HMS Nimrod (1812)

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History
Royal Navy EnsignUK
Name: HMS Nimrod
Ordered: 26 September 1811
Builder: Jabez Bayley, Ipswich
Laid down: November 1811
Launched: 25 May 1812
Fate: Sold 1827
Civil Ensign of the United Kingdom.svgUnited Kingdom
Port of registry:
  • London
  • Liverpool
Acquired: 1827 by purchase
Fate: No longer listed in Lloyd's Register (LR) after 1851
General characteristics [1]
Class and type: Cruizer-class brig-sloop
Tonnage: 3842294, or 369; 469 after 1827 lengthening[2] (bm)
Length:
  • 100 ft 0 in (30.5 m) (overall)
  • 77 ft 2 34 in (23.5 m) (keel)
Beam: 30 ft 7 in (9.3 m)
Depth of hold: 12 ft 10 in (3.91 m)
Propulsion: Sails
Sail plan: Brig
Complement: 121
Armament:

HMS Nimrod was a brig-sloop of the British Royal Navy, launched in 1812. She spent her war years in north American waters where she captured one small privateer, assisted in the capture of another, and captured or destroyed some 50 American vessels. After the war she captured smugglers and assisted the civil authorities in maintaining order in Tyne. She was wrecked in 1827 and so damaged that the Navy decided she was not worth repairing. A private ship-owner purchased Nimrod and repaired her. She then went on to spend some 20 years trading between Britain and Charleston, the Mediterranean, Australia, and India. She was last listed in 1851.

HMS Nimrod[edit]

War of 1812[edit]

Commander Nathaniel Mitchel commissioned Nimrod in August 1812. He then sailed her for North America on 22 September.[1] On 4 January 1813 Nimrod was at 25°45′N 56°14′W / 25.750°N 56.233°W / 25.750; -56.233 while sailing from Newfoundland to Bermuda. She had parted from her convoy in bad weather.[3]

On 23 January Nimrod left Barbados with the trade for St Vincents, Grenada, and Jamaica.[4]

On 12 or 15 March 1813, Nimrod captured the American "private ship of war" Defiance off Morant Bay, Jamaica, and sent her into Port Royal, Jamaica. Defiance, of three guns and 80 men, was under the command of a Frenchman.[5][Note 1][Note 2]

Maidstone, Sylph, and Nimrod captured the brig Victor, of 52½ tons (bm), Swedish lasts, Carl Fred Hallberger, master, on 13 May. She had been sailing from Haiti to New London with 140 hogsheads (hhds) of sugar.[9]

On 17 July Maidstone, with Poictiers and Nimrod in company, captured the American privateer Yorktown, of 20 guns and 140 men, after a four-hour chase. Yorktown, under Captain T. W. Story, had taken 11 prizes before Maidstone captured her. The British sent Yorktown and her crew into Halifax.[10]

Nimrod recaptured the sloop Mary, F. Glawson, master, on 27 July.[9] Mary went into Halifax.[11] Four days later Nimrod recaptured the sloop William & Ann, of 77 tons (bm), W. Eadie, master. William and Mary had been sailing from Scotland to Ireland with a cargo of coals and glass when captured.[9]

On 11 August, Nimrod captured the ship Republican, A. Baupen, master, which was sailing from New York to Port au Prince.[12] She was carrying provisions, lumber, tobacco, fruit and dry goods.[9] Nimrod sent her into Halifax.[13]

Poictiers, in company with Maidstone and Nimrod, captured several vessels.

  • 13 August: brig Anna, of 125 tons, Diego Martinez, master, sailing from Newhaven to La Guaira.[12][Note 3][Note 4]
  • 18 August: ship Manchester.[12] Manchester was a Falmouth packet brig, R. Elphinstone, master, and represented a recapture.[9] Manchester, of 180 tons (bm) and 16 guns, had been a prize to the American privateer Yorktown.[15][Note 5] The squadron also recaptured Lavinia, which Yorktown had captured as Lavinia, of Greenock, had been sailing from Newfoundland to Lisbon.[13]

Nimrod and Albion captured the ship Chili, 260 tons, R. Gardner, master, of Nantucket, on 2, or 7 December. Chili was returning from a whaling voyage with 500 barrels of sperm oil. Nimrod put 500 barrels of flour on her, flour that Nimrod had earlier taken out of a sloop.[9] Chili and Nimrod arrived at Halifax on 13 December, reportedly after Nimrod had cut her out of Tarpaulin Bay, now known as Tarpaulin Cove.[17] A later report has Chili carrying 1210 barrels of sperm oil.[18][Note 6]

