this never occurred.
After his stint at Southampton, Souness went back to Italy to become the coach at Torino. When he arrived, it was clear he would have no say in what players he could buy or sell, as the club's owner made those decisions. Souness lasted just four months before being dismissed.
In 1997, Souness was signed by Benfica's new chairman João Vale e Azevedo, who promised to return the club to its former glory. The Scottish manager brought several British players from the Premier League, including defenders Steve Harkness and Gary Charles, midfielders Michael Thomas and Mark Pembridge and forwards Dean Saunders and Brian Deane, as well as refusing to sign emerging talent Deco. One-and-a-half years later, Souness left the club and stated, "Vale e Azevedo lies when he looks in the eyes. Be careful, this man is dangerous."
Souness then became manager of Blackburn Rovers, earning promotion back to the Premier League in his first full season. During his four-year spell at Blackburn, he initially got the very best out of talented youngsters such as Damien Duff, David Dunn and Matt Jansen; brought Henning Berg back to the club and signed big name players like Andy Cole, Tugay Kerimoğlu, Brad Friedel and Dwight Yorke. Cole and Jansen scored in Blackburn's 2–1 League Cup victory over Tottenham Hotspur in 2002.
Souness then guided Blackburn to a top-six finish before a disappointing final season in 2003–04 in which the club struggled, although they avoided relegation. After less than one month of the following season, many Blackburn fans had begun to express grave doubts in Souness' handling of the club. His authoritarian methods had led to the alienation or departure of Yorke, Cole, Dunn, Berg and Keith Gillespie.
Although Souness could not be blamed for the long-term loss of Matt Jansen to a motorbike accident or Damien Duff's departure to Chelsea for £17 million, these players were not sufficiently replaced in the transfer market. Vratislav Greško, Lorenzo Amoruso and £6.75 million signing Corrado Grabbi were all flops for Blackburn, while Steven Reid and Brett Emerton were also disappointing, although they both improved for Blackburn after Souness' departure.
Despite a promising start to his role with results back to back, Souness quickly fell out with a number of players, including Welsh international Craig Bellamy, who left the club to join Souness' former employers, Blackburn, after being farmed out on loan to Celtic. Laurent Robert, Olivier Bernard and Jermaine Jenas are also believed to have left the club on bad terms with Souness. The club finished 14th in the league and despite making it to the quarter-finals of the UEFA Cup and the semi-finals of the FA Cup, Souness found himself under mounting pressure from Toon supporters.
Newcastle began the 2005–06 season in poor form, but Souness was hoping that the purchase of Michael Owen from Real Madrid on 30 August for an estimated club-record fee of £17 million would help to turn the club's fortunes around. Newcastle recorded a win in the Tyne-Wear derby against Sunderland (3–2), and went on to win their next three matches, keeping three clean sheets. Souness seemed to be tightening up Newcastle in defence, with six clean sheets in Newcastle's first 12 games of the season, as many as the whole of the preceding campaign. His decision to reunite the former England striker duo Alan Shearer and Michael Owen initially appeared shrewd. However, to Souness' and the club's misfortune, Owen cracked the fifth metatarsal of his right foot when he clashed with England teammate Paul Robinson during a 2–0 defeat at Tottenham on 30 December 2005 and was out of action for three months, adding to the club's injury woes.
Criticism of Souness' apparent lack of long-term planning, centred on a threadbare squad, and a consequent vulnerability to injury. Expensive signings – such as Jean-Alain Boumsong for £8 million, and Albert Luque for £10 million – failed to make an impression. By the beginning of February 2006, Newcastle United were placed 15th in the Premier League table and sliding dangerously towards a relegation battle, despite the spending of £50 million since Souness' arrival. On 2 February 2006, Souness was sacked as manager by chairman Freddy Shepherd and replaced by United's Youth Academy Director Glenn Roeder.
In the club's DVD season review for the 2005–06 season, goalkeeper Shay Given and defender Robbie Elliott acknowledged Souness was under pressure at the club as a result of injuries to the squad and admitted some players were to blame for their lack of all-round effort, but also admitted there was a bad atmosphere at the training ground, with Souness seeming to favour some players over others. Alan Shearer acknowledged the fans never really accepted Souness, as well as several injuries being instrumental in damaging the team's confidence. Chairman Freddy Shepherd declared it was the team's formation and loss against Manchester City that prompted his decision to sack Souness.
