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Observation data (J2000 epoch)
Right ascension 17h 06m 47.8s[1]
Declination+58° 46′ 23″[1]
Helio radial velocity288866 km/s[1]
Mass2.7×1011[2] M
Other designations
1HERMES S350 J170647.8+584623[1]

HFLS3 is the name for a distant galaxy, located at z = 6.34, originating about 880 million years after the Big Bang.[2] Its discovery was announced on 18 April 2013 as an exceptional starburst galaxy producing nearly 3,000 solar masses of stars a year.[2] It was found by using the far infrared capable Herschel Space Telescope.[2] The galaxy was estimated to have 35 billion stars.[3] It is 10–30 times the mass of other known galaxies at such an early time in the Universe.

HFLS3 was subjected to a follow-up campaign by other telescopes due to its high redness. HFLS3 was found in the HerMES campaign, which also found other very red sources.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e "NAME HFLS 3". SIMBAD. Centre de données astronomiques de Strasbourg. Retrieved 17 February 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d Riechers, D. A.; Bradford, C. M.; Clements, D. L.; Dowell, C. D.; Pérez-Fournon, I.; Ivison, R. J.; Bridge, C.; Conley, A.; et al. (2013). "A dust-obscured massive maximum-starburst galaxy at a redshift of 6.34". Nature. 496 (7445): 329–333. arXiv:1304.4256. Bibcode:2013Natur.496..329R. doi:10.1038/nature12050. PMID 23598341.
  3. ^ "Despite young age, galaxy births billions of stars | Cornell Chronicle". news.cornell.edu. Retrieved 2018-01-30.
  4. ^ Clements, David L. (2014). Infrared Astronomy – Seeing the Heat: from William Herschel to the Herschel Space Observatory. CRC Press. p. 185. ISBN 978-1-4822-3727-6.

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