On 13 December, Nimrod captured the sloop Manhatton, D. Gladding, master.[9]

Nimrod bombarded the town of Falmouth, Massachusetts on 29 January 1814.[20]

Nimrod's boats destroyed a Swedish brig of unknown name on 31 May in Eastern River, Rhode Island, now known as the Sakonett River.[21]

On 2 June, the schooner USRC Vigilant towed into Newport, Rhode Island, the brig Little Francis. Little Francis had been sailing from St Barts with molasses and sugar when she encountered Nimrod. Nimrod had run Little Francis on shore, and a landing party had set fire to her. However, the crew had refloated her, enabling Vigilant to take her under tow.[22] On 3 June Edmond arrived at Halifax after Nimrod ordered her off as Edmond was sailing from St Bartholomew's to America.[23]

On 4 June, Nimrod captured the brig Francisca De Paula, of 90 tons (bm), Frederica Arenos, master. She had been sailing from Havana to Boston with 145 hhds of molasses.[9] Two days after that, on 6 June, Nimrod captured the brig Herculaneum, of 111 tons, Andrew Smith, master. She had been sailing from Haiti Hayti to Boston or Madeira with 19801 gallons of molasses and 19 hhds of sugar.[9]

Commander George Hilton assumed command on 7 June 1814.

On 13 June, Nimrod bombarded Fairhaven, Massachusetts, after the townspeople refused to surrender some cannons. After exchanging fire with the local militia dug in at Fort Phoenix, Nimrod disengaged and sailed off.[24]

In June Captain Charles Paget, in Superb, received intelligence that two new vessels were lying at Wareham, Massachusetts, at the head of Buzzard's Bay, as well as some older ones. He immediately dispatched Nimrod through Quick's Hole with the boats from Superb and two from Nimrod to destroy them. The boats destroyed 17 vessels (accounting in all for 2522 tons (bm)), and a cotton manufactory that had been recently built at great expense, was full of stores worth some half-a-million dollars, and belonged to a company of 60 Boston merchants. The British then took several locals hostage so that they might withdraw through the narrow waters during daylight without the militia firing on them. The vessels destroyed were:[25]

  • Ship Fair Trader, of 444 tons, quite new, built for a letter of marque, and pierced for 18 12-pounder guns.
  • Brig Independent, of 300 tons, on the stocks, built for a privateer, and pierced for 14 guns, ready for launching.
  • Schooner Fancy, of 250 tons, belonging to Falmouth, new vessel.
  • Schooner Elizabeth, of 230 tons, belonging to Falmouth, new vessel.
  • Schooner Nancy, of 230 tons, belonging to Falmouth, hew vessel.
  • Sloop Wilmington, of 150 tons, built in 1809.
  • Schooner Industry, of 136 tons, built in 1809.
  • Schooner Argus, of 136 tons, built in 1812.
  • Brig William Richmond, of 135 tons, built in 1808.
  • Schooner New States, of 96 tons, built in 1800.
  • Sloop Paragon, of 70 tons, 1811.
  • Sloop, name unknown, of 70 tons, ready for launching.
  • Sloop William, of 60 tons, built in 1801.
  • Sloop Thomas, of 60 tons, not known when built.
  • Sloop William Lucy, of 50 tons, new, never at sea.
  • Sloop Experiment, of 60 tons, not known when built.
  • Sloop Friendship, of 45 tons, built in 1805.

Between 6 August and 9 October, Nimrod captured 38 schooners and sloops.[26] On 14 September Nimrod captured the schooner Maria, which head been sailing from New Port, Rhode Island, to New York with a cargo of salt, fish and oil, and sent her into Halifax.[9]

Then on 8 December, Nimrod recaptured the brig Lady Prevost, of 146 tons (bm), Alex Strang, master. When the privateer Yankee had captured her, Lady Prevost had been sailing from Lisbon to St. Johns, Newfoundland, with a cargo of salt.[9] Lady Prevost arrived at Halifax on 16 December.[27]