In the report of the Stevens inquiry into football corruption published in June 2007, Souness was criticised for an apparent lack of consistency:
There remains inconsistencies in evidence provided by Graeme Souness – a former manager of the club – and Kenneth Shepherd – apparently acting in an undefined role but not as a club official – as to their respective roles in transfer negotiations.
Souness issued a statement denying any wrongdoing:
"I cannot understand why my name features in this report. I volunteered full information to Quest as a witness and I have heard nothing further from them."
The Stevens inquiry then issued a clarification:
We wish to make it clear that inconsistencies did not exist within the evidence given by Graeme Souness to Quest concerning his role in transfers covered by the Inquiry during his time as manager of Newcastle United FC and neither the Premier League nor do Quest have any concerns in this regard.
In July 2007, Newcastle United was raided by the City of London Police, who were investigating transfer deals involving Newcastle, Rangers and Portsmouth. Two Souness transfers, Jean-Alain Boumsong and Amdy Faye, were among a list of 17 transfers not cleared by Quest. The Boumsong deal in particular was so odd that it was widely commented upon at the time. Four months after succeeding Sir Bobby Robson as manager, Souness was in his first transfer window as Newcastle manager. At £8.2 million, Boumsong was his first big signing and Souness said he would replace Jonathan Woodgate in the Newcastle defence, which had conceded several leads earlier in the season.
Newcastle were well aware of Boumsong prior to his move from Auxerre to Rangers on a free transfer. Robson had travelled to France to watch him, but he declined the opportunity to sign Boumsong. Liverpool were also interested in signing Boumsong. Robson's doubts were confirmed when Boumsong marked Alan Shearer in a pre-season game against Rangers. Shearer came off to speak in dismissive terms about the Frenchman's lack of physicality, and he later mentioned Boumsong's previous availability on a free transfer on television.
When Boumsong was given a torrid time by DJ Campbell during his Newcastle debut against Yeading in the FA Cup, doubts over the wisdom of the transfer mushroomed. The agent in the Boumsong and Faye transfers was Willie McKay. On 7 November 2007, Quest issued the following statement about McKay's dealings:
Further to the key findings from the final Quest report published on 15 June 2007 by the Premier League, Quest would like to emphasise that, in that report, it was clear that no evidence of irregular payments was found in the transfers in the inquiry period which involved the agent Willie McKay. Quest would also like to thank Mr McKay for his cooperation with the inquiry.
Career after management
Souness has appeared as a television analyst in the UK and Ireland regularly since his managerial career ended. He is currently one of the main analysts on Sky Sports coverage of the Premier League, regularly appearing on the Super Sunday programme featuring the biggest head-to-head matches, and was one of the main pundits used on their UEFA Champions League coverage until they lost the rights in 2015. Souness now also works for TV3 in Ireland and BEIN Sports in Qatar, mainly during international summer tournaments and Champions League game weeks. He also appears on Sky Sports coverage of the League Cup and Scotland internationals.
Souness previously featured on RTÉ's live coverage of the UEFA Champions League and on their highlights show Premier Soccer Saturday, covering the Premier League. He was also regularly seen covering RTÉ's coverage of Republic of Ireland football internationals. Souness contributed to RTÉ Sport's coverage of the 2010 FIFA World Cup, alongside Johnny Giles, Eamon Dunphy, Liam Brady, Ronnie Whelan, Denis Irwin, Ossie Ardiles and Dietmar Hamann for the duration of the group stage.
During analysis of the World Cup match between Ghana and Serbia on 13 June 2010, Souness made a controversial rape comment involving Nemanja Vidić and Fernando Torres live on air, commenting, "Vidic got raped... sorry, taken apart by Torres at Liverpool", which forced RTÉ to censure Souness and publicly apologise after a commercial break.
Possible returns to management
In June 2006, the chairman of Crystal Palace, Simon Jordan, claimed he wished to discuss with Souness a role in managing the club following the departure of Iain Dowie. However, no contract materialized.
Souness looked to be the front-runner for the Bolton Wanderers manager's job following the departure of his former Liverpool teammate Sammy Lee in October 2007, but later pulled out of the running when it became apparent the job was set to be given to Gary Megson. At around the same time, Souness was linked with taking over the Republic of Ireland national team.
In January 2008, Souness announced he would be willing to return to Newcastle United as manager, following the departure of Sam Allardyce and the arrival of the club's new ownership and board. However, United only interviewed Harry Redknapp and Kevin Keegan for the position, with Keegan soon after being appointed with the job; Souness's interest has never been publicly acknowledged by the club.
