Hankyu Kyoto Main Line
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|Hankyu Kyoto Main Line|
A 9300 series EMU on a limited express service
|Line length||45.3 km (28.1 mi)|
|Number of tracks||Double|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in)|
|Electrification||1,500 V DC, overhead line|
|Operating speed||115 km/h (70 mph)|
|Hankyu Kyoto Main Line|
The Hankyu Kyoto Main Line (阪急京都本線 Hankyū Kyōto Honsen) is a railway line in Japan operated by the private railway operator Hankyu Railway. It connects Umeda Station, Osaka and Kawaramachi Station, Kyoto.
The Kyoto Main Line is often called the Kyoto Line (京都線 Kyōto-sen) for short, and in a broader sense its two branch lines, the Senri Line and the Arashiyama Line, are included to the Kyoto Line by historical, geographical and structural reasons. The other two sections of Hankyu, the Kobe Line and the Takarazuka Line are called the Shinpōsen (神宝線) as a whole.
Officially, the Kyoto Main Line is from Jūsō to Kawaramachi, however, all trains run beyond Jūsō to Umeda terminal, using the eastern tracks of the section exclusively. Hankyu treats the Kyoto Main Line in the same way as the passengers do, i.e. as the line between Umeda and Kawaramachi (except for special circumstances such as governmental procedures).
The Umeda - Juso section was opened in 1910 as part of the Hankyu Takarazuka Line.
The Northern Osaka Electric Railway Co. opened the Juso - Awaji section as 1435mm gauge dual track electrified at 600 VDC in 1921, and the company merged with Hankyu in 1923.
The Awaji - Saiin section was opened in 1928, the year the voltage was increased to 1500 VDC.
The Saiin - Omiya section opened in 1931, and the line was extended to Kawaramachi in 1963.
Proposed connecting line
A loop line from Juso to Awaji via Shin-Osaka station, to provide a direct connection to the Shinkansen has been proposed, but is not currently scheduled for construction.
In the timetable revised on December 21, 2013, regular trains are classified as follows:
Local (普通 futsū)
- Through service: All-stations "Local" trains operate between Umeda and Kita-Senri (on the Senri Line, connected at Awaji) and between Takatsuki-shi and Tengachaya (on the Osaka Metro Sakaisuji Line, via the Senri Line).
Semi-Express (準急 junkyū)
Sakaisuji Semi-Express (堺筋準急 sakaisuji junkyū)
- Operated on weekday rush hours, Saturdays and holidays
- Through service: Sakaisuji Semi-Express trains operate between Kawaramachi or Takatsuki-shi and Tengachaya.
Rapid (快速 kaisoku)
- Rush hours only.
- Officially referred to as Rapid Service in English.
Rapid Express (快速急行 kaisoku kyūkō)
- Rush hours only.
Limited Express (特急 tokkyū)
- Operated on off-peak hours.
Commuter Limited Express (通勤特急 tsūkin tokkyū)
- Weekdays rush hours only.
Rapid Limited Express (快速特急 kaisoku tokkyū) & Rapid Limited Express A (快速特急A kaisoku tokkyū A)
- Weekends only, collectively known as the Kyotrain (京とれいん Kyōtorein)
- Rapid Limited Express (快速特急 kaisoku tokkyū)
- Umeda - Arashiyama: "Sagano (さがの, named after the district in Ukyo-ku, Kyoto)"
- Kawaramachi - Arashiyama: "Ogura (おぐら, named after Mount Ogura)"
- Direct Limited Express (直通特急 chokutsū tokkyū) - Through services to Arashiyama Line, Osaka Metro Sakaisuji Line, Takarazuka Main Line and the Kobe Main Line.
- On the Kyoto Main Line, these extra limited express stop at the same stations as the regular Rapid Limited Express.
- ● : Trains stop.
- | : Trains pass.
Local trains stop at all stations.
No trains stop at Nakatsu which is served by Local trains on the Kobe Main Line and the Takarazuka Main Line, because of the absence of any platforms on this line. Thus, in operation, Nakatsu Station is not listed on the Kyoto Line.
