The charts below show the way in which the
International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Basque language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.
Basque phonology and Basque dialects for a more thorough look at the sounds of Basque.
ala ba 
between ba by and be vy
roughly like Tuesday in RP
a dar 
he go 
between go and a hold
roughly like due in RP
roughly like mi llion
roughly like ca nyon
roughly like lo ch (Scottish English)
zau ri la
dder in American English
urre tsu ca
d oinu b
l eiho r
h au h
eh-oo or ey-oo
^ a b c Lenition of /b d g/ occurs in regular speech in most Southern Basque dialects. Hualde (1991:99-100).
^ Silent in Southern Basque dialects.
^ /x/ is frequently heard because of its prevalence in Gipuzkoan, but the realisation of the grapheme j varies depending on dialect and can be [. The last, which resembles , j , ʝ , ɟ , dʒ , ʒ , ʃ ] χ Scottish English lo, is typical of ch Gipuzkoan, and it has extended to eastern varieties of Biscayan and the Sakana variety of the Upper Navarrese. The standard pronunciation ruled by Euskaltzaindia is /j/.
^ The double rr is pronounced as an alveolar trill [ in r] Southern Basque dialects but as a guttural [ in ʁ] Northern Basque dialects.
^ a b Basque contrasts two consonants that sound similar to the /s/ of Englishː /s̺/, which is apical, and /s̻/, which is laminal. /ts̺/ and /ts̻/ are contrasted the same way.
^ The Basque /e/ is different from any English vowel, but it is usually articulated between the vowel of pl (for most English dialects) and the vowel of ay b. ed
^ The Basque /o/ is different from any English vowel, but it is usually articulated between the vowel of c (for most English dialects) and the vowel of oat r aw'.
References [ edit ]