Guadalajara light rail system

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Urban Electric Train (Tren Eléctrico Urbano)
SITEUR T logo.png
Guadalajara LRV crossing street north of Santa Filomena station in 1990.jpg
Line 1 runs at-grade south of the city center and has several level crossings.
Overview
LocaleGuadalajara, Jalisco
Transit type
Number of lines3
Number of stations48
Daily ridership240,000 (daily)[1]
WebsiteSITEUR
Operation
Began operation
  • 1989 (Line 1)
  • 1994 (Line 2)
  • 2020 (Line 3)
Operator(s)SITEUR
Technical
System length47 km (29.2 mi)[1][failed verification]
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification750 V DC, overhead[2]
System map.
Line 1 is shown in blue, Line 2 in green, and Line 3 in light pink.

Guadalajara's light rail network: Line 1 is shown in blue, Line 2 in green, and Line 3 in light pink

The Guadalajara light rail system (Spanish: Tren ligero de Guadalajara), which is operated by SITEUR (Sistema de Tren Eléctrico Urbano, Spanish for Urban Electric Train System), is an urban rail transit system that includes light rail,[2][3][4] light metro, and rapid transit (metro) lines, serving the municipalities of Guadalajara, Zapopan and Tlaquepaque, in the state of Jalisco, Mexico. It is owned by the state of Jalisco, and operator SITEUR is a state authority. Opened in 1989, the system currently has three lines: Line 1 (a light rail line), running from north to south, with 20 stations, Line 2 (a light metro line), running from the city center to the east, with 10 stations, and Line 3 (a Metro line), running from the north-west to south-east with 18 stations. Line 3 makes the system the second city in Mexico with a rapid transit line (Monterrey's Metro, although called one, is actually a light metro system).[citation needed]

Lines[edit]

Line Termini Length Stations Year opened
L1 Guadalajara.png Auditorio Periférico Sur 16.3 km 20 1989
L2 Guadalajara.png Juárez Tetlán 8.5 km 10 1994
L3 Guadalajara.png Central Camionera Arcos de Zapopan 21.0 km 18 2020

History[edit]

The history of urban trains in Guadalajara dates back to the 19th century, with the first trams pulled by mules, going from the Cathedral to the Templo de la Merced.

In 1974, several houses and streets in the city centre were demolished to make way for a new wide roadway, named Avenida Federalismo, and the construction of a new public-transport tunnel underneath. Avenida Federalismo (also known as Calzada del Federalismo) replaced what had been C. Moro (but with a much wider right-of-way) and is one of Guadalajara's most major thoroughfares. The 6.6-kilometre (4.1 mi) tunnel underneath the avenue was designed for future use by a rail system, but due to a lack of funding at the time, it was initially served by a new trolleybus system, which opened on December 15, 1976.[2] Several years later, work began to convert the trolleybus tunnel and stations for use by a light rail line. The tunnel closed for trolleybuses in early 1988,[5] but trolleybus service continued on other routes and is still in operation. The first light rail line, Line 1, opened on September 1, 1989.[2]

Line 2 runs entirely underground. Oblatos station, 2019

A few years later, Line 2 was constructed, and it opened on July 1, 1994.[2] Because of the continuing heavy traffic congestion on the city's streets and the large numbers of users of the rail system, there are plans to extend Line 2 to the west and to build a third line.

Line 1 runs underground in the city center, but runs "at grade" north and south of the city center, and its surface sections include several level crossings, protected by crossing gates. The station platforms accommodate trains composed of no more than two cars. Line 2 is entirely underground except for a non-passenger section at its east end, connecting the last station to the maintenance facility. Its stations are long enough to accommodate trains of up to four cars.

The German company Siemens supplied the system engineering, signaling and telecommunication, power supply, and some components of the vehicles.

Construction of the new Line 3[6] began at the end of 2014. The 21.4-kilometre (13.3 mi) line features a combination of underground (5.3 km (3.3 mi)) and elevated sections (16.1 km (10.0 mi)) and serves 18 stations. It crosses the full length of the city, from Zapopan in the northwest to Tlaquepaque and Tonalá, in the southeast, via the city center.[7]

