Help:IPA/Shan and Tai Lue

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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Shan and Tai Lue pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. For a guide to adding IPA characters to Wikipedia articles, see {{IPA-shn}}, {{IPA-khb}}, and Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

IPA Shan New Tai Lue English approximation
b [1] ᦢ,ᦥ abash
d ၻ,ꩨ [1] ᦡ,ᦤ ado
f ᦚ,ᦝ food
ɡ [1] good
h ᦠ,ᦣ head
j ᦊ,ᦍ yak
k ᦂ,ᦅ scan
[2] ᦃ,ᦆ can
l လ,ꩮ ᦜ,ᦟ leaf
m ᦖ,ᦙ much
n ᦐ,ᦓ not
ŋ ᦄ,ᦇ bang
ɲ [1] canyon
p ᦔ,ᦗ span
ᦕ,ᦘ pan
r ရ,꩹ [1] [1] roughly like water (American English)
s [3] ᦉ,ᦌ sue
ʃ သျ shoe
t တ,ꩦ ᦎ,ᦑ stable
ထ,ꩧ,ꩪ,ꩩ ᦏ,ᦒ table
ts [3] ᦈ,ᦋ Betsy
tsʰ ၶျ cheese
θ [4] thing
v[5] ᦛ,ᦞ village
w[5] ᦛ,ᦞ way
x[2] ᦃ,ᦆ loch in Scottish English
z [4] zebra
ʔ ᦀ,ᦁ the catch in uh'-oh
IPA Description
mid [aː˧]
à low [a˨˩] or [a˩]
â falling [a˥˩] (Tai Lü only)
creaky falling [a̰˥˩] (Shan only)
á high [a˥]
ǎ rising [a˨˦] (Shan only)
a᷄ high rising [a˧˥] (Tai Lü only)
a᷅ lowing rising [a˩˧] (Tai Lü only)
IPA Shan New Tai Lü English approximation
Short vowels
a unmarked cut
e ေ,ဵ roughly like say
ɛ ႄ, ႅ roughly like bat
i happy
o ူဝ် go without u sound (shorter)
ɔ ေႃ, ွ off
u ု, ူ loot (shorter)
ို good
ိူ ᦵᦲ roughly like hurt (shorter)
Long vowels
ၢ, ႃ bra


  1. ^ a b c d e f In foreign words
  2. ^ a b /kʰ/ and /x/ are in free variation.
  3. ^ a b Sometimes /s/ and /ts/ are used interchangeably.
  4. ^ a b In Burmese loanwords
  5. ^ a b /v/ and /w/ are in free variation