Following the sacking of Blackburn Rovers manager Paul Ince on 16 December 2008, Souness was linked with a return to the club as manager. However, Sam Allardyce was appointed as the new manager on 17 December, after Souness claimed to have had no contact at all from Blackburn about the position.
Having been linked with the Scotland national team in November 2009, Souness stated he has no desire to return to management at any level.
Bid for Wolverhampton Wanderers
In January 2007, it was reported by the Daily Mirror that Souness was heading a £20 million consortium to take over EFL Championship club Wolverhampton Wanderers. He attended a Wolves game as a VIP guest and made a formal offer for the club, asking to see the club's finances. The bid was rejected by the Wolves board, which felt it undervalued the club. Souness did not make a repeat offer for the club and it was later sold to another investor.
In 1985, Souness wrote an autobiography called No Half Measures. In 1999, he wrote another book chronicling his post-playing career up to and including his spell at Southampton, entitled Souness: The Management Years.
Souness' life and views outside football
Souness' first wife was Danielle Wilson; they met in 1982 and married in 1984. He adopted her young daughter, and they had three more children together. They separated in 1989 and later divorced.
Souness has been married to Karen Souness, his second wife, since 1994. Together, the couple have a son and Souness has two stepchildren from Karen's previous relationship. His stepdaughter Lauren works at al-Jazeera as a sports presenter.
Souness' political views have, at various points in his career, generated comment.
In 1982, Souness and teammate Sammy Lee made cameo appearances, as themselves, in an episode of the BBC's Liverpudlian drama series Boys from the Blackstuff. Written by Alan Bleasdale, the series offered a critique of Thatcherism – and in particular the large-scale unemployment then evident in urban Britain – apparently at odds with Souness's own Conservative politics.
In 2007, in the lead-up to elections to the Scottish Parliament, Souness was one of 15 prominent current and former footballers named in a newspaper advertisement urging "every patriotic Scot to help maintain Scotland's place in the United Kingdom which has served Scotland well."
His Liverpool team-mate, Michael Robinson said of Souness in 2016: "I found him a very personal, cuddly chap who was actually quite vulnerable about being a human being with emotions. To this day, he still tries very hard not to be this lovely cuddly person, when really he is." 
- Football League First Division: 1978–79, 1979–80, 1981–82, 1982–83, 1983–84
- Football League Cup: 1981–82, 1982–83, 1983–84
- FA Charity Shield: 1979, 1980, 1982
- European Cup: 1977–78, 1980–81, 1983–84
- European Cup Golden Boot: 1980–81
- PFA First Division Team of the Year: 1980–81, 1981–82, 1982–83, 1983–84
- PFA Team of the Century (1977–96): 2007
- Scottish Premier Division: 1986–87, 1988–89, 1989–90
- Scottish League Cup: 1986–87, 1987–88, 1988–89, 1990–91
- Football League Cup: 2001–02
Inducted into the Scotland national football team roll of honour in 1985, when he gained his 50th international cap. In 1998, Souness was included in the Football League 100 Legends list. A poll of 110,000 Liverpool supporters – 100 Players Who Shook The Kop, saw Souness placed the ninth most popular player in the club's history. Souness has been inducted into the English Football Hall of Fame (in 2007), the Scottish Football Hall of Fame (in 2004) and the Rangers F.C. Hall of Fame.
A summary of Souness's personal achievements are as follows in chronological order:
- Scotland national football team roll of honour
- Football League 100 Legends
- Liverpool 100 players who shook the Kop
- English Football Hall of Fame
- Scottish Football Hall of Fame
- Rangers Hall of Fame
|Club performance||League||Cup||League Cup||Continental||Total|
|England||League||FA Cup||League Cup||Europe||Total|
|1971–72||Tottenham Hotspur||First Division||0||0||0||0||0||0||1||0||1||0|
|Canada||League||Open Canada Cup||League Cup||North America||Total|
|England||League||FA Cup||League Cup||Europe||Total|
|Italy||League||Coppa Italia||League Cup||Europe||Total|
|Scotland||League||Scottish Cup||League Cup||Europe||Total|
|Scotland national team|
- Scores and results list Scotland's goal tally first.