On 21 January 1815 Funchal arrived at Bermuda. Nimrod had detained Funchal as she was sailing from New York to Lisbon.[28] However, on 10 February Nimrod was at 33°23′N 20°5′W / 33.383°N 20.083°W / 33.383; -20.083 having been caught in a gale and having had to throw all her guns overboard to stay afloat.[29]

Post-war[edit]

Commander John M'Pherson Ferguson commissioned Nimrod and sailed her to the Leith station in August 1815. It had taken some nine months for Nimrod and the other vessels commissioned at Portsmouth for peace service to obtain full crews.[30]

Commander John Gedge replaced Ferguson when Ferguson received promotion to post captain on 1 January 1817. Commander John Dalling replaced Gedge on 7 January 1817. Lieutenant Charles Nelson received promotion to Commander and took command on 25 June 1819. Oh her he captured two smugglers off the coast of Holland.[31]

On 14 August 1820, Nimrod captured the smuggling lugger Mars, which resulted in substantial prize money.[Note 7] Then on 4 October 1821 Nimrod captured the American schooner Vulture.[Note 8] Nelson left Nimrod in June 1822.[31]

Commander William Rochfort assumed command on 4 July 1822 on the Leith station. In November he sailed to the Port of Tyne to support the civil authorities who faced a strike by the keelmen against their employers. He was briefly the sole naval officer present.[34] Then Captain John Toup Nicholas arrived in Egeria, and took command of a small squadron consisting of Egeria, Nimrod, and the cutter Swan. Nicholas subdued "a spirit of insubordination among the keelmen." He broke the strike by using the men of his squadron to man the keelboats and move out to the vessels that were waiting for it the coal that had piled up. Nicholas kept up the operation for six weeks. Eventually, Nicholas succeeded in talking with the strikers and agreed to take their complaints to the government himself if the grievances were justified. Shortly thereafter the strikers returned to work.[35] The government, the merchants, and the corporation of Newcastle all thanked him for this service.[36] Also, the local authorities at a public meeting voted a grant to Nimrod's crew a hundred guineas.[34]

Next, Rochfort assumed command of a squadron consisting of two naval and four Revenue vessels engaged in suppressing smuggling on the west coast of Scotland. Then in November 1823 he proceeded on a mission up the river Garonne as far as Pauillac, and "by his firmness and moderation overcame many obstacles thrown in his way by the French authorities."[34]

He subsequently cruised on the Cork station.[1] On 15 April 1825 one of Nimrod's boat upset in Belfast Lough, drowning Lieutenant James Everard and three men.[37]

Rochfort paid-off Nimrod on 13 October 1825. His crew took the opportunity to present him with a sword "as a testimony of their respect and esteem."[34][38] Nimrod then transferred to Cork.[1]

Commander Samuel Sparshot assumed command 13 September 1826.[39]

Loss and disposal[edit]

Nimrod sailed from Cork on 13 January 1827 for the Clyde. A gale developed during the night that damaged her and caused her to take on water. As she approached Anglesey Sparshott decided to take refuge at Holyhead. She was able to get into the harbour and anchor. The wind changed direction and she lost her anchor and the wind and sea drove her onto a ridge of rocks. By midnight of 14 January 1827 it became possible to get a line to shore and get the crew of 121 off her.[40][41][42] Over the next few days her stores were landed and on 12 February 1827 the steamer Harlequin was able to pull her off the rocks. The Royal Navy judged her not worth repairing.[43] She was sold to Rowland Robert & Co. on 22 February 1827 for £510.[1] The subsequent court martial acquitted Sparshott, his officers, and men of her loss.[44]

Merchantman[edit]

Nimrod first appears in LR for 1828 after having been lengthened and raised, and having undergone a large repair.[2] In 1841, under the command of Captain Manning, she transported assisted emigrants from Liverpool to Port Phillip (Melbourne), and Sydney. She left Liverpool on 13 October 1840 with 34 passengers in Intermediate, and 21 in Steerage. She was also carrying cargo. She arrived at Melbourne on 17 February. On 4 March she sailed for Sydney, where she arrived on 10 March. Nimrod was last listed in 1851 with Bowers, master, A. Taylor, owner, but at Liverpool and without a trade.[45]

