Hastings, Minnesota

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Hastings
City Hall, originally the Dakota County Courthouse
City Hall, originally the Dakota County Courthouse
Location of the city of Hastings within Dakota County in the state of Minnesota
Location of the city of Hastings
within Dakota County in the state of Minnesota
Coordinates: 44°44′N 92°51′W / 44.733°N 92.850°W / 44.733; -92.850Coordinates: 44°44′N 92°51′W / 44.733°N 92.850°W / 44.733; -92.850
CountryUnited States
StateMinnesota
CountiesDakota, Washington
Government
 • MayorMary Fasbender
Area
 • City11.13 sq mi (28.84 km2)
 • Land10.29 sq mi (26.64 km2)
 • Water0.85 sq mi (2.19 km2)
Elevation
725 ft (222 m)
Population
 • City22,172
 • Estimate 
(2019)[3]
22,886
 • Density2,224.53/sq mi (858.93/km2)
 • Metro
3,524,583
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
55033
Area code(s)651
FIPS code27-27530[4]
GNIS feature ID0644715[5]
WebsiteCity of Hastings

Hastings is a city in Dakota and Washington counties, in the U.S. state of Minnesota, near the confluence of the Mississippi, Vermillion, and St. Croix Rivers. Its population was 22,172 at the 2010 census.[6] It is the county seat of Dakota County,[7] which contains most of it; a small part extends into Washington County along the Mississippi River's north bank. It is named for the first elected governor of Minnesota, Henry Hastings Sibley.[8]

The advantages of Hastings's location that led to its original growth are that it is well-drained, provides a good riverboat port, and is close to a hydropower resource at the falls of the Vermillion River. Other sites closer to the river confluence are either too swampy (Dakota County) or too hilly (Washington County and Pierce County, Wisconsin).

U.S. Highway 61 and Minnesota State Highways 55 and 316 are three of Hastings's main routes.

History[edit]

The area around Hastings was first settled by a military detachment sent from Fort Snelling to guard a blocked shipment of supplies in the winter of 1820. Lieutenant William G. Oliver camped in an area that came to be known as Oliver's Grove, and in 1833 a trading post was opened there.[9] After the Treaty of Mendota of 1851 opened the area for white settlement, Oliver's Grove was surveyed and incorporated as a city in 1857, a year before Minnesota's admission to the union. The same year, Hastings was named the county seat of Dakota County. The name "Hastings" was drawn out of a hat from suggestions placed in it by several of the original founders.[10]

In the mid-19th century Hastings, Prescott, Wisconsin, and the adjacent township of Nininger were areas of tremendous land speculation, billed by Ignatius L. Donnelly as a potential "New Chicago". The Panic of 1857 put an end to this dream. The speculation and panic caused the cities' growth to be less than expected given their location at the confluence of two significant rivers; today, their combined population is approximately 25,000, and all that remains of Nininger is a few buildings.

Hastings has Minnesota's second-oldest surviving county courthouse (after Washington County Courthouse, Stillwater), finished in 1871 at a cost of $63,000. The county administration began moving to a new facility in 1974, and in 1989 the City of Hastings purchased the old building. It was rededicated in 1993 as City Hall.

Downtown Hastings

In 1895 a spiral bridge was built over the Mississippi River, designed to slow down horse-drawn traffic as it entered downtown. The novel design became a tourist attraction, but the bridge was demolished in 1951 because it could not handle modern vehicles. The 1951 bridge was itself demolished and its replacement opened in 2013.

In 1930, the Army Corps of Engineers completed Lock and Dam No. 2 at Hastings, part of the canal lock systems on the Mississippi that stretch from Minneapolis to St. Louis. Lock and Dam No. 2 is the site of the nation's first commercial, federally licensed hydrokinetic power facility, a partnership between the City of Hastings and Hydro Green Energy, LLC of Westmont, Illinois.

Fasbender Clinic, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright, is a city landmark.

Railroads[edit]

Hastings had its name affixed to two major Minnesota railroads, the Hastings & Dakota Railway and the Stillwater & Hastings Railway.

In 1867 civic leaders William LeDuc, John Meloy, Stephen Gardner, E. D. Allen, and P. Van Auken—with financial backing from investors John B Alley, Oliver Ames, William Ames and Peter Butler—incorporated the Hastings & Dakota Railway with the goal to "cross the Rocky Mountains and meet the Pacific Ocean". In the 1870s the H&D was completed from Hastings to the South Dakota border at Ortonville. During this time, the H&D became part of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railroad (Milwaukee Road) and became known as the H&D Division of the Milwaukee Road. The H&D also built the famous "Lake Street Depression" in Minneapolis, which gave the H&D two districts around Minneapolis and St. Paul: the south district from Hastings to Cologne via Chaska, and the north district from Hastings to Cologne via St. Paul/Minneapolis. The H&D never made it to the Pacific on its own, but the H&D Division became the mainline of the Milwaukee's Coast Extension to Seattle, which the Milwaukee completed in 1909.