|1.||22 June 1982||Estadio La Rosaleda, Málaga||Soviet Union||2–2||2–2||1982 FIFA World Cup|
|2.||16 June 1983||Commonwealth Stadium, Edmonton||Canada||3–0||3–0||Friendly|
|3.||12 September 1984||Hampden Park, Glasgow||Yugoslavia||2–1||6–1||Friendly|
|4.||23 April 1986||Wembley Stadium, London||England||1–2||1–2||1986 Rous Cup|
|Rangers||SCO||1 April 1986||16 April 1991||260||165||50||45||63.46|
|Liverpool||ENG||16 April 1991||28 January 1994||157||65||47||45||41.40|
|Galatasaray||TUR||1 July 1995||1 July 1996||43||25||10||8||58.14|
|Southampton||ENG||3 July 1996||1 June 1997||48||14||15||19||29.17|
|Torino||ITA||5 July 1997||12 October 1997||6||2||1||3||33.33|
|Benfica||POR||2 November 1997||3 May 1999||71||41||15||15||57.75|
|Blackburn Rovers||ENG||14 March 2000||6 September 2004||212||86||61||65||40.57|
|Newcastle United||ENG||13 September 2004||2 February 2006||83||36||18||29||43.37|
- "Graeme Souness". Barry Hugman's Footballers. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
- Rollin, Jack (1980). Rothmans football yearbook. London: Queen Anne Press. p. 222. ISBN 0362020175. Retrieved 14 April 2020.
- Lindsay, Clive (24 October 2005). "Pulling at Hearts' strings". BBC Sport. Retrieved 19 December 2016.
- "Focus on Graeme Souness from Shoot! 1986". LFC History. Retrieved 20 May 2011.
- "Bobby Murdoch: An obituary". BBC Sport. 15 May 2001. Retrieved 19 December 2016.
- lfchistory.net Player Profile
- "No Half Measures: Amazon.co.uk: Graeme Souness, Bob Harris: Books". Amazon.com. 28 March 1985. Retrieved 30 December 2012.
- Williamson, Laura (19 January 2009). "Liverpool v Everton – Sportsmail's top 10 Merseyside derbies". Daily Mail. London.
- "Liverpool Special: The Reds' Top 5 European Semi-Final Victories". Goal.com. Retrieved 30 December 2012.
- Grant, Michael (9 June 2006). "20 years on...the Souness revolution". The Sunday Herald. Retrieved 1 December 2017.
- "Rangers player Graeme Souness". Fitbastats.com. Retrieved 16 April 2017.
- Graeme Souness at the Scottish Football Association
- "My World Cup: Graeme Souness (1978, 1982, 1986)". Lancashire Telegraph. 21 June 2010. Retrieved 4 October 2015.
- "Souness: The Management Years: Amazon.co.uk: David Murray, Graeme Souness, Mike Ellis: Books". Amazon.com. Retrieved 30 December 2012.
- Reynolds, Jim (26 October 1987). "Spot-on Rangers earn the cheers". The Glasgow Herald. p. 9. Retrieved 21 October 2017.
- "1990/91 - Rangers 2-1 Celtic (aet)". BBC Sport. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
- "Flashback: 1991, Mark Walters and Scott Booth recall their part in Smith's maiden final-day triumph". The Herald. 14 May 2011. Retrieved 21 October 2017.
- Murray, Ewan (10 July 2009). "Why Mo Johnston still stirs emotions across Glasgow". The Guardian. Retrieved 29 September 2015.
- "The Souness Revolution". www.rangers.co.uk. Rangers FC. Archived from the original on 5 October 2015. Retrieved 4 October 2015.
They [David Murray and Graeme Souness] also did something which had not happened at Rangers for more than 70 years. They signed a high-profile Catholic player. In the early days of Scottish football, it was not unusual for players to turn out for both Rangers and Celtic. It was only around the time of the First World War, when Belfast shipyard workers moved to the Clyde, that sectarian attitudes began to harden.
- "Signing Mo Johnston was a bit of mischief admits Graeme Souness". Daily Record. 7 July 2009. Archived from the original on 5 June 2010. Retrieved 23 May 2012.
- Quinn, Philip (6 March 2001). "Angry Souness hits back at anti-Irish accusations". Irish Independent. Retrieved 4 October 2015.
I think if you look at my career in football as manager I've shown I'm not interested in creed or colour. I've signed Jewish players, black players, Catholic players when I was at Rangers and my kids are Catholic. Why would I be anti-anything? I'm not.
- McMurdo, Bill (11 July 2009). "10 July 1989: Rangers sign a Catholic". The Guardian. Retrieved 4 October 2015.
- New Straits Times - Google News Archive Search
- "Stephen Halliday: Six-game ban unfair? Try a two-year stint for size". The Scotsman. 21 January 2011. Retrieved 21 October 2017.