Year Master Owner Home port Trade
1829[46] Hadgley
Atkins
Fain & Co. Liverpool-Charleston
1830[47] R. Atkins Fair & Co. Liverpool-Charleston
1831[48] Atkins Green & Co. Liverpool
1832[49] Atkins Green & Co. Liverpool
1833[50] R. Atkins Green & Co. Liverpool-New York
1834[51] R. Atkins Taylor & Co. Liverpool Liverpool-Charleston
1835[52] R. Atkins Taylor & Co. Liverpool Liverpool-Charleston
1839[53] Manning Taylor & Co. Liverpool Liverpool
1840[54] Manning Taylor & Co. Liverpool Liverpool-Sydney
1845[55] Atkins Taylor Liverpool Liverpool-Sydney
1846[56] Atkins Taylor & Co. Liverpool Liverpool-Sydney
London-Bombay
1847[57] Atkins Taylor & Co. Liverpool London-Bombay
1848[58] R. Atkins A. Taylor Liverpool Liverpool-Mediterranean
1850[59] R. Atkins A. Taylor Liverpool London-Bombay

Notes, citations, and references[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ Defiance, of 75 tons (bm), was armed with two guns and had a crew of 80 men under the command of Captain J.P. Chazel. She was registered out of New York and Charleston.[6] In the engagement Nimrod fired 30 broadsides before Defiance struck. Defiance had three men killed and 12 wounded, including Chazel, slightly. Chazel recuperated in Jamaica and then returned to Charleston where he took command of the privateer schooner Saucy Jack.[7]
  2. ^ A first-class share of the head money was worth £60 17s; a sixth-class share, that of an ordinary seaman, was worth 18s.[8]
  3. ^ Anna was carrying 870 bbls. flour, 40 half bbls. beef. 142 firkins lard, 76 firkins butter, 110 boxes soap, and 30 bbls. gin.[9]
  4. ^ A first-class share of the prize money was worth £129 6¼d; a sixth-class share was worth £1 7d.[14]
  5. ^ Records of the Falmouth packets show Manchester leaving Falmouth on 15 June, and being captured on 25 June. She was recaptured on 18 July, i.e., the day after the recapture of Yorktown, not 18 August, and arrived at Halifax on 19 July. She left there on 12 August, and arrived back at Falmouth on 4 September.[16]
  6. ^ American records give Chili a burthen of 293 tons. They also report 1240 barrels of whale oil.[19]
  7. ^ A first-class share was worth £1261 1s 9d; a sixth-class share was worth £20 15s 9d.[32]
  8. ^ A first-class share was worth £97 1s 10½d; a sixth-class share was worth £1 8s 8¼d.[33]

