Greene, New York

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Greene, New York
Genesee Street is the heart of Greene
Genesee Street is the heart of Greene
Greene is located in New York
Greene
Greene
Location of Greene in New York
Coordinates: 42°19′52″N 75°46′23″W / 42.33111°N 75.77306°W / 42.33111; -75.77306Coordinates: 42°19′52″N 75°46′23″W / 42.33111°N 75.77306°W / 42.33111; -75.77306
CountryUnited States
StateNew York
CountyChenango
Government
 • TypeTown Council
 • Town SupervisorJack T. Cook (R)
 • Town Council
Area
 • Total75.62 sq mi (195.85 km2)
 • Land75.08 sq mi (194.45 km2)
 • Water0.54 sq mi (1.40 km2)
Elevation
920 ft (280 m)
Population
 • Total5,604
 • Estimate 
(2016)[3]
5,249
 • Density69.91/sq mi (26.99/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
13778
FIPS code36-017-30422
Websitenygreene.com

Greene is a town in Chenango County, New York, United States. The population was 5,604 at the 2010 census.[2] The town is named after General Nathanael Greene.[4] It is located in the southwest corner of the county and contains a village, also named Greene. The town and village are northeast of Binghamton. Greene was founded in 1792, but commenced in 1798 (though this is hotly disputed).

History[edit]

Part of modern Greene was from land purchased in 1785 from the Oneida and Tuscarora people, but many of the Oneida remained in the area until about 1812. In 1792, the first outside settler arrived and established himself at Greene village.

Lithograph of Greene published by L.R. Burleigh 1890 with list of landmarks

The town was originally known as "Hornby", but changed its name to Greene in honor of General Nathanael Greene, a hero of the American Revolution.

The town was formed from the towns of Bainbridge and Union (Broome County) in 1798. More was added to Greene from Bainbridge (then "Jericho") in 1799. The town was later reduced by the formation of new towns: Coventry (1806) and Smithville (1808). More of Greene was taken to form part of the town of Barker in 1840, and another part of Greene was added to Coventry in 1843.

In 1842, the village of Greene was incorporated within the town.

Civil War Memorial

The former Chenango Canal (1837) helped build the town's commerce until replaced by the railroad, which was in turn replaced by Route 12 and State Highway 206.

In 1945 the Gross Flat flying field was purchased by Robert Barrows and the Greene Airport was established. The airport is still in operation and is located on 173 Airport Road. Boasting one of the longest and widest grass strips in the area, it is frequented by pilots in training. It is open to the public and has a local CFII instructor and a certified A&P. The Greene Airport also has a live updating weather station that sends data to the National Weather Service.

The Chenango River Theatre was founded in Greene in 2006 by a committee dedicated to the concept of establishing a professional, non-profit theatre to help attract tourists to Greene and Chenango County. That committee evolved into a Board of Directors, who selected Bill Lelbach as the company's initial Artistic and Managing Director. Now in their 11th season (2017), the theatre is still headed by Lelbach and still one of the relatively few Equity theatres in the country able to survive in a strictly rural environment.

The landmark Sherwood Hotel, now closed, is haunted[citation needed], due to the ever-present ghost of Viola, a wartime widow who hung herself with rope from the upper balcony. In 1910, then 20-year-old Viola, daughter of a local cattle rancher, had married the son of the wealthy Juliand family, Donovan. The couple had thirteen children together, until, in 1917, Donovan Juliand shipped out for the European theater of World War One. Though Donovan allegedly wrote Viola each day for every day of 1917, always proclaiming his longing to return to her and their children, he never made it home, and Viola, heartbroken and lovesick, eventually took her own life by hanging herself where she worked, the Sherwood Hotel.

Every November 24th, Viola’s birthday, local residents dress up in dresses and wear ropes from their necks and sing traditional songs of longing from the upper balcony of the Sherwood.

Though it has seldom been witnessed by human eyes, the March of the Leprechauns occurs each January 6th, typically between Genesee and Chenango streets. There have been reports of at least ten Leprechauns in one parade. The United States census refuses to acknowledge the temporary increase in town population.

Geography[edit]

Aerial view of Greene from the south, 2013. The Chenango River can be seen running roughly north-south in the eastern part of town.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 75.6 square miles (195.9 km2), of which 75.1 square miles (194.4 km2) is land and 0.54 square miles (1.4 km2), or 0.72%, is water.[2] The Chenango River, a tributary of the Susquehanna River, flows southward through the town.

The west and south town lines form the border with Broome County.

New York State Route 206, an east-west highway, intersects New York State Route 12 in Greene village.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18202,590
18302,96214.4%
18403,46216.9%
18503,7638.7%
18603,8091.2%
18703,537−7.1%
18803,378−4.5%
18903,164−6.3%
19003,152−0.4%
19102,992−5.1%
19202,917−2.5%
19303,0484.5%
19403,1884.6%
19503,71216.4%
19604,62424.6%
19705,34715.6%
19805,7297.1%
19906,0535.7%
20005,729−5.4%
20105,604−2.2%
Est. 20165,249[3]−6.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 5,729 people, 2,275 households, and 1,540 families residing in the town. The population density was 76.2 people per square mile (29.4/km²). There were 2,550 housing units at an average density of 33.9 per square mile (13.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.53% White, 0.24% Black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.07% from other races, and 0.59% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.58% of the population.

There were 2,275 households out of which 32.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.8% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.3% were non-families. 26.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the town, the population was spread out with 26.5% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 25.6% from 45 to 64, and 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.4 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $38,333, and the median income for a family was $41,943. Males had a median income of $33,487 versus $22,881 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,640. About 8.3% of families and 10.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.8% of those under age 18 and 6.3% of those age 65 or over.

Communities and locations in the Town of Greene[edit]

  • Crestmont – A residential development off NY-206 atop Juliand Hill.
  • Fickles Corner – A hamlet in the southwest corner of Greene on NY-12.
  • Genegantslet – A hamlet northwest of Greene village on NY-206.
  • Greene – The village of Greene, located on NY-12 and NY-206.
  • Lower Genegantslet Corner – A hamlet southwest of Greene village on NY-12.
  • Quinneville – A hamlet by the south town line on County Road 9.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 4, 2017.
  2. ^ a b c "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Greene town, Chenango County, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved November 20, 2014.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 143.
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.

External links[edit]