Hankyu Kyoto Main Line

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Hankyu Kyoto Main Line
Number prefix Hankyu Kyoto line.png
HK-9300series-9300F.jpg
A 9300 series EMU on a limited express service
Overview
Native name阪急京都本線
LocaleKansai
TerminiJūsō
Kawaramachi
Stations26
Operation
Operator(s)Hankyu Railway
Depot(s)Shōjaku
Katsura
Technical
Line length45.3 km (28.1 mi)
Number of tracksDouble
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Electrification1,500 V DC, overhead line
Operating speed115 km/h (70 mph)
Route map
Hankyu map.svg

The Hankyu Kyoto Main Line (阪急京都本線, Hankyū Kyōto Honsen) is a railway line in Japan operated by the private railway operator Hankyu Railway. It connects Umeda Station, Osaka and Kawaramachi Station, Kyoto.

Definition[edit]

The Kyoto Main Line is often called the Kyoto Line (京都線, Kyōto-sen) for short, and in a broader sense its two branch lines, the Senri Line and the Arashiyama Line, are included to the Kyoto Line by historical, geographical and structural reasons. The other two sections of Hankyu, the Kobe Line and the Takarazuka Line are called the Shinpōsen (神宝線) as a whole.

Officially, the Kyoto Main Line is from Jūsō to Kawaramachi, however, all trains run beyond Jūsō to Umeda terminal, using the eastern tracks of the section exclusively. Hankyu treats the Kyoto Main Line in the same way as the passengers do, i.e. as the line between Umeda and Kawaramachi (except for special circumstances such as governmental procedures).

History[edit]

The Umeda - Juso section was opened in 1910 as part of the Hankyu Takarazuka Line.

The Northern Osaka Electric Railway Co. opened the Juso - Awaji section as 1435mm gauge dual track electrified at 600 VDC in 1921, and the company merged with Hankyu in 1923.

The Awaji - Saiin section was opened in 1928, the year the voltage was increased to 1500 VDC.

The Saiin - Omiya section opened in 1931, and the line was extended to Kawaramachi in 1963.

Proposed connecting line[edit]

A loop line from Juso to Awaji via Shin-Osaka station, to provide a direct connection to the Shinkansen has been proposed, but is not currently scheduled for construction.

Service types[edit]

Regular operations[edit]

In the timetable revised on December 21, 2013,[1] regular trains are classified as follows:

Local (普通, futsū)

Semi-Express (準急, junkyū)

Sakaisuji Semi-Express (堺筋準急, sakaisuji junkyū)

  • Operated on weekday rush hours, Saturdays and holidays
  • Through service: Sakaisuji Semi-Express trains operate between Kawaramachi or Takatsuki-shi and Tengachaya.

Rapid (快速, kaisoku)

  • Rush hours only.
  • Officially referred to as Rapid Service in English.

Rapid Express (快速急行, kaisoku kyūkō)

  • Rush hours only.

Limited Express (特急, tokkyū)

  • Operated on off-peak hours.

Commuter Limited Express (通勤特急, tsūkin tokkyū)

  • Weekdays rush hours only.

Rapid Limited Express (快速特急, kaisoku tokkyū) & Rapid Limited Express A (快速特急A, kaisoku tokkyū A)

  • Weekends only, collectively known as the Kyotrain (京とれいん, Kyōtorein)

Extra services[edit]

  • Rapid Limited Express (快速特急, kaisoku tokkyū)
    • Umeda - Arashiyama: "Sagano (さがの, named after the district in Ukyo-ku, Kyoto)"
    • Kawaramachi - Arashiyama: "Ogura (おぐら, named after Mount Ogura)"
  • Direct Limited Express (直通特急, chokutsū tokkyū) - Through services to Arashiyama Line, Osaka Metro Sakaisuji Line, Takarazuka Main Line and the Kobe Main Line.
    • Kosoku Kobe - Arashiyama: "Atago (あたご, named after Mount Atago)"
    • Takarazuka - Arashiyama (via the Imazu Line): "Togetsu (とげつ, named after Togetsukyo Bridge)"
    • Tengachaya - Arashiyama: "Hozu (ほづ, named after the Hozu River)" (seasonal service)
  • On the Kyoto Main Line, these extra limited express stop at the same stations as the regular Rapid Limited Express.

Stations[edit]

Legends:

  • ● : Trains stop.
  • | : Trains pass.

Local trains stop at all stations.

No trains stop at Nakatsu which is served by Local trains on the Kobe Main Line and the Takarazuka Main Line, because of the absence of any platforms on this line. Thus, in operation, Nakatsu Station is not listed on the Kyoto Line.

The starting point of the distances (km) shown is Jūsō Station, which is officially the starting point of the Kyoto Main Line.

