Great Britain at the 1994 Winter Paralympics

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Great Britain at the
1994 Winter Paralympics
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg
IPC codeGBR
NPCBritish Paralympic Association
Websitewww.paralympics.org.uk
in Lillehammer
Competitors23[1] in 4 sports
Medals
Ranked 21st
Gold
0
Silver
0
Bronze
5
Total
5
Winter Paralympics appearances

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland competed at the 1994 Winter Paralympics held in Lillehammer, Norway. The team was known by it shortened name of Great Britain, for identification purposes. Twenty-three athletes, all of whom were men,. competed for Britain. The team won five medals at the Games, all bronze, and finished 21st in the medal table. Richard Burt won two medals in alpine skiing, as he had done in the 1992 Games. In addition to the medal performances the team had seven top ten finishes.

Medallists[edit]

The following British athletes won medals at the Games. In total five medals were won, all bronze, and the team finished 21st in the medal table.[1][2][3] In the 'by discipline' sections below, medallists' names are in bold.

Medal Name Sport Event
 Bronze James Barker Alpine skiing Men's downhill LWXI
 Bronze Richard Burt Alpine skiing Men's giant slalom B3
 Bronze Richard Burt Alpine skiing Men's super-G B3
 Bronze Matthew Stockford Alpine skiing Men's super-G LWX
 Bronze Peter Young Cross-country skiing Men's 5 km classical technique B1

Disability classification[edit]

Every participant at the Paralympics has their disability grouped into one of five disability categories; amputation, the condition may be congenital or sustained through injury or illness; cerebral palsy; wheelchair athletes, there is often overlap between this and other categories; visual impairment, including blindness; Les autres, any physical disability that does not fall strictly under one of the other categories, for example dwarfism or multiple sclerosis.[4][5] Each Paralympic sport then has its own classifications, dependent upon the specific physical demands of competition. Events are given a code, made of numbers and letters, describing the type of event and classification of the athletes competing. Events with "B" in the code are for athletes with visual impairment, codes LW1 to LW9 are for athletes who stand to compete and LW10 to LW12 are for athletes who compete sitting down.[6] In biathlon events, which contain a target shooting component, blind and visually impaired athletes are able to compete through the use of acoustic signals, whose signal intensity varies dependent upon whether or not the athlete is on target.[7]

Alpine skiing[edit]

Eight British athletes competed in alpine skiing events, a decrease from the eleven who had competed in the 1992 Games. Six of the athletes had previous Games experience. A total of four bronze medals were won by British skiers. Richard Burt medalled in both the giant slalom and super-G B3 classification, as he had done in 1992. Matthew Stockford, who won three bronze medals at the previous Games, took home a bronze in the super-G LXW and James Barker won bronze in the downhill LWXI.[1][8][9]

Athlete Event Time Rank
James Barker Downhill LWXI 1:39.12 Bronze medal icon.svg
Giant slalom LWXI Did not finish
Slalom LWXI 2:24.38 5
Super-G LWXI Did not finish
Richard Burt Downhill B3 Disqualified
Giant slalom B3 2:46.79 Bronze medal icon.svg
Slalom B3 Did not finish
Super-G B3 1:35.19 Bronze medal icon.svg
Michael Hammond Downhill LW2 1:31.27 15
Giant slalom LW2 Disqualified
Slalom LW2 Disqualified
Super-G LW2 1:35.84 24
Brian Harding Downhill LWX Did not finish
Giant slalom LWX Did not finish
Slalom LWX Did not start
Super-G LWX Did not finish
Jonathan Morris Downhill LW2 Did not finish
Giant slalom LW2 3:08.72 18
Slalom LW2 1:52.02 10
Super-G LW2 1:37.32 25
Graham Nugent Giant slalom LW1/3 Disqualified
Slalom LW1/3 Did not finish
Super-G LW1/3 2:14.38 7
Matthew Stockford Downhill LWX Did not finish
Giant slalom LWX Did not finish
Slalom LWX Did not start
Super-G LWX 1:48.18 Bronze medal icon.svg
Edward Suckling Giant slalom LW1/3 4:38.24 5
Slalom LW1/3 Did not finish
Super-G LW1/3 3:07.19 8

Biathlon[edit]

Three British men competed in biathlon events, all of them had also represented the nation in the 1992 Winter Paralympics.[8] All of Britain's biathletes raced in the 7.5 kilometres (4.7 mi) B1 classification, for those with no functional vision and in the shooting component were assisted by acoustic signals to indicate when they were on target.[10] None of the athletes won a medal, the highest placed finisher being Peter Young who came eleventh. Young and James Denton also competed in cross-country skiing events at the Games.[1][11]