The starting point of the distances (km) shown is Jūsō Station, which is officially the starting point of the Kyoto Main Line.
|Line name||No.||Station||Distance (km)||Semi-Express||Sakaisuji Semi-Exp.||Rapid||Rapid Exp.||Commuter Ltd. Exp.||Ltd. Exp.||Rapid Ltd. Exp.||Rapid Ltd. Exp. A||Transfers||Location|
|Through services:||From Awaji:|
|Takarazuka Main Line||HK-01||Umeda||梅田||(2.4)||●||●||●||●||●||●||●|| Hanshin Electric Railway Main Line (HS 01)
||Kita-ku, Osaka||Osaka Prefecture|
|HK-03||Jūsō||十三||0.0||●||●||●||●||●||●|||||Hankyu Kobe Main Line||Yodogawa-ku, Osaka|
|Kyoto Main Line|
|HK-61||Minamikata||南方||1.9||●||●|||||||||||||||||Osaka Metro Midosuji Line (M14: Nishinakajima-Minamigata Station)|
|HK-63||Awaji||淡路||4.2||●||●||●||●|||||●||●||●||Hankyū Senri Line (through service, see above)|
|HK-68||Minami-Ibaraki||南茨木||12.9||●||●||●|||||||||||||||||■ Osaka Monorail Main Line (19)||Ibaraki|
|HK-81||Katsura||桂||38.0||●||●||●||●||●||●||●||●||Hankyu Arashiyama Line|
|HK-83||Saiin||西院||41.9||●||●||●||●||●|||||||||||Keifuku Electric Railroad Arashiyama Main Line (A02)|
|HK-84||Ōmiya||大宮||43.3||●||●||●||●||●|||||||||||Keifuku Electric Railroad Arashiyama Main Line (A01: Shijō-Ōmiya Station)||Nakagyō-ku, Kyoto|
|HK-85||Karasuma||烏丸||44.4||●||●||●||●||●||●||●||●||Kyoto Municipal Subway Karasuma Line (K09: Shijō Station)||Shimogyō-ku, Kyoto|
|HK-86||Kawaramachi||河原町||45.3||●||●||●||●||●||●||●||●||Keihan Main Line (KH39: Gion-Shijō Station)|
- 1300 series EMU (from 30 March 2014)
- 3300 series EMU
- 5300 series EMU
- 6300 series EMU (Kyō-Train)
- 7000 series EMU (Kyō-Train Garaku)
- 7300 series EMU
- 8300 series EMU
- 9300 series EMU
- Osaka Municipal Subway 66 series EMU (Awaji - Takatsuki-shi)
- 1300 series EMU (1957)
- 2000 series EMU (Temporary)
- 2300 series EMU
- 2800 series EMU
- 5100 series EMU (Temporary)
- Osaka Municipal Subway 60 series EMU (Awaji - Takatsuki-shi)
The Kyoto Main Line was constructed in the following phases:
- April 1, 1921: Jūsō – Awaji (by Kita-Osaka Electric Railway)
- January 16, 1928: Awaji – Takatsuki-shi (by Shin-Keihan Railway)
- November 1, 1928: Takatsuki-shi – Saiin (by Shin-Keihan Railway)
- March 31, 1931: Saiin – Ōmiya (by Keihan Electric Railway)
- February 18, 1959: The additional double tracks of the Takarazuka Main Line between Umeda and Jūso now used exclusively by the Kyoto Main Line
- June 17, 1963: Ōmiya – Kawaramachi
Prior to the merger of Hankyu Railway (then Hanshin Kyūkō Railway) and Keihan Electric Railway in 1943, the line and its branches were owned by the latter and called the Shin-Keihan (New Keihan) Line. In the breakup of the merger in 1949, the line was not ceded to Keihan and became a competitor of the Keihan Main Line.
This article incorporates material from the corresponding article in the Japanese Wikipedia