Hassan Hakmoun

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Hassan Hakmoun
حسن حكمون
Hassan Hakmoun during Jam Night at the Ottawa Jazz Festival 2003.
Hassan Hakmoun during Jam Night at the Ottawa Jazz Festival 2003.
Background information
Born (1963-09-16) September 16, 1963 (age 57)
OriginMarrakech, Morocco
GenresWorld fusion
Gnawa music
Occupation(s)musician, actor, record producer
Years active1970s - present
LabelsHealing Records

Hassan Hakmoun (Arabic: حسن حكمون‎) (born September 16, 1963) is a New York City-based Moroccan musician. He specializes in the Gnawa style. He is currently married to Chikako Iwahori.[1]

Early life[edit]

Hakmoun was born to a family of musicians[2] who introduced him to the musical world of the Gnawa. By age four, he performed alongside great masters of the Gnawa all over Morocco (including king of the Gnawa genre, master Sam) and in Casablanca for Lila. His mother is known throughout the city as a mystic healer. At the age of fourteen he became Master of Gnawa music.[3]

Personal life[edit]

In June 2002, Hakmoun married fellow musician Paula Cole, whom he had met on the Peter Gabriel “Secret World Live” tour in 1994.[4] The couple divorced in 2007. They have one daughter, Sky, who was born in 2002.[5]


His mother is a mystic healer known in Marrakesh for her derdeba trance ceremonies, often all-night affairs involving hypnotic playing and chanting to exorcise spirits. Hakmoun began learning Gnawa music after witnessing his first trance ceremony at the young age of four. Hakmoun proceeded to study Gnawa music after a musical ceremony that healed his sister Mina Hakmoun.

He eventually chose the sintir as his main instrument, a three-stringed lute with a body made of camel skin stretched over nutwood. The strings of the sintir are pitched low, enabling the instrument to serve as the bass foundation much like the Western string bass, while its tone is sweet, making it well-suited to carry the melodic line of a composition. By drumming on the body of the instrument, Hakmoun added his own percussion while contributing vocals, thereby creating a unique foundation for his musical explorations and growth. By the age of fourteen, he was an established musician performing at Gnawa lila ceremonies with his own ensemble. Today, Hakmoun is known as the godfather of Gnawa music.

Later career[edit]

Hakmoun made his U.S. debut in 1987 at Lincoln Center in New York City with Etian and Blanca Lee'’s Trio Gna & Nomadas dance group. He subsequently relocated to New York where he was received by artists such as composer and producer Richard Horowitz. and Peter Gabriel. He became a fixture in New York’s rock, jazz and fusion scenes, spanning multiple genres.

In 1989 Hakmoun became part of the group Magmouat Hakmoun with his brother Said and relatives Mohammed Bechar and Abdel Hok Dahmad. Later that year, with help from Robert Browning and the World Music Institute, Hakmoun produced and released his debut album Fire Within, with Adam Rudolph and jazz trumpeter Don Cherry. Together they made a Gnawa jazz fusion recording, Gift of the Gnawa.

Hakmoun began to expand his musical range, adding American sounds to the Moroccan form. This led him to form the group Zahar, meaning ‘luck’, whose music fused elements of rock and jazz with African styles. With the ensemble, Hakmoun recorded his first album featuring electric instruments and continued to perform around New York City. One such instance occurred during a performance at the Knitting Factory, whose audience members included Miles Davis, and Daniel Lanois, who proceeded to introduce Hakmoun to an important future collaborator, pop musician Peter Gabriel.

In 1992 Hakmoun joined Gabriel’s WOMAD, founded in 1980. Hakmoun released another album, Trance, at Gabriel's Real World Studios in Bath, England. From Bath, Hakmoun toured Europe, the Middle East and the U.S. along with other WOMAD artists, including performing under the group's auspices at the Woodstock 94 festival in 1994.

His albums Fire Within, Gift of the Gnawa and Trance topped the charts for World Music Albums, World Music Charts Europe, New World and CMJ’s Radio Top 150 and were selected by Rolling Stone as one of the "Hot Picks of ’94. His powerful performances and sounds also resulted in letters of admiration from former New York City Mayor David Dinkins, television host Jay Leno and saxophonist David Sanborn, as well as from executives at the New York Times and the British Broadcasting Corporation.

Later years (2002 present)[edit]

In 2002 Hakmoun teamed up with American-born producer Fabian Alsultany to record a new album, The Gift. The album included the release of the single, "This Gift," a duet with Grammy-winning singer-songwriter Paula Cole. In 2003 The Gift received an INDIE award for "Best Contemporary World Music Recording" from the Association for Independent Music (AFIM).

In addition to producing his own albums, Hakmoun has contributed to other artist’s recordings, adding to such projects as "Caravan" for Dee Dee Bridgewater’s album Prelude To A Kiss, Ozomatli’s Street Sings, which won the award for "Best Alternative Music Album" at the Latin Grammy Awards in 2005 and "Lovelight" for Paula Cole’s Courage in 2007.

Hakmoun has also composed and recorded for several films such as Rendezvous in Samarkand directed by Tim Bridwell, The Past and the Present of Djemma El Fna by Steve Montgomery and the documentary Footsteps in Africa. Hakmoun appeared in several movies as an actor, dancer and musician, including Disney’s Jungle 2 Jungle in 1997 and Rollerball by John McTiernan in 2002.

Today Hakmoun continues to record and perform in major festivals and venues around the globe, as well as give master workshops in universities. Most recently, Hakmoun started a project collaborating with other percussive dancers to create a new style of Gnawa dance.



  1. ^ "Hassan Hakmoun & Chikako Iwahori Wedding After Party".
  2. ^ The gnawa-globetrotter - culturebase.net
  3. ^ Biography of Hassan Hakmoun, www.hassanhakmoun.com
  4. ^ "Marrying a Moroccan sound to the worlds music". NY Times. NY Times. August 11, 2002. Retrieved January 27, 2020.
  5. ^ "Paula Cole Looks Back". Billboard. Billboard. January 19, 2018. Retrieved January 27, 2020.

External links[edit]