In 1880 a new branch line, the Stillwater & Hastings, was built between the two cities. It funneled logging and agriculture products from Stillwater to Hastings, allowing Hastings to become an important railroad switching hub. In 1882 the Milwaukee Road gained control of the S&H and operated it as a profitable branch line. The Milwaukee abandoned the S&H line in 1979, after 99 years of service.

The falls of the Vermillion River

The north H&D district remains intact from Minneapolis to Ortonville—except for the Lake Street Depression—and is operated by the Twin Cities & Western Railroad from Minneapolis to Hanley Falls and by BNSF Railway between Hanley Falls and Ortonville. Nearly all of the south H&D district was abandoned over time, with the last section between Shakopee and Cologne abandoned in the early 1970s. The Canadian Pacific Railway spur from downtown Hastings to the Ardent Mills mill atop Vermillion Falls is all that remains of the south H&D district. The old H&D trestle over the Vermillion River at Hastings—which was replaced four different times—is now part of a bicycle path. The H&D bridge over the Minnesota River at Chaska remained until 1995, when the Army Corps of Engineers removed it as the Chaska levees were rebuilt.

Canadian Pacific Railway now operates the former Milwaukee mainline through town as well as the Ardent Mills spur.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 11.18 square miles (28.96 km2); 10.24 square miles (26.52 km2) is land and 0.94 square miles (2.43 km2) is water.[11] The Mississippi River forms most of Hastings's northern border, while the Vermillion River flows through the southern part of town, over a falls adjacent to a ConAgra grain elevator. Bluffs lie along the northern shore of the Mississippi and there is a gorge surrounding the Vermillion below the falls. Hastings is home to two small lakes, Lake Rebecca and Lake Isabel. Both drain into the Mississippi River. The northeast corner of town is known as "The Bottoms"; an area of soggy marshland and flood plain for the Mississippi and Vermillion Rivers.

Hastings is on the Mississippi side of the confluence with the St. Croix River, so that the St. Croix is "across" the Mississippi River. Prescott, Wisconsin is on the Wisconsin side of the confluence.

Climate data for Hastings, Minnesota
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F 21 28 39 55 69 78 82 80 71 58 40 26 54
Average low °F 2 9 22 36 48 57 62 60 51 39 24 10 35
Average precipitation inches 0.9 0.6 1.7 2.8 3.4 4.1 4.4 4.0 3.1 2.2 2.0 0.8 30.1
Average high °C −6 −2 4 13 21 26 28 27 22 14 4 −3 12
Average low °C −17 −13 −6 2 9 14 17 16 11 4 −4 −12 2
Average precipitation mm 23 15 43 71 86 100 110 100 79 56 51 20 760
Source: [12]

Demographics[edit]

Mississippi River in Hastings
Historical population
Census Pop.
18601,653
18703,458109.2%
18803,80910.2%
18903,705−2.7%
19003,8112.9%
19103,9834.5%
19204,57114.8%
19305,08611.3%
19405,66211.3%
19506,56015.9%
19608,96536.7%
197012,19536.0%
198012,8275.2%
199015,44520.4%
200018,20417.9%
201022,17221.8%
Est. 201922,886[3]3.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[13]
2018 Estimate[14]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 22,172 people, 8,735 households, and 5,802 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,165.2 inhabitants per square mile (836.0/km2). There were 9,222 housing units at an average density of 900.6 per square mile (347.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.1% White, 1.6% African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.8% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.6% of the population.

There were 8,735 households, of which 34.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.0% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 33.6% were non-families. 27.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.98.

The median age in the city was 37.5 years. 24.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.4% were from 25 to 44; 26.3% were from 45 to 64; and 13.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.2% male and 50.8% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 18,204 people, 6,642 households, and 4,722 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,798.2 people per square mile (694.5/km2 ). There were 6,758 housing units at an average density of 667.6 per square mile (257.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.16% White, 0.43% African American, 0.38% Native American, 0.64% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.36% from other races, and 0.99% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.14% of the population.