Line name No. Station Distance (km) Semi-Express Sakaisuji Semi-Exp. Rapid Rapid Exp. Commuter Ltd. Exp. Ltd. Exp. Rapid Ltd. Exp. Rapid Ltd. Exp. A Transfers Location
Through services: From Awaji:

Local / Sakaisuji Semi-Express ー From Kawaramachi to Tengachaya via the Number prefix Hankyu Kyoto line.png Senri Line and Osaka Metro Sakaisuji line symbol.svg Osaka Metro Sakaisuji Line

Local ー From Umeda to Kita-Senri via the Number prefix Hankyu Kyoto line.png Senri Line

Takarazuka Main Line HK-01 Umeda 梅田 (2.4) Number prefix Hanshin Railway.png Hanshin Electric Railway Main Line (HS 01)

Osaka Metro logo 2.svg Osaka Metro

JR West (Ōsaka Station)

Kita-ku, Osaka Osaka Prefecture
HK-03 Jūsō 十三 0.0 | Number prefix Hankyu Kobe line.png Hankyu Kobe Main Line

Number prefix Hankyu Takarazuka line.png Hankyu Takarazuka Main Line

Yodogawa-ku, Osaka
Kyoto Main Line
HK-61 Minamikata 南方 1.9 | | | | | Osaka Metro logo 2.svg Osaka Metro Midosuji line symbol.svg Osaka Metro Midosuji Line (M14: Nishinakajima-Minamigata Station)
HK-62 Sōzenji 崇禅寺 3.2 | | | | | | | Higashiyodogawa-ku, Osaka
HK-63 Awaji 淡路 4.2 | Number prefix Hankyu Kyoto line.png Hankyū Senri Line (through service, see above)

 F  JR West Osaka Higashi Line (JR-F04:JR-Awaji Station)

HK-64 Kami-Shinjō 上新庄 6.3 | | | | |
HK-65 Aikawa 相川 7.2 | | | | | | | |
HK-66 Shōjaku 正雀 9.4 | | | | | | | | Settsu
HK-67 Settsu-shi 摂津市 10.9 | | | | | | | |
HK-68 Minami-Ibaraki 南茨木 12.9 | | | | | Osaka Monorail Main Line (19) Ibaraki
HK-69 Ibaraki-shi 茨木市 14.8 | |
HK-70 Sōjiji 総持寺 16.8 | | | | | | | |
HK-71 Tonda 富田 17.3 | | | | | | | | Takatsuki
HK-72 Takatsuki-shi 高槻市 20.6 | |
HK-73 Kammaki 上牧 24.9 | | | | | |
HK-74 Minase 水無瀬 25.7 | | | | | | Shimamoto
HK-75 Ōyamazaki 大山崎 27.7 | | | | | | Ōyamazaki Kyoto Prefecture
HK-76 Nishiyama Tennozan[1][2] 西山天王山 30.2 | | | | | | Nagaokakyō
HK-77 Nagaoka-Tenjin 長岡天神 31.7 | |
HK-78 Nishi-Mukō 西向日 33.6 | | | | | | Mukō
HK-79 Higashi-Mukō 東向日 35.0 | | | | | |
HK-80 Rakusaiguchi 洛西口 36.3 | | | | | | Nishikyō-ku, Kyoto
HK-81 Katsura 38.0 Number prefix Hankyu Kyoto line.png Hankyu Arashiyama Line
HK-82 Nishi-Kyōgoku 西京極
(西京極総合運動公園前)
40.1 | | | | | | Ukyō-ku, Kyoto
HK-83 Saiin 西院 41.9 | | | A Keifuku Electric Railroad Arashiyama Main Line (A02)
HK-84 Ōmiya 大宮 43.3 | | | A Keifuku Electric Railroad Arashiyama Main Line (A01: Shijō-Ōmiya Station) Nakagyō-ku, Kyoto
HK-85 Karasuma 烏丸 44.4 K Kyoto Municipal Subway Karasuma Line (K09: Shijō Station) Shimogyō-ku, Kyoto
HK-86 Kawaramachi 河原町 45.3 KH Keihan Main Line (KH39: Gion-Shijō Station)

Rolling stock[edit]

Hankyu 6300 series EMU on a limited express service

Former[edit]

History[edit]

The Kyoto Main Line was constructed in the following phases:[3]

  • April 1, 1921: Jūsō – Awaji (by Kita-Osaka Electric Railway)
  • January 16, 1928: Awaji – Takatsuki-shi (by Shin-Keihan Railway)
  • November 1, 1928: Takatsuki-shi – Saiin (by Shin-Keihan Railway)
  • March 31, 1931: Saiin – Ōmiya (by Keihan Electric Railway)
  • February 18, 1959: The additional double tracks of the Takarazuka Main Line between Umeda and Jūso now used exclusively by the Kyoto Main Line
  • June 17, 1963: Ōmiya – Kawaramachi

Prior to the merger of Hankyu Railway (then Hanshin Kyūkō Railway) and Keihan Electric Railway in 1943, the line and its branches were owned by the latter and called the Shin-Keihan (New Keihan) Line. In the breakup of the merger in 1949, the line was not ceded to Keihan and became a competitor of the Keihan Main Line.[3]

References[edit]

This article incorporates material from the corresponding article in the Japanese Wikipedia

  1. ^ a b News release on September 20, 2013 - Hankyu Corporation
  2. ^ News release on March 30, 2012 - City of Nagaokakyō and Hankyu Corporation
  3. ^ a b Hankyu Corporation & Morokawa, Hisashi (1990). 日本の私鉄7 阪急 (in Japanese). Hoikusha. p. 147. ISBN 4-586-50796-9.