- Hugh Keevins (8 August 2009). "Graeme Souness: SFA snub means I'll never work in management again". Daily Record. Archived from the original on 10 November 2013. Retrieved 30 December 2012.
- "Rangers manager Graeme Souness". Fitbastats.com. Retrieved 16 April 2017.
- Rush, Ian (23 February 2008). "22.02.1991 Kenny Dalglish resigns as Liverpool manager". The Guardian. Retrieved 8 November 2015.
- Shergold, Adam (20 September 2012). "Brendan's biggest test: Rodgers to become the seventh Liverpool manager Fergie has faced - But how did the others do?". Daily Mail. Retrieved 6 August 2014.
- Shaw, Phil (5 May 1993). "Football: Doubts mount over Souness' future at Anfield: Liverpool manager 'continuing normal duties' as directors meet again while a former favourite and potential replacement criticises board". The Independent. Retrieved 6 August 2014.
- "Profile: Tougher than his old boots: Graeme Souness, still managing Liverpool". The Independent. 23 January 1993. Retrieved 4 October 2015.
- Ex-Liverpool FC boss Graeme Souness sorry for The Sun Hillsborough interview - Liverpool Echo
- McManaman, Steve (18 May 2009). "Souness's Cup final recovery - Wembley, 1992". The Guardian. Retrieved 13 December 2016.
- Shaw, Phil (3 May 1994). "Football: Lawrence leaves Middlesbrough". The Independent. London.
- "Ulubatli Souness (In Turkish)". cimbombom.8k.com. Archived from the original on 22 June 2007. Retrieved 19 June 2007.
- Holley, Duncan; Chalk, Gary (2003). In That Number – A post-war chronicle of Southampton FC. Hagiology Publishing. pp. 248 & 504. ISBN 0-9534474-3-X.
- "The one-off who played for Southampton". Guardian. Retrieved 3 December 2013.
- "The Journal of Failure". The Legend of Ali Dia. Archived from the original on 12 December 2013. Retrieved 24 July 2017.
- Powell, Jeff (30 May 1997). "Everton chasing Souness". Daily Mail. London.
- Madureira, Nuno (14 February 2014). "A noite em que Möller-Nielsen ficou às portas do Benfica" [The night that Möller-Nielsen almost joined Benfica]. Maisfutebol (in Portuguese). Retrieved 10 June 2016.
- Donn, Natasha (12 July 2019). "Vale e Azevedo tries to officially dodge 10-year jail term for embezzlement of Benfica's millions". Portugal Resident. Retrieved 12 September 2019.
- "Souness takes Newcastle job". BBC Sport. 6 September 2004. Retrieved 3 April 2012.
- "Magpies complete Boumsong signing". BBC Sport. 2 January 2005. Retrieved 3 April 2012.
- "Newcastle sack Souness". The Guardian. 2 February 2006. Retrieved 26 February 2019.
- Newcastle United – Season Review 2005/2006 on www.amazon.co.uk
- "What Stevens said about each club". The Daily Telegraph. London. 16 June 2007. Archived from the original on 28 December 2007. Retrieved 17 June 2007.
- Dart, James (15 June 2007). "Stevens names and shames 17 transfers in bungs inquiry". Guardian. Retrieved 6 August 2014.
- Bond, David (16 June 2007). "Stevens puts spotlight on the agents". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 6 August 2014.
- "Souness evidence to bung probe not in question". Edinburgh Evening News. Johnston Publishing. 22 June 2007. Archived from the original on 31 October 2007. Retrieved 22 September 2013.
- "Transfer probe queries 17 deals". BBC Sport. 15 June 2007.
- "Newcastle relaxed about police raids". The Guardian. 17 July 2007.
- "City reject Newcastle bid for Distin". Daily Telegraph. 7 January 2005. Retrieved 6 August 2014.
- "Boumsong aiming to put Toon back in tune". The Independent. 1 January 2005.[dead link]
- "Boumsong revelation". Channel 4. 10 January 2005.
- "Liverpool to move for Auxerre duo". RTÉ News. 13 May 2003.
- Scott, Matt (8 November 2007). "Quest finds no irregular payments in McKay deals". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 4 May 2010.
- Black, Fergus (2 June 2010). "RTÉ hopes Ossie and squad will spur fans to back home team". Irish Independent. Retrieved 2 June 2010.