There were 6,642 households, out of which 37.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.8% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.9% were non-families. 22.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 27.3% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 30.6% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 11.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $53,145, and the median income for a family was $61,093. Males had a median income of $41,267 versus $27,973 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,075. About 2.1% of families and 4.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.4% of those under age 18 and 9.8% of those age 65 or over

Transportation[edit]

Boats lined up at Lock and Dam No. 2, Hastings, Minnesota

US 61.svg Hastings's busiest route is U.S. Highway 61, which in Hastings is also known as Vermillion Street. 61 is a four-lane thoroughfare that cuts north-south through eastern Hastings; it continues north out of Hastings over the Mississippi via the Hastings High Bridge to Cottage Grove and Saint Paul, and south to Red Wing. The bridge carries 32,000 vehicles per day and is Minnesota's busiest two-lane bridge. Construction started on a four-lane bridge in late 2010 and was completed in 2013.[15][16]

MN-55.svg Hastings's other major route is Minnesota State Highway 55, the main east–west roadway. It is also a four-lane highway that enters the city from the west and cuts through the middle of town where it eventually comes to an end at Highway 61. 55 is a major commuter route for residents of Hastings, taking them northwest to Eagan and Minneapolis.

MN-316.svg Highway 316 is a 10-mile highway that starts at Highway 61 in southern Hastings and heads southeast to Welch Township. It acts as a more direct shortcut between two points of Highway 61. 316 is just west of the Mississippi. Highways 316 and 61 are both part of the Great River Road. 316 is also known as Red Wing Boulevard and Polk Avenue at various points on its route.

MN-291.svg Highway 291 (Minnesota Veterans Home Highway) is a one-mile roadway in eastern Hastings. It is also known as East 18th Street and Le Duc Drive, and crosses the Vermillion River.

Other routes that lead into Hastings are Dakota County Roads 42 (northwest side of town), 46 (southwest), 47 (southwest) and 54 (east).

Hastings is not served by the Metro Transit public transportation bus routes, but preliminary studies are underway to bring commuter rail to Hastings via the Red Rock Corridor. Amtrak trains pass through, but do not stop in, Hastings (passengers must go to St. Paul or Red Wing to board).

The Mississippi is a major thoroughfare for barges, which are helped upstream by Lock and Dam No. 2 in northwest Hastings. There are several access points to the Mississippi for private watercraft.

Education[edit]

Hastings Public Schools operates public schools.

Hastings, Minnesota Schools
School Name Grades Served Location Date Established Picture Mascot
Minnesota Central University Post Secondary 8th & Sibley Street 1857-1867 (purchased for the Hastings Public School in 1867 and torn down in 1899)
Everett School Primary and Intermediate 2nd & Franklin Street 1866-1927 Puppy Dogs
Irving School High School 8th & Sibley Street 1867-1899 (Formerly Minnesota Central University, fire destroyed the building around 1899)
Hastings Central School High School 8th & Sibley Street 1899-1961
Hastings Junior-Senior High School High School 10th & Vermillion Street 1961-1999 (Several additions were made and later became Hastings Middle School) Raiders (18th Century Knight on a Horse)
Tilden Elementary School Elementary School 3rd & River Street ?-closed in 2009 (Building currently used as a community center) Tigers
Cooper Elementary School Elementary School 17th & Vermillion Street 1959-closed in 2009 (Building currently used as a community preschool) Rockets
Hiawatha Elementary School Elementary School 10th & Vermillion, then moved to 10th & Tyler ?-1961
John F. Kennedy Elementary School Elementary School 10th & Tyler Street 1962-current Cougars
Pinecrest Elementary School Elementary School 13th & Pine Street ?-current Panthers
Hastings Senior High School, new High School 11th & Pine Street 1972-current (currently used as Hastings Middle School) Raiders (raccoon)
Christa McAulliffe Elementary School Elementary School 12th & Pleasant Street 1988-current Eagles (Challengers)
Hastings Senior High School, new High School General Sieben Drive and Featherstone Road 2000-current Raiders (pirate)

Notable people[edit]

Sites of interest[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 26, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 13, 2012.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  4. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  6. ^ "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 Census. Retrieved April 23, 2011.[dead link]
  7. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  8. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 152.
  9. ^ Minnesota; a state guide. New York: Viking Press. 1938. p. 298. Retrieved July 13, 2010.
  10. ^ Upham, Warren (1920). Minnesota Geographic Names: Their Origin and Historic Significance. Minnesota Historical Society. p. 165.
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 20, 2011. Retrieved November 13, 2012.
  12. ^ "Daily Normals of Hastings, Minnesota". National Climatic Data Center. Retrieved April 12, 2006.
  13. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved November 2, 2014.
  14. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 8, 2018.
  15. ^ MPR: Hastings bridge downgraded
  16. ^ Hastings Bridge Project Home Archived October 15, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
  17. ^ Hastings High School graduate writes first novel
  18. ^ 1973 NHL Amateur Draft - Dean Talafous

18. Cochran Recovery Services Faces an Uncertain Future in Hastings. https://www.hastingsstargazette.com/news/4592133-cochran-recovery-services-faces-uncertain-future-hastings

External links[edit]