Gurdaspur

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Gurdaspur
City
Gurdaspur is located in India
Gurdaspur
Gurdaspur
Gurdaspur is located in Punjab
Gurdaspur
Gurdaspur
Coordinates: 32°02′00″N 75°24′00″E / 32.0333°N 75.40°E / 32.0333; 75.40Coordinates: 32°02′00″N 75°24′00″E / 32.0333°N 75.40°E / 32.0333; 75.40
CountryIndia
StatePunjab
DistrictGurdaspur
Founded byBhai Guriya Ji
Government
 • TypeMunicipality
 • BodyMunicipal Council Gurdaspur
 • Deputy CommissionerMohammad Ishfaq, IAS[1]
Area
 • Total45 km2 (17 sq mi)
Elevation
241 m (791 ft)
Population
 (2015)
 • Total77,928
 • Density649/km2 (1,680/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
143521
Area code(s)+91-1874-XXX XXXX
Vehicle registrationPB-06, PB-18, PB-58, PB-99, PB-85
Websitegurdaspur.nic.in

Gurdaspur is a city in the state of Punjab, India, between the rivers Beas and Ravi, from the international border between India and Pakistan. It houses the administrative headquarters of Gurdaspur District and is in the geographical centre of the district.

Gurdaspur city was named after Mahant Guriya das ji.[2] The Emperor Akbar was crowned at Kalanaur, which is 26 km from the city. Behrampur town, where the Maqbara (mausoleum) of Bairam Khan is situated, is 10 km away. Dinanagar city, which was the capital of the kingdom of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, is 12 km away.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 India census,[3] Gurdaspur had a population of 2,299,026 (1,212,995 males and 1,086,031 females). There was a 9.30% increase in population compared to that of 2001. In the previous 2001 census of India, Gurdaspur District had recorded a 19.74% increase to its population compared to 1991.

The average literacy rate of Gurdaspur in 2011 was 81.10%, compared to 73.80% in 2001. The male and female literacy rates were 85.90% and 75.70%, respectively. For the 2001 census, the rates were 79.80% and 67.10% respectively. The total literate population was 1,668,339, consisting of 928,264 males and 740,075 females. Sex ratio is about 895 females per 1000 males. Population Density was 649 per square km. [3]

Education[edit]

Gurdaspur has many elementary and secondary level schools and has 13 degree level and engineering colleges.[4] Beant College of Engineering and Technology, is among them, founded by then Chief Minister Beant Singh in 1995. A nationally accredited body by Ministry of Tourism (India) Institute of Hotel Management, Catering & Nutrition is also located in Gurdaspur.

Colleges

  • Beant College of Engineering and Technology Gurdaspur
  • Baba Hazara Singh Polytechnic College, NH-54, Byepass, Aujla, Gurdaspur
  • City Nursing College Gurdaspur
  • Golden Group of Institutions Gurdaspur
  • Govt. College Gurdaspur
  • Guru Nanak Dev University Regional Campus Gurdaspur
  • Himalya Group of Institutions
  • IHM(Institute of Hotel Management) Gurdaspur
  • Pt. Mohan Lal S.D. COllege for Women
  • Shivalik College of Education
  • Sukhjinder Group of Institutes Gurdaspur
  • Navodaya Vidyalaya, Gurdaspur(Planned)
  • Sainik School, Dalla Goriya, Gurdaspur(Planned)

Schools

  • Cambridge International School, Kalanaur Road, Gurdaspur
  • Delhi Public School, Behrampur Road, Gurdaspur
  • Doon International School, Mukerian Road, Gurdaspur
  • Govt. Meritorious School, Batala Road, Gurdaspur
  • Govt. Senior Secondary school (Boys) Gurdaspur (PSEB)
  • Govt. Senior Secondary school (Girls) Gurdaspur (PSEB)
  • HRA International School, Byepass NH-54, Gurdaspur
  • HRA Lotus School, Behrampur Road, Gurdaspur
  • Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya Gurdaspur (Planned)
  • Jiya Lal Mittal D.A.V. Public School
  • Little Flower Convent School, Gurdaspur
  • Sri Advait Gurukul Heights School, Kondal Enclave, Jail Road, Gurdaspur
  • St. Soldier Divine Public School Gurdaspur
  • T.C. International School, Behrampur Road, Gurdaspur

Transport[edit]

Road[edit]

Gurdaspur is located on National Highway 54 which connects it to Amritsar, Pathankot, Jammu etc. One more highway National Highway 354 originates from Gurdaspur City which passes through Kalanaur, Dera Baba Nanak, Ajnala, Amritsar including other border towns and terminates at Malout in District Sri Muktsar Sahib. Gurdaspur also has a link to National Highway 44 (India) through Gurdaspur-Mukerian road which provides connectivity to Jalandhar, Hoshiarpur, Ludhiana, Chandigarh etc. by means of various A.C. and Non A.C. buses. An Expressway by name of Delhi–Amritsar–Katra Expressway at the cost of 25,000 Crore is approved under Bharatmala scheme which will pass through Gurdaspur. This controlled-access highway will connect Gurdaspur directly with Jalandhar, New Delhi and other major cities of North India by road. Union Minister for Road Transport & Highways, Mr. Nitin Gadkari announced that Amritsar–Gurdaspur Highway NH-54 will also be converted to signal free and one stretch of the Expressway will connect to Dera Baba nanak near Kartarpur corridor.

Rail[edit]

Gurdaspur railway station lies on Amritsar–Pathankot line. This railway station has two platforms in which one is used for passenger trains and second one is for freight trains. This railway station is fully Electrified and the work of electrification was completed in 2019. The doubling of the Amritsar–Pathankot line passing from Gurdaspur is under development. The station code is GSP. This station is well connected with nearest stations viz. Amritsar and Pathankot and there are many trains to these respective destinations. Also the far stations viz. Jammu Tawi, Bathinda, Bikaner, Jodhpur, Ambala, Delhi, Tatanagar, Rourkela are connected with Gurdaspur railway station by one or two trains.

Medical facilities[edit]

  • Civil Hospital, Babri, National Highway 54 Gurdaspur
  • Abrol Super Speciality Hospital, Kailash Enclave, Batala Road, Gurdaspur
  • R.P. Arora Medicity, Near BSF headquarters, Railway Road, Gurdaspur
  • Kalsi Children Hospital, Kalanaur Road, Gurdaspur
  • Deep Multispeciality Hospital, Jail Road, Gurdaspur
  • Mahajan Hospital, Hardochhani Road Gurdaspur.
  • Govt. Medical College(Planned)

Administrative towns[edit]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Punjab Police Amritsar". gurdaspur.nic.in. Retrieved 3 March 2020.
  2. ^ "About District". Gurdaspur.nic.in. Archived from the original on 2 August 2005. Retrieved 4 March 2013.
  3. ^ a b "Gurdaspur District Population Census 2011, Punjab literacy sex ratio and density". Census2011.co.in.
  4. ^ "Education Facilities in District Gurdaspur". Gurdaspur.nic.in. Archived from the original on 18 May 2005. Retrieved 31 March 2013.
  5. ^ http://india.gov.in/my-government/indian parliament/vinod-khanna

Further reading[edit]

  • Chester, Lucy P. Borders and Conflict in South Asia: The Radcliffe Boundary Commission and the Partition of Punjab. Manchester UP, 2009.
  • Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Gurdaspur" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 12 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  • Official website