- O'Malley, Carl (2 June 2010). "RTÉ roll out big guns for their 56 live games". The Irish Times. Archived from the original on 21 October 2012. Retrieved 2 June 2010.
- Souness rape gaffe forces RTE into apology.
- Graeme Souness World Cup controversial
- "Jordan targets Souness for boss". BBC Sport. 2 June 2006. Retrieved 3 October 2008.
- Louise Taylor (24 October 2007). "Bolton again train sights on Megson after Souness snub". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 4 February 2009.
- "Souness interested in Ireland job". BBC Sport. 28 October 2007.
- "Souness Keen on Newcastle Return". Yahoo! UK & Ireland Sport. 13 January 2008. Archived from the original on 16 January 2008. Retrieved 6 October 2008.
- "Souness keen on Toon Return". Sky Sports. 13 January 2008. Retrieved 6 October 2008.
- "Rovers target quick appointment". BBC Sport. 16 December 2008. Retrieved 16 December 2008.
- "Allardyce named Blackburn manager". BBC Sport. 18 December 2008. Retrieved 18 December 2008.
- Young, Chick; Idessane, Kheredine (8 December 2009). "Petrescu to discuss Scotland job". BBC Sport. Retrieved 8 December 2009.
- "Souness makes written Wolves bid". BBC Sport. 10 January 2007. Retrieved 11 May 2007.
- "Matches of the Day: How footballing marriages of yesterday compare to Coleen and Wayne's lavish nuptials". Evening Standard. London, UK. 11 June 2008. Archived from the original on 26 August 2011. Retrieved 30 December 2012.
- "The softer side of Toon's hardman". icnetwork.co.uk. 4 November 2004. Archived from the original on 14 May 2012. Retrieved 19 June 2007.
- McBeth, Jim (10 June 2010). "Fred the Shred is back: Shamed RBS boss returns to country he nearly bankrupted after buying £3.5m 'WAG dream house'". Daily Mail. London. Retrieved 3 January 2012.
- King, Daniel (13 March 2010). "Ex-Liverpool and Newcastle boss Graeme Souness joins Harry Redknapp in Sandbanks". Daily Mail. London, UK. Archived from the original on 9 August 2011. Retrieved 3 January 2012.
- Grant Farred (2002). "Long Distance Love: Growing Up a Liverpool Football Club Fan". Journal of Sport & Social Issues. 26. Retrieved 11 May 2007.
- Tempest, Matthew (23 April 2007). "Scottish football stars urge voters to reject independence call". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 11 May 2007.
- "A complete chapter from Simon Hughes' book Red Machine: Liverpool FC in the '80s: The Players' Stories". The Anfield Wrap. Retrieved 28 April 2020.
- "5 unlikely European Cup golden boot winners who shocked the continent". FourFourTwo. 14 February 2017. Retrieved 12 July 2017.
- "Honours the continent". LFChistory. Retrieved 12 July 2017.
- "Team of the Century: 1977-1996 - Souness, Robson & Hoddle...not a bad midfield trio!". GiveMeFootball.com. Give Me Football. 30 August 2007. Archived from the original on 22 October 2008. Retrieved 12 July 2017.
- "Manager profile: Graeme Souness". Premier League. Retrieved 14 September 2018.
- "100 Players Who Shook The Kop – The definitive list". liverpoolfc.tv. 8 October 2006. Archived from the original on 13 November 2006. Retrieved 19 June 2007.
- "Graeme Souness". Scottish Football Hall of Fame. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
- "Graeme Souness". National Football Teams. Benjamin Strack-Zimmerman. Retrieved 30 December 2012.
- Graeme Souness & Mike Ellis (1999). Souness: The Management Years. Andre Deutsch. ISBN 0-233-99738-5.
- Graeme Souness & Bob Harris (1987). No Half Measures. Grafton Books. ISBN 0-586-07424-4.
- Official past players at Liverpoolfc.tv
- LFC Online profile
- LFChistory.net Player profile
- Rangers Hall of Fame profile
- LFChistory.net Manager profile at the Wayback Machine (archived 26 June 2007)
- Graeme Souness (playing in Britain) at Soccerbase
- Graeme Souness (British) management career statistics at Soccerbase
- Middlesbrough Seasonal record 1972/73-1977/78 at Sporting-heroes.net
- Liverpool biography 1978/79-1983/84 at Sporting-heroes.net
- Rangers Seasonal record 1986/87-1990/91 at Sporting-heroes.net
- European Champions Cup/UEFA Champions League Winning Squads at the Wayback Machine (archived 7 April 2012)