Citations

  1. ^ a b c d e Winfield (2008), pp. 302-3.
  2. ^ a b LR (1828), Supplement Seq. №6.
  3. ^ Lloyd's List (LL) №4744.
  4. ^ LL №4754, Ship arrivals and departures (SAD) data.
  5. ^ LL №4769. Accessed 15 December 2016.
  6. ^ Emmons (1853), p. 174.
  7. ^ Mouzon (2015).
  8. ^ "No. 16992". The London Gazette. 11 March 1815. p. 457.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Essex Institute (1911).
  10. ^ "No. 16787". The London Gazette. 12 October 1813. p. 2031.
  11. ^ LL 21 October 1814.
  12. ^ a b c "No. 16837". The London Gazette. 1 January 1814. pp. 20–21.
  13. ^ a b Lloyd's List №4803.
  14. ^ "No. 17274". The London Gazette. 5 August 1817. p. 1712.
  15. ^ Tregoning (1865), p. 65.
  16. ^ British Packet Sailings Falmouth <> North America: 1755–1840, and Mail Boats.
  17. ^ LL №4843.
  18. ^ LL №4846.
  19. ^ American Offshore Whaling: Voyages – Chili.
  20. ^ "Falmouth Stood Up to the British", Cape Cod Times, 26 January 2014
  21. ^ "No. 16929". The London Gazette. 27 August 1814. p. 1730.
  22. ^ United States Coastguard: War of 1812 Revenue Cutter and Naval Operations.
  23. ^ LL8 July 1814.
  24. ^ Roberts (1988), p. 407.
  25. ^ "No. 16929". The London Gazette. 27 August 1814. pp. 1729–1730.
  26. ^ "No. 16966". The London Gazette. 17 December 1814. p. 2467.
  27. ^ LL №4939.
  28. ^ Lloyd's List №4952. Accessed 15 December 2016.
  29. ^ LL №4955. Accessed 15 December 2016.
  30. ^ The Asiatic Journal and Monthly Register for British India and Its Dependencies. (1816), Vol. 1, p. 615.
  31. ^ a b O'Byrne (1849), p. 808.
  32. ^ "No. 17748". The London Gazette. 22 September 1821. pp. 1907–1908.
  33. ^ "No. 17891". The London Gazette. 28 January 1823. p. 157.
  34. ^ a b c d O'Byrne (1849), p. 997.
  35. ^ Marshall (1830), Supplement, Part 4, pp. 79–83.
  36. ^ The Gentleman's Magazine, Volume 189, p. 665.
  37. ^ Anon. (1829), p. 3.
  38. ^ Marshall (1831), Vol. 3, Part 1, p. 282.
  39. ^ O'Byrne (1849), pp. 11–12, Vol.3.
  40. ^ "NORTH AMERICAN COFFEE HOUSE". The Morning Chronicle (17891). 18 January 1827.
  41. ^ "(untitled)". The Times (13235). London. 24 March 1827. col C, p. 6.
  42. ^ "THE STORM". The Lancaster Gazette and General Advertiser, for Lancashire, Westmorland &c. (1336). 20 January 1827.
  43. ^ Hepper (1994), p. 159.
  44. ^ Naval and Military Magazine (1827), Vol. 1, p. 648.
  45. ^ LR (1851), Seq. №N158.
  46. ^ Lloyd's Register (1829), Seq. №N401
  47. ^ LR (1830), Seq. №N396
  48. ^ LR (1831), Seq. №N396.
  49. ^ LR (1832), Seq. №N422.
  50. ^ LR (1833), Seq. №N415.
  51. ^ LR (1834), Seq. №N281
  52. ^ LR (1835), Seq. №N298
  53. ^ LR (1839), Seq. №N202
  54. ^ LR (1840), Seq. №N224
  55. ^ LR (1845), Seq. №N190
  56. ^ LR (1846), Seq. №N187.
  57. ^ LR (1847), Seq. №N178.
  58. ^ LR (1848), Seq. №N166.
  59. ^ LR (1850), Seq. №N165.

References

  • Anon. (1829). The history and antiquities of the county of the town of Carrickfergus, etc.
  • Emmons, George Foster (1853). The navy of the United States, from the commencement, 1775 to 1853; with a brief history of each vessel’s service and fate ... Comp. by Lieut. George F. Emmons ... under the authority of the Navy Dept. To which is added a list of private armed vessels, fitted out under the American flag ... also a list of the revenue and coast survey vessels, and principal ocean steamers, belonging to citizens of the United States in 1850. Washington: Gideon & Co.
  • Essex Institute (1911) American vessels captured by the British during the Revolution and the War of 1812: Captures and Recaptures condemned during the War of 1812; The records of the Vice-Admiralty Court at Halifax, Nova Scotia. (Salem Massachusetts).
  • Hepper, David J. (1994). British Warship Losses in the Age of Sail, 1650-1859. Rotherfield: Jean Boudriot. ISBN 0-948864-30-3.
  • Marshall, John (1823–1835). Royal naval biography, or, Memoirs of the services of all the flag-officers, superannuated rear-admirals, retired-captains, post-captains, and commanders, whose names appeared on the Admiralty list of sea officers at the commencement of the present year 1823, or who have since been promoted ... London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme and Brown.
  • Mouzon, Harold (2015). Privateers of Charleston in the War of 1812. Pickle Partners Publishing. ISBN 9781786252586.
  • O'Byrne, William R. (1849). A naval biographical dictionary: comprising the life and services of every living officer in Her Majesty's navy, from the rank of admiral of the fleet to that of lieutenant, inclusive. 1. London: J. Murray.
  • Roberts, Robert B. (1988). Encyclopedia of Historic Forts: The Military, Pioneer, and Trading Posts of the United States. New York: Macmillan. ISBN 0-02-926880-X.
  • Tregoning, H. S. (1865). History of Falmouth and its vicinity, including a poem on Falmouth ... by Mr. Harris, the Cornish poet, etc.
  • Winfield, Rif (2008). British Warships in the Age of Sail 1793–1817: Design, Construction, Careers and Fates. Seaforth. ISBN 978-1-86176-246-7.