Athlete Event Real time Missed shots Factor (%) Finish time Rank
Mike Brace 7.5 km B1 50:47.2 1 80 40:43.8 13
James Denton 48:16.2 6 80 39:12.10 12
Peter Young 41:34.9 9 80 34:09.9 13

Cross-country skiing[edit]

Britain sent two biathletes to the Games, both of whom had also competed in the 1992 Games. James Denton and Peter Young both competed in the 5 kilometres (3.1 mi), 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) and 20 kilometres (12 mi) races in the B1 classification. Young won the bronze medal in the 5 km event.[1][8] This was his second Paralympic bronze medal, he won his first in the 1984 Games in the 10 km event.[12] Denton's best finish was fourteenth in the 10 km event.[1]

Athlete Event Real time Factor (%) Finish time Rank
James Denton 5 km B1 21:24.9 85 18:12.1 16
10 km B1 44:24.0 80 35:31.2 14
20 km B1 1:23:58.6 85 1:11:22.8 15
Peter Young 5 km B1 16:23.2 85 13:55.7 Bronze medal icon.svg
10 km B1 34:38.5 80 27:42.8 11
20 km B1 1:03:45.7 85 54:11.8 4
Factor percentage

To ensure a fair event when athletes with differing disabilities compete, times achieved are sometimes modified by a factor percentage, to produce a result known as "Finish Time". It is this time that decides the result of the races.[13] Real times recorded are also listed.

Ice sledge hockey[edit]

Ice sledge hockey made its first appearance on the Paralympic schedule in Lillehammer.[14] Great Britain sent a squad of 12 athletes to compete in the sport.[1] Five teams competed in a group stage with the top two teams advancing to the gold medal match and third and fourth placed teams playing off for the bronze medal. The British team beat Estonia 2–0, drew 0–0 with both Canada and Norway and lost 7–0 to Sweden to finish fourth in the group. Facing Canada again for the bronze medal, Britain were defeated 2–0.[15]

Squad list[15] Group Bronze medal match Rank
Opposition
Result
Rank
Phil Brownstein
Andy Flockton
Dave Hall
Phillip Hall
Stuart Harley
William Henderson
Paul Ireson
John Lambert
William Levick
Anthony Neale
Philip Saunders
Neil Wood
 Norway
D 0–0
4  Canada
L 0–2
4
 Sweden
L 0–7
 Canada
D 0–0
 Estonia
W 2–0

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Athlete Search Results". International Paralympic Committee. Retrieved 13 April 2011.
  2. ^ "Turin welcomes Winter Paralympics". BBC Sport. 10 March 2006. Retrieved 13 April 2010.
  3. ^ "Kelly Gallagher claims fourth at Winter Paralympics". BBC Sport. 19 March 2010. Retrieved 13 April 2011.
  4. ^ "Paralympics categories explained". ABC. 3 September 2008. Retrieved 20 April 2010.
  5. ^ "Making sense of the categories". BBC Sport. 6 October 2000. Retrieved 20 April 2010.
  6. ^ "Sport Profiles, Alpine Skiing". Australian Paralympic Committee. Archived from the original on 12 September 2009. Retrieved 28 April 2011.
  7. ^ "Sport Profiles, Biathlon". Australian Paralympic Committee. Archived from the original on 29 September 2009. Retrieved 28 April 2011.
  8. ^ a b c "Athlete Search Results 1992". International Paralympic Committee. Retrieved 13 April 2011.
  9. ^ "Winter wonderland". BBC Sport. 26 March 2006. Retrieved 13 April 2011.
  10. ^ "About the Sport". International Paralympic Committee. Archived from the original on 25 March 2011. Retrieved 4 May 2011.
  11. ^ "Sports Classification". British Paralympic Association. Archived from the original on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 14 April 2011.
  12. ^ "British team plan to put money worries behind them". BBC News. 4 March 1998. Retrieved 14 April 2011.
  13. ^ "About the sport". International Paralympic Committee. Archived from the original on 20 October 2012. Retrieved 16 April 2010.
  14. ^ "British Paralympic chief targets two medals at Winter Games". morethanthegames.com. 9 March 2010. Archived from the original on 11 March 2010. Retrieved 13 April 2011.
  15. ^ a b "Results Lillehammer 1994 Paralympic Winter Games Ice Sledge Hockey Men". International Paralympic Committee. Retrieved 13 April 2011.

External links[edit]