Habakkuk 2

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Habakkuk 2
Habakkuk Pesher.png
The beginning of Habakkuk Commentary, 1QpHab, among the Dead Sea Scrolls from the 1st century BC.
BookBook of Habakkuk
CategoryNevi'im
Christian Bible partOld Testament
Order in the Christian part35

Habakkuk 2 is the second chapter of the Book of Habakkuk in the Hebrew Bible or the Old Testament of the Christian Bible.[1][2] This book contains the prophecies attributed to the prophet Habakkuk, and is a part of the Book of the Twelve Minor Prophets.[3][4] This chapter and the previous one form a unit, which Marvin Sweeney sees as "a report of a dialogue between the prophet and YHWH" about the fate of Judah,[5] which biblical scholars, such as F. F. Bruce, label as "the oracle of Habakkuk".[6]

Text[edit]

The original text was written in Hebrew language. This chapter is divided into 20 verses.

Textual witnesses[edit]

Some early manuscripts containing the text of this chapter in Hebrew language are found among the Dead Sea Scrolls, i.e., 1QpHab, known as the "Habakkuk Commentary" (later half of the 1st century BC),[7] and of the Masoretic Text tradition, which includes Codex Cairensis (895 CE), the Petersburg Codex of the Prophets (916), Aleppo Codex (10th century), Codex Leningradensis (1008).[8] Fragments containing parts of this chapter in Hebrew were found among the Dead Sea Scrolls, including 4Q82 (4QXIIg; 25 BCE) with extant verses 4?;[9][10][11] and Wadi Murabba'at Minor Prophets (Mur88; MurXIIProph; 75-100 CE) with extant verses 2–3, 5–11, 18–20.[10][12]

There is also a translation into Koine Greek known as the Septuagint, made in the last few centuries BC. Extant ancient manuscripts of the Septuagint version include Codex Vaticanus (B; B; 4th century), Codex Sinaiticus (S; BHK: S; 4th century), Codex Alexandrinus (A; A; 5th century) and Codex Marchalianus (Q; Q; 6th century).[13] Fragments containing parts of this chapter in Greek were found among the Dead Sea Scrolls, that is, Naḥal Ḥever 8Ḥev1 (8ḤevXIIgr); late 1st century BCE) with extant verses 1–8, 13–20.[10][14]

Verse 3[edit]

For the vision is yet for an appointed time;
But at the end it will speak, and it will not lie.
Though it tarries, wait for it;
Because it will surely come,
It will not tarry.[15]

Cited in Hebrews 10:37.[16][17]

Verse 4[edit]

Behold, his soul which is lifted up is not upright in him:
but the just shall live by his faith.[18]
  • "But the just shall live by his faith" is translated from the Hebrew (consisting of three words in Masoretic Text) וצדיק באמונתו יחיה (Transliteration: we-tza-dik be-e-mo-na-to yeh-yeh).[19] This part is quoted in three verses of the New Testament: Romans 1:17, Galatians 3:11, and Hebrews 10:38.[20] In Romans and Galatians Paul extends Habakkuk's original concept of righteous living at the present time into a future life,[21] whereas in Epistle to the Hebrews Habakkuk's vision is tied to Christ and used to comfort the church during a period of persecution.[22] These three epistles are considered to be "the three great doctrinal books of the New Testament," and Habakkuk's statement concerning faith forms the backbone of each book.[23]

Verse 20[edit]

But the Lord is in his holy temple:
let all the earth keep silence before him.[24]

The Christian hymn "The Lord is in His Holy Temple", written by William J. Kirkpatrick in 1900, is based on this verse.[25]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Collins 2014, p. 350.
  2. ^ Hayes 2015, 18. Judean Prophets: Micah, Zephaniah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Jeremiah.
  3. ^ Metzger, Bruce M., et al. The Oxford Companion to the Bible. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.
  4. ^ Keck, Leander E. 1996. The New Interpreter's Bible: Volume: VII. Nashville: Abingdon.
  5. ^ Sweeney, Marvin A. The Twelve Prophets (Vol.2): Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi. Berit Olam – Studies in Hebrew Narrative & Poetry. David W. Cotter (ed.). Michael Glazier, 2000. p. 453-469. ISBN 978-0814650912
  6. ^ Bruce 2009, p. 831-840.
  7. ^ Bernstein, Moshe J. "Pesher Habakkuk." Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 2000, p.647
  8. ^ Würthwein 1995, pp. 35-37.
  9. ^ Ulrich 2010, p. 617.
  10. ^ a b c Dead sea scrolls - Habakkuk
  11. ^ Fitzmyer 2008, p. 39.
  12. ^ Fitzmyer 2008, pp. 140-141.
  13. ^ Würthwein 1995, pp. 73-74.
  14. ^ Fitzmyer 2008, p. 127.
  15. ^ Habakkuk 2:3 NKJV
  16. ^ Attridge, Harold W. (2007). "75. Hebrews". In Barton, John; Muddiman, John (eds.). The Oxford Bible Commentary (first (paperback) ed.). Oxford University Press. p. 1250. ISBN 978-0199277186. Retrieved February 6, 2019.
  17. ^ deSilva, David A. (2005). "Hebrews". In Evans, Craig A. (ed.). Bible Knowledge Background Commentary: John's Gospel, Hebrews-Revelation. The Bible Knowledge Series (illustrated ed.). Colorado Springs, Colo.: Victor. p. 238. ISBN 9780781442282.
  18. ^ Habakkuk 2:4 KJV
  19. ^ Barber (1985), p. 38.
  20. ^ The New Oxford Annotated Bible with the Apocrypha, Augmented Third Edition, New Revised Standard Version, Indexed. Michael D. Coogan, Marc Brettler, Carol A. Newsom, Editors. Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA; 2007. p. 1343 Hebrew Bible. ISBN 978-0195288810
  21. ^ Johnson (1969), p. 85.
  22. ^ Achtemeier (1993), p. 266.
  23. ^ McGee (1991), p. 64.
  24. ^ Habakkuk 2:20 KJV
  25. ^ Wiegand (1992), p. 685.

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]

Historic manuscripts
Jewish translations
Christian translations
Further information