Unidad Deportiva station, on Line 1
Guadalajara light rail
 3 
Arco de Zapopan
Auditorio
 1 
Periferico Belenes
Periférico Norte
Mercado del Mar
Dermatológico
shops
Zapopan Centro
Tetlán
 2 
Atemajac
La Aurora
Plaza Patria
San Jacinto
División del Norte
San Andrés
Circunvalación Country
Cristóbal de Oñate
Ávila Camacho
Oblatos
La Normal
Belisario Domínguez
Santuario
San Juan de Dios
Mezquitán
Guadalajara Centro
Refugio
Plaza Universidad
 2 
Juárez
Indepencia Sur
Mexicaltzingo
Plaza de La Bandera
Washington
Tequila Express
to Amatitán
Railroad Station
CUCEI
Santa Filomena
Revolución
Unidad Deportiva
Río Nilo
Urdaneta
Tlaquepaque Centro
18 de Marzo
Lázaro Cárdenas
Isla Raza
Central de Autobuses
 3 
Patria
España
Santuario Mártires de Cristo Rey
shops
 1 
Periférico Sur

Lines[edit]

Line 1[edit]

Metro Line 3's Guadalajara Centro Station in 2020

Line 1 runs from north (North Beltway) to south (South Beltway). It is 15.5 kilometres (9.6 mi) long. Line 1 stations are:

Line 2[edit]

Line 2 runs from downtown (Juárez) to the east (Tetlán), and is 8.8 kilometres (5.5 mi) long. Its stations are:

Line 3[edit]

SITEUR Line 3 Route (2017)
Central de Autobuses station on Line 3

Line 3 runs from Zapopan in the northwest to Tlaquepaque and Tonalá in the southeast. Its stations are:

Fleet[edit]

Car 002, built in 1988 by Concarril, laying over at the southern terminus of Line 1, Periférico Sur station, in 1990.

The fleet consists of 78 articulated light rail vehicles,[8] each bi-directional ("double-ended") and powered from overhead lines. They have a top speed of 70 km/h (43 mph). Three of the models are the same general type (only the 18 Barcelona Metro 9000 Series units, who operate on the Line 3, are different) three models were built in Mexico, and one model was built in Spain. The first 16 cars were built by Concarril,[2] and using propulsion equipment from Melmex (Mitsubishi Electric of Mexico).[9] For line 2, another 32 cars were ordered, and these came from Bombardier, which had acquired Concarril in 1992 and built this new batch in the same factory (in Ciudad Sahagún) as the earlier batch;[2] they have propulsion equipment from Siemens. In 2015 SITEUR ordered 12 more cars who were also from Bombardier for the line 1. Then SITEUR ordered 18 more cars from Alstom for the future line 3. The first batch were model TLG 88, the second were model TEG 90, the third were model TEG 15, and the fourth were Barcelona Metro 9000 Series.

Model Manufacturer Year Built Operating Lines
TLG-88 Concarril-Melmex (Mitsubishi) 1988 Line 2
TEG-90 Bombardier-Siemens AG 1990 Lines 1 and 2
TEG-15 Bombardier 2015 Line 1
Barcelona Metro 9000 Series Alstom 2002 Line 3

Network map[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Características Tren Eléctrico" [Electric Train Characteristics] (in Spanish). SITEUR. 2013. Archived from the original on July 28, 2013. Retrieved September 12, 2020.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g May, Jack (1994). "Mexico Says Sí to LRT: Light Rail South of the Border". 1994 Light Rail Annual & User's Guide. Pasadena, CA: Pentrex. pp. 5–7. ISSN 0160-6913.
  3. ^ Webb, Mary, ed. (2011). "Foreword". Jane's Urban Transport Systems 2011-2012. Coulsdon, Surrey: Jane's Information Group. pp. 20–22. ISBN 978-0-7106-2954-8.
  4. ^ World Systems List: Mexico (with introduction and country index here). 2019. Light Rail Transit Association (UK).
  5. ^ Aberson, Gert (July–August 1993). "Guadalajara Update". Trolleybus Magazine. National Trolleybus Assn. pp. 87–92. ISSN 0266-7452.
  6. ^ "Line 3".[full citation needed]
  7. ^ "Línea 3 del Tren Eléctrico de Guadalajara" (PDF). Línea 3 project website (in Spanish). Secretaría de Comunicaciones y Transportes, Jalisco. 2014. Retrieved August 10, 2015.
  8. ^ "SITEUR - Sistema de transport electric urbano" [SITEUR - System of urban electric transport] (in Spanish). SITEUR. 2013. Retrieved July 24, 2013.
  9. ^ Webb, Mary, ed. (2009). Jane's Urban Transport Systems 2009-2010. Coulson, Surrey: Jane's Information Group. p. 240. ISBN 978-0-7106-2903-6.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 20°43′49″N 103°21′08″W / 20.73028°N 103.35222°W / 20.